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Ideas, Uncertainty, and Evolution

Mark Blyth

in Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199736430
eISBN:
9780199866106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736430.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that ideational scholarship rests, implicitly or explicitly, on a particular way of looking at the world, a distinct social ontology. It uses this understanding to make the ... More


Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Raimo Tuomela

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The main focus of this book about social ontology is collective intentionality (as expressed by joint intentions, wants, beliefs, and action) and group agency. The theory presented starts from the ... More


Causal mechanisms in the social realm

Daniel Little

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The chapter considers the specific characteristics of causal relations among social structures, processes, and activities. Against the Humean idea that causal relations are defined by facts about ... More


Deleuze and the Social

Martin Fuglsang and Bent Meier Sorensen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748620920
eISBN:
9780748652365
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620920.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book focuses on the implications of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's thinking on the social sciences and organisation. It is concerned with the most basic notions of ‘the social’. It seeks ... More


Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Sally Haslanger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Contemporary theorists use the term “social construction” with the aim of exposing how what's purportedly “natural” is often at least partly social and, more specifically, how this masking of the ... More


We Are, Therefore I Am—I Am, Therefore We Are: The Third in Sartre’s Social Ontology

Nicolas de Warren

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This paper examines the meaning and significance of Sartre’s concept of “the third” within the social ontology of the Critique of Dialectical Reason. Through an examination of three different types ... More


Ontological and Durkheimian Theories of the Sacred

Gordon Lynch

in The Sacred in the Modern World: A Cultural Sociological Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199557011
eISBN:
9780191738210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557011.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter introduces the distinction between ontological and cultural sociological theories of the sacred, which respectively understand the sacred to be grounded in the essence of the cosmos or ... More


The Work Society

James A. Chamberlain

in Undoing Work, Rethinking Community: A Critique of the Social Function of Work

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714863
eISBN:
9781501714887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714863.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter argues that the work society operates on the basis of an individualist social ontology that needs a mechanism like that of paid work to bring individuals together in social order and ... More


Introduction 1

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0000
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter introduces the main themes of the book and provides summaries of background ideas in feminist theory and analytic philosophy that are helpful for understanding the material that follows. ... More


The Emergence of Persons

Mark H. Bickhard

in Embodiment, Enaction, and Culture: Investigating the Constitution of the Shared World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035552
eISBN:
9780262337120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035552.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

I will present a model of persons as emergent forms of socio-cultural agency. Such a model requires a framework metaphysics that makes sense of the normative dynamic emergence of agents, which, in ... More


The Agōn, Recognition, and the Question of Community

Robert R. Williams

in Tragedy, Recognition, and the Death of God: Studies in Hegel and Nietzsche

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656059
eISBN:
9780191744846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656059.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 3 explores Nietzsche’s concept of the contest. His early essay on Homer’s Contest shows that the contest is a social institution that restrains and limits violence, and thus is comparable to ... More


Researching identities and communities: key epistemological, methodological and ethical dilemmas

Basia Spalek

in Communities, identities and crime

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348043
eISBN:
9781447301899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348043.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter explores some key methodological questions, including ethical ones, when researching communities and when focusing upon identities as a way of understanding the social world. Crime and ... More


Deleuzian Social Ontology and Assemblage Theory

Manuel DeLanda

in Deleuze and the Social

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748620920
eISBN:
9780748652365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620920.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores Gilles Deleuze's social anthology and assemblage theory. It proposes a solution to the macro- and micro-problems in the analysis of social ontology which avoids any form of ... More


Introduction

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

This chapter introduces the main notions, new ideas, theses, and results of the book. It distinguishes individualistic “I-mode” notions from conceptually collectivistic “we-mode” notions. The central ... More


Weak Textualism

Maurizio Ferraris

in Where Are You?: An Ontology of the Cell Phone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256150
eISBN:
9780823261321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256150.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the theory of weak textualism proposed by Jacques Derrida, who claims that social objects are constructed by idiomatic inscriptions (small physical objects). Before arguing that ... More


Conceptualizing the Social

Gopal Guru and Sundar Sarukkai

in Experience, Caste, and the Everyday Social

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199496051
eISBN:
9780199097906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199496051.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The concept of the social has been discussed extensively in sociology and other related disciplines. This chapter traces a particular problem related to the ambiguity of this term over time. One ... More


Strong Textualism

Maurizio Ferraris

in Where Are You?: An Ontology of the Cell Phone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256150
eISBN:
9780823261321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256150.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the theory of strong textualism, which posits that physical objects are socially constructed and counts Michel Foucault as its forerunner. It first discusses Foucault's claim ... More


Strong Realism

Maurizio Ferraris

in Where Are You?: An Ontology of the Cell Phone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256150
eISBN:
9780823261321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256150.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the theory of strong realism, which posits that social objects are as solid as physical objects and is supported by Adolf Reinach. It considers Reinach's arguments about strong ... More


Epilogue

Maurizio Ferraris

in Where Are You?: An Ontology of the Cell Phone

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256150
eISBN:
9780823261321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256150.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This epilogue offers a philosophical take on mobile phones and letter writing by presenting a correspondence between Franz Kafka and a woman named Milena, in which he says that “writing letters means ... More


Judith Butler, Precarious Life, and Reproduction: From Social Ontology to Ontological Tact

Penelope Deutscher

in Foucault's Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231176415
eISBN:
9780231544559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Expands on a some rarely discussed mentions of embryonic life by Judith Butler. Suggests an extension of the concept of precarious life, so as to include a genealogy of the subject understood as ... More


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