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Integrating Research on Self-Control across Multiple Levels of Analysis: Insights from Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

Ethan Kross and Kevin Ochsner

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Advances in neuroimaging methods and techniques and interest in understanding the neural bases of psychological phenomena are rapidly changing how the capacity for self-control is being addressed. An ... More


Concluding Remarks

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a summary of what has been reviewed in this volume. It is all too common to hear in neuroscience and psychology that attention is a vague concept not amenable to a truly ... More


Control in the Regulation of Intergroup Bias

David M. Amodio and Patricia G. Devine

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

In the intergroup relations literature, theories of control concern the interplay of basic cognitive mechanisms of self-regulation with intrapersonal and societal-level goals and motivations. By ... More


Self-Regulation in Intergroup Relations: A Social Neuroscience Framework

David M. Amodio

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a social neuroscience framework of the processes through which racial biases are activated and controlled. It begins by reviewing the prevalent dual-process model of prejudice ... More


Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Alexander Todorov, Susan Fiske, and Deborah Prentice (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The field of social cognitive neuroscience has been at the forefront of study for many psychologists over the past decade or so. Much of the spur for this new field has come from the development of ... More


Perceiving Humanity or Not: A Social Neuroscience Approach to Dehumanized Perception

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social neuroscience can be used to understand dehumanized perception, a failure to think about another person's mind (mentalizing). This extreme form of prejudice entails perceiving a person as less ... More


Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Ran Hassin, Kevin Ochsner, and Yaacov Trope (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This book presents social, cognitive, and neuroscientific approaches to the study of self-control, connecting recent work in cognitive and social psychology with recent advances in cognitive and ... More


Social Neuroscience and the Representation of Others: Commentary

James V. Haxby

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The representation of others is a central problem that brings social neuroscience and cognitive neuroscience together. Chapters 1–4 present an overview of the current state of our understanding for ... More


Emotion in Social Neuroscience

Elizabeth A. Phelps

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter summarizes the discussions in Chapters 10–13. These chapters represent a broad range of approaches and questions in the social neuroscience of emotion. By doing this, they demonstrate ... More


The Neural Basis of Emotional Decision-Making

Jennifer S. Beer and Jamil P. Bhanji

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The role of orbitofrontal cortex in emotional decision making has recently been called into question. Recent research that draws on both social psychological and neuroscience approaches (i.e., social ... More


Social Neuroscience and the Soul's Last Stand

Joshua D. Greene

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter considers the broader implications of social neuroscience. These days, even the most ardent dualists recognize that we have brains and that our brains must do something. In recent ... More


You, Me, and My Brain: Self and Other Representations in Social Cognitive Neuroscience

Jamil Zaki and Kevin Ochsner

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

How do we reconcile our tendencies to think of others as being similar to us with the importance and ease of seeing ourselves as different from others? This chapter adopts a social cognitive ... More


The Social Brain in Interactive Games

James K. Rilling

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an approach to social cognitive neuroscience that involves imaging brain function in subjects who are immersed in genuine social ... More


 Abstraction of Mental Representations: Theoretical Considerations and Neuroscientific Evidence

Kalina Christoff and Kamyar Keramatian

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Humans are unique in being able to follow rules at a high order of abstraction—or complex systems of abstract rules that are themselves related in an abstract way. This chapter presents findings that ... More


Us versus Them: The Social Neuroscience of Perceiving Out-groups

Nalini Ambady and Reginald B. Adams

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural processes involved in perceiving out-groups? The pace of inquiry into this topic has picked up considerably since the pioneering neuroimaging studies conducted in 2000, yielding ... More


Empathic Distress Fatigue Rather Than Compassion Fatigue? Integrating Findings from Empathy Research in Psychology and Social Neuroscience

Olga Klimecki and Tania Singer

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0253
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we discuss the role of empathy as the main precursor for prosocial behavior, taking perspectives that span from social and developmental psychology to social neuroscience. We begin ... More


Attention in the Social World

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The social world consists of many institutions in which the ability to regulate our individual behavior in accordance with social demands is of paramount importance. This chapter examines some of the ... More


What Hobbes Left Out: The Neuroscience of Compassion and its Implications for a New Common-wealth

James D. Duffy

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0023
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Much has changed, and much has happened, in the four centuries since Hobbes wrote Leviathan. However, his jaundiced view of human nature and the necessity of enforced moral codes remains the dominant ... More


Neural sources of empathy: An evolving story

Jamil Zaki and Kevin Ochsner

in Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199692972
eISBN:
9780191758515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692972.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ability to feel what others are feeling is basic to human social life. In recent years, neuroscientists have begun to study empathy as distinct from other affective phenomena or mentalizing. ... More


The Human Caregiving System: A Neuroscience Model of Compassionate Motivation and Behavior

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, and Stephanie D. Preston

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this essay we describe the essential features of a neurobiological system whose purpose is to provide the motivation needed to bestow resources on others—the “caregiving system.” After presenting ... More


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