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Love, Friendship, and the Self: Intimacy, Identification, and the Social Nature of Persons

Bennett W. Helm

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199567898
eISBN:
9780191722387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Recent Western thought has consistently emphasized the individualistic strand in our understanding of persons at the expense of the social strand. Thus, it is generally thought that persons are ... More


Divine Providence and the Course of History

Amos Funkenstein

in Theology and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181356
eISBN:
9780691184265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181356.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter analyzes how, since the seventeenth century, versions of the invisible-hand explanation were employed to illuminate the course of history, the evolution of society. Giambattista Vico ... More


The Land in Between:: Constructing Nature, Wilderness, and Agriculture

A. Whitney Sanford

in Growing Stories from India: Religion and the Fate of Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813134123
eISBN:
9780813135915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134123.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter demonstrates parallels between the pastoral paradigm of Vaishnava devotion and the neglect of agriculture in Western environmental thought. It explores how pastoralism and idealized ... More


Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book is really three-books-in-one, dealing with the topic of artifacts in behavioral research. It is about the problems of experimenter effects which have not been solved. Experimenters still ... More


Natural Law

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Pufendorf is now largely ignored by moral philosophers but his influence on the subject was enormous. He took up the Grotian problem of reshaping morality for a Europe deeply divided by religious ... More


The Social Construction of Nature

Steven Vogel

in Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

To show something to be “socially constructed” is to show it not to be natural; in this sense there’s something paradoxical in the thesis that nature is itself socially constructed. The thesis might ... More


Thinking like a Mall: Environmental Philosophy after the End of Nature

Steven Vogel

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029100
eISBN:
9780262326988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029100.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Environmental theory would be better off if it eschewed the concept of “nature” entirely. The concept is too ambiguous and potentially politically dangerous, while as McKibben and others have argued, ... More


Introduction: Studying Visions of Charity

Rebecca Anne Allahyari

in Visions of Charity: Volunteer Workers and Moral Community

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520221444
eISBN:
9780520935327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221444.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on white, middle-class Americans, who have laid the groundwork for an exploration of the social nature of the American character within the context of caring for others. It ... More


Composing the World

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Our Oldest Task: Making Sense of Our Place in Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226326399
eISBN:
9780226326429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326429.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter explains the considerable difficulty we have in making sense of the world and finding our place in it. To undertake that task we need to start with the most basic questions about how we ... More


Rationality, sociability and human dignity

Chak Kwan and Graham Bowpitt

in Human dignity and welfare systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344311
eISBN:
9781447302551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344311.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter argues that the dignity of humans can be found in one's possession of intrinsic capacities that strive for autonomy and mutuality. It is stressed that human nature is a combination of ... More


Wilderness and Culture

Eric T. Freyfogle

in A Good That Transcends: How US Culture Undermines Environmental Reform

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226326085
eISBN:
9780226326252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326252.003.0007
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Wilderness both as place and idea has become contested, and for reasons that, when probed, help illuminate contemporary struggles to understand the natural world and to live well within it. ... More


Political Foundations of the Philosophies of Science of Popper, Kuhn, and Polanyi

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the early experiences and writings of Popper and Kuhn before the publication of the Structure of Scientific Revolutions, and makes comparisons between Popper's and Kuhn's ... More


‘Women’s time’

Valerie Bryson

in Gender and the politics of time: Feminist theory and contemporary debates

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347503
eISBN:
9781447302391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347503.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter develops Chapter Two's discussion of the social nature of time to consider whether women's bodies and/or social roles give rise to a specifically female ‘time culture’ and, if so, the ... More


Methodological Reflections

Harry Collins

in Gravity's Ghost and Big Dog: Scientific Discovery and Social Analysis in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226052298
eISBN:
9780226052328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226052328.003.0019
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Did the author ‘go native’ to a damaging extent in studying the Big Dog episode? Should the author have tried to make a contribution to the physics? How the scientists criticised the author and how ... More


Later life in consumer society

Ian Rees Jones, Martin Hyde, Christina R. Victor, Richard D. Wiggins, Chris Gilleard, and Paul Higgs

in Ageing in a consumer society: From passive to active consumption in Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348821
eISBN:
9781447301431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348821.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents data that was taken from four decades of the Family Expenditure Survey on the patterns of consumption among older people in the UK from 1968 to 2003. It examines the extent to ... More


The Self

Mona Sue Weissmark

in The Science of Diversity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190686345
eISBN:
9780197522912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190686345.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter analyzes research on the development of the self in relation to others and shows that the need for attachment and belonging is manifest before birth. In fact, studies have found that the ... More


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