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The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Francis G. Castles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book uses data from 21 OECD countries for the period 1980 to 1998 to test a variety of hypotheses suggesting that contemporary welfare states are in crisis and to establish the factors shaping ... More


Migration, Citizenship, and the European Social Model

Carl-Ulrik Schierup

in Migration, Citizenship, and the European Welfare State: A European Dilemma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198280521
eISBN:
9780191603730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280521.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines EU policies concerning social exclusion, migrant integration, labour migration, and asylum in the early 21st century. A two-pronged approach analyzes EU efforts in the realm of ... More


The Social-Democratic State

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The social democratic state rises from the Great Depression and Second Word War. And up to the 1970s, the capitalist economies grow enormously, at the same time that social rights were recognized and ... More


The Idea of the European Social Model: Limits and Paradoxes of Europeanization

Daniel Wincott

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Both positive and negative integration can produce Europeanization, but while the former, which generally implies the specification of a European model, is more likely to be politically loaded with ... More


Responsibility for Justice

Iris Marion Young

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

When the noted political philosopher Iris Marion Young died in 2006, her death was mourned as the passing of “one of the most important political philosophers of the past quarter-century” (Cass ... More


Social Combination Models

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter studies the historical development of social combination models. The social combination approach assumes that groups combine the group member preferences by some process to formulate a ... More


A European Welfare State Convergence?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Seeks to explore the notion that European welfare states have been becoming more alike in recent years, with a view to establishing the reality or otherwise of the notion of a distinct ‘European ... More


Campaign Dynamics in the Referendums on the European Constitution

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter explores the perhaps most significant votes on Europe so far: the referendums on the European Constitutional Treaty in 2005. The chapter examines the two failed referendums in France and ... More


Society: Quality Over Quantity

John McCormick

in Europeanism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556212
eISBN:
9780191721830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556212.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on European society, arguing that the European Social Model—while interesting as a reference point for analysis—is too driven by economic factors to shed as much light on ... More


United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Jens Alber and Neil Gilbert (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Since the advent of the European Union, politicians have increasingly emphasized the notion of a European social model as an alternative to the American form of market capitalism, which is seen as ... More


CONCEPTS AND PRACTICES OF SOCIAL CITIZENSHIP IN EUROPE: THE CASE OF POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT FOR THE POOR

Chiara Saraceno

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The “European Social Model” (ESM) is similar to the concept of social citizenship developed by T. H. Marshall (1950). Marshall's concept embodied a vision of active as opposed to passive social ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


A Social Connection Model

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes an alternative conception of responsibility called the social connection model of responsibility. The social connection model finds that all those who contribute by their ... More


Digging into Implicit/Explicit States and Processes: The Case of Cognitive/Social Process Interaction in Scientific Groups

Susannah B. F. Paletz and Christian D. Schunn

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Research in the psychology of science has typically fallen into separate, isolated subfields within psychology. This chapter examines two models that tie together social and cognitive psychological ... More


religion is what your parents say

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter evaluates the standard social science model and postmodernist theories and methods for studying religion. It is argued that the theoretical inadequacies of the standard social science ... More


Two Ways of Being a (Direct) Referentialist

Andrea Bianchi

in Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Around 1970, an uprising against Frege’s doctrines was initiated by “the quartet”: Keith Donnellan, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam, and David Kaplan. Indeed “the quartet engendered a set of ideas...that ... More


The Influence of the Reference Group on our Norms

Bernard Van Praag

in Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226146
eISBN:
9780191718595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226146.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the premise that in addition to lifetime experiences, an individual's reference group will have an impact on his or her norms and behaviour. Two cases are considered. In the ... More


Social inequality and public health

Salvatore J. Babones (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423207
eISBN:
9781447303398
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423207.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Public health in the early 21st century increasingly considers how social inequalities impact on individual health, moving away from the focus on how disease relates to the individual person. This ... More


Simple Heuristics in a Social Game

Ralph Hertwig, Urs Fischbacher, and Adrian Bruhin

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The dominant behavior observed in social games such as the ultimatum game, the dictator game, and public good games violates the classical assumption in economics of purely selfish preferences. To ... More


How to Govern for Solidarity? An Introduction to Policy Learning in the Context of Open Methods of Coordinating Education Policies in the European Union

Bettina Lange and Nafsika Alexiadou

in Promoting Solidarity in the European Union

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583188
eISBN:
9780191594502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583188.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, EU Law

This chapter focuses on policy learning, one specific aspect of the governance process that contributes to the building of a European Social Model (ESM). It starts from the assumption that if we want ... More


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