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Explaining Penal Regime Variation: Political Structures and Collective Agency

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter presents the theoretical basis for the study. It places the analysis in historical context, arguing that changes in American penal sanctioning were central to the remaking of American ... More


Citizenship Rights and Social Movements: A Comparative and Statistical Analysis

Joe Foweraker and Todd Landman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199240463
eISBN:
9780191696831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240463.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Collective action in modern history has come to be defined by people fighting for their rights. This study identifies the main connections made between collective action and individual rights, in ... More


Introduction

Amit Ahuja

in Mobilizing the Marginalized: Ethnic Parties without Ethnic Movements

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190916428
eISBN:
9780190916466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916428.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Dalits, the world’s largest marginalized group, have mobilized socially and electorally. This chapter introduces the puzzle of Dalit mobilization in India. It defines the three research questions ... More


Dalit Social Mobilization and Bloc Voting

Amit Ahuja

in Mobilizing the Marginalized: Ethnic Parties without Ethnic Movements

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190916428
eISBN:
9780190916466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916428.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The availability of ethnic blocs is a prerequisite for the success of an ethnic party. This chapter illustrates how Dalits’ historical social mobilization weakens bloc voting. Dalit social movements ... More


Alternative Empires? Englishness and Christianity in Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland

Laura Chrisman

in Rereading the Imperial Romance: British Imperialism and South African Resistance in Haggard, Schreiner, and Plaatje

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122999
eISBN:
9780191671593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122999.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Oliver Schreiner's novella is distinguished by not only its radical representation of colonialism but also by its equally radical reformulation of the two institutions to which she makes her appeal ... More


How Mobilization Type Shapes Dalit Welfare

Amit Ahuja

in Mobilizing the Marginalized: Ethnic Parties without Ethnic Movements

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190916428
eISBN:
9780190916466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916428.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the social mobilization and electoral mobilization of the marginalized occur, they represent their political assertion. Why, then, should we care about the type of collective action that ... More


Making Social Audits Accountable

Shylashri Shankar and Raghav Gaiha

in Battling Corruption: Has NREGA Reached India's Rural Poor?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198085003
eISBN:
9780199082476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085003.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

A social audit is conducted jointly by the government and the beneficiaries of the scheme being audited. Social audits have functioned well in AP as an accountability mechanism but have failed to do ... More


The Brave New Worlds of Agricultural Technoscience: Changing Perspectives, Recurrent Themes, and New Research Directions in Agro-Food Studies

David Goodman

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents some reflections on the main theoretical approaches to agricultural biotechnologies (ABTs) in agro-food studies, and a discussion of critical engagement with the “new” ... More


When feminism became gender equality and anti-racism turned into diversity management

Paulina de los Reyes

in Challenging the myth of gender equality in Sweden

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447325963
eISBN:
9781447325987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447325963.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines social mobilisations around feminist politics and antiracism deployed in a general context of neoliberal reforms in Sweden. It compares feminist collective mobilizations and ... More


Moral Economies of Food Security and Protest in Latin America

Wendy Wolford and Ryan Nehring

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that protests over access to food happen when the traditional institutions or “moral economies” that govern food consumption and production fail or are broken. Although protests ... More


Activism under EU Leverage: Poland and the Czech Republic, 1998–2004

Conor O'Dwyer

in Coming Out of Communism: The Emergence of LGBT Activism in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479876631
eISBN:
9781479877829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876631.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter shows how the onset of EU leverage began to transform the dynamics of LGBT activism in Poland but not in the Czech Republic. The arcs of activism now began to reverse, with the Polish ... More


The Genesis of the Red Brigades

Alessandro Orsini

in Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449864
eISBN:
9780801460913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449864.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter attempts to reconstruct the genesis of the Red Brigades. It suggests that Red Brigades was a consequence of the social mobilization process and of the accompanying dislocation in postwar ... More


Media and Protest Logics in the Digital Era: The Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong

Francis L.F. Lee and Joseph M. Chan

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190856779
eISBN:
9780190856816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190856779.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Economy

Digital and social media are increasingly integrated into dynamics of protest movements. They strengthen the mobilization power of movements, extend movement networks, facilitate new modes of protest ... More


The Awakening of a Priest: “You have ruined the parish!”

Peter M. Sánchez

in Priest Under Fire: "Padre David Rodríguez, the Catholic Church, and El Salvador's Revolutionary Movement"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061191
eISBN:
9780813051482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061191.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Chapter 3 examines the crucial period of political awakening in Rodríguez’s life, an awakening experienced by many other priests and nuns in El Salvador. While serving as parish priest in Tecoluca, ... More


Illegal Prices: The Social Contestation of High Living Costs in Guadeloupe and Mauritania

Boris Samuel

in The Architecture of Illegal Markets: Towards an Economic Sociology of Illegality in the Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198794974
eISBN:
9780191836442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794974.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, International Business

Between 2005 and 2010, Mauritania and Guadeloupe faced massive social mobilizations against the high cost of living. The widespread use of illegal practices was blamed for the unjust pricing of some ... More


Revolution and Authoritarianism in North Africa

Frédéric Volpi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190642921
eISBN:
9780190848491
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190642921.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This book analyses how the Arab uprisings, the sudden wave of leaderless protests that broke out in 2011, could produce regime change in a region until then characterized by authoritarian resilience. ... More


Postwar Commodity Parables and the Cracking of Late Colonialism

in A City Consumed: Urban Commerce, the Cairo Fire, and the Politics of Decolonization in Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804781268
eISBN:
9780804782661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804781268.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the ways in which a pair of shoes (gawz gazma) and nylon stockings came by the late 1940s to represent new kinds of conflict and new forms of community emerging from the rise of ... More


Reluctant Cold Warriors: Economists and National Security

Vladimir Kontorovich

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190868123
eISBN:
9780190868154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868123.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

The academic study of the Soviet economy in the US was created to help fight the Cold War, part of a broader mobilization of the social sciences for national security needs. The Soviet strategic ... More


Interruptions, Insurrections, Strategies

Andrew C. Willford and S. Nagarajan

in Tamils and the Haunting of Justice: History and Recognition in Malaysia's Plantations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824838942
eISBN:
9780824869649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838942.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter assesses the strategies of resistance of Tamils, assessing their aims and effectiveness given recent successes and failures. It describes how an indescribable shock and disbelief in the ... More


Syria’s Alawis and the Ba’ath Party

Raymond Hinnebusch

in The Alawis of Syria: War, Faith and Politics in the Levant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458119
eISBN:
9780190618520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458119.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter frames the role of the Alawis within the context of the identity challenges of state formation in Syria. It examines the formation of Alawi political identity, their involvement in and ... More


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