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Erhard and the Realization of the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights Ludwig Erhard's initiatives in the realization of the social market economy in West Germany. Even during the Korean crisis, Erhard pressed ahead with his support for the most ... More


The SPD and the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the political structure as well as political developments, and economic policies of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). The Social Democrats reconsidered the fundamental ... More


Erhard and the Korean Crisis

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the challenges faced by Erhard and the obstacles to his economic policies, due to the Korean crisis. During the period before the Korean war, Erhard persistently continued his ... More


Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

A. J. Nicholls

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book goes behind the success story of the Federal Republic of Germany since the Second World War to examine the principles underpinning the so-called ‘economic miracle’. West Germany's Economics ... More


Conclusion: The Social Market Economy in Retrospect

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a conclusion regarding various aspects and theories of social market economy implemented in West Germany after the Great Depression. Income generated by the market was not ... More


Reinventing the liberal agenda

Rachel S. Turner

in Neo-Liberal Ideology: History, Concepts and Policies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748632688
eISBN:
9780748652792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632688.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter deals with the impact of neo-liberal ideas on national policy agendas in Germany, Britain, and the United States in the second half of the twentieth century. It looks at the attempts to ... More


The SPD and the Struggle for Reform

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes an account of the issues faced by the SPD in implementing economic reforms in the early 1950s. Reformers within the party were trying to reassess the fundamental values upon which ... More


Neo-liberalism in the Immediate Post-war Period

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes an account of the efforts to establish neo-liberalism in post-war Germany. Businessmen set up a branch of the old German Democratic Party in Munster and contacted Miiller-Armack to ... More


Erhard and the CDU

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Erhard's economic policies as economic director of the Bizone and his alliance with the CDU. Erhard considered that a party like the CDU would obviously give the freedom and ... More


Introduction

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book discusses the concept of social market economy, ‘socialism with a human face’, a form of liberalized collectivism. It cites examples from former Communist countries, specifically, the case ... More


The Withering of Neoliberalism and Its Tattered Legacy: Why a Harmful Concept Rose to Temporary Ascendancy in Half the World and What to Do About It

Grzegorz W. Kolodko

in Truth, Errors, and Lies: Politics and Economics in a Volatile World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150699
eISBN:
9780231521567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150699.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter talks about the concept of “neoliberalism,” which some authors erroneously identify with “classical mainstream economics,” and its relationship with the idea of “social market economy.” ... More


The Social Market Economy: Postwar Social Thought beyond Capitalism and Communism

Peter C. Caldwell

in Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State: Debating Social Order in Postwar West Germany, 1949-1989

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833819
eISBN:
9780191872198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833819.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

The social market economy was a first key term used in the formation of the Federal Republic of Germany, firstly to describe how a market economy (i.e. capitalism) could contribute to social order, ... More


Ludwig Erhard and the Origins of the Social Market Economy

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Ludwig Edward's contribution to the origin of the social market economy. Erhard was not in favour of the social aspects of the new economic liberalism, but liked the ... More


Competition Policy: From Centrality to Muddling Through?

Martin Lodge

in Germany, Europe, and the Politics of Constraint

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262955
eISBN:
9780191734465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262955.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Competition policy has been said to lie at the heart of the German social market economy and to have been a key influence on the EC competition regime. This chapter assesses the impact of ... More


Christian Economics?

Noah Benezra Strote

in Lions and Lambs: Conflict in Weimar and the Creation of Post-Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300219050
eISBN:
9780300228045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300219050.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explores how German elites molded a bare majority to support a “Christian” policy to respond to the dire economic situation still facing the country, under the leadership of the first ... More


Reconstructing Europe’s Economy

Matthew A. Shadle

in Interrupting Capitalism: Catholic Social Thought and the Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190660130
eISBN:
9780190660161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190660130.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

After the Second World War, Western Europeans had to rebuild their nations’ economies. This chapter describes the varieties of capitalism they adopted: social democratic, organicist, and social ... More


Ordoliberalism, the Social-Market Economy, and Keynesianism in Germany, 1945–1974

Harald Hagemann

in Liberalism and the Welfare State: Economists and Arguments for the Welfare State

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190676681
eISBN:
9780190676711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190676681.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

The chapter deals with the development of the welfare state in the first three decades after World War II, in which the West German economy ran through a remarkable catching-up process. Economic ... More


Democratizing the Market System

Tom Malleson

in After Occupy: Economic Democracy for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199330102
eISBN:
9780199368266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199330102.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

Last chapter the argument was made that market systems have substantial democratic potential. They have the potential to act like democratic voting machines and the potential to be shaped in very ... More


Hans Tietmeyer, Ethical Ordo-Liberalism, and the Architecture of EMU: Getting the Fundamentals Right

Kenneth Dyson

in Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198735915
eISBN:
9780191799860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735915.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

This chapter examines Hans Tietmeyer’s long engagement with EMU as a conviction Ordo-liberal, from the late 1960s to the launch of monetary union in 1999. In particular, it explores his intellectual ... More


Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State: Debating Social Order in Postwar West Germany, 1949-1989

Peter C. Caldwell

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198833819
eISBN:
9780191872198
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833819.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

This book investigates political thought under the conditions of the postwar welfare state, focusing on the Federal Republic of Germany (1949–89). It argues that the welfare state informed and ... More


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