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Competencies as a Behavioral Manifestation of Implicit Motives

Richard E. Boyatzis and Stephen P. Kelner

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Implicit motives manifest themselves in patterns of behavior that we call competencies. Since 1970, the study of competencies and their predictive relationship to effectiveness in many occupations in ... More


The Modularity of Social Intelligence

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The social intelligence hypothesis is both stimulating and vague. It is stimulating because it reminds one that whenever psychologists study intelligence and learning in humans or animals, it is ... More


The Prehistoric Roots of the Modern Mind

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explains why the process of human evolution is crucial to understanding the structures and functions of the modern human mind. Tracing hominid development up to the appearance of Homo ... More


Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Ralph Hertwig, Ulrich Hoffrage, and ABC Research Group (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book invites readers to discover the simple heuristics that people use to navigate the complexities and surprises of environments populated with others. The social world is a terrain where ... More


Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Gerd Gigerenzer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Where do new ideas come from? What is social intelligence? Why do social scientists perform mindless statistical rituals? This vital book is about rethinking rationality as adaptive thinking: to ... More


The Basic Symbolic Systems

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The following problems are examined in this chapter: human intelligence, human memory, inferences, choice system, and empathy.


Amiability and Citizenship Virtues

Arménio Rego, Miguel Pina e Cunha, and Stewart Clegg

in The Virtues of Leadership: Contemporary Challenges for Global Managers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653867
eISBN:
9780191742057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653867.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter focuses on how amiability and citizenship virtues (justice and humanity) allow global leaders to develop positive human relationships with a wide range of constituencies (e.g. employees, ... More


Simple Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Social Behavior

Ralph Hertwig and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter shows how simple heuristics can be an essential tool for navigating the complexities and vagaries of social environments. The research program on the nature of social rationality ... More


Varieties of Intelligence

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines scholarly research that probes the nature of intelligence and widens the scope of how the mind underpins effective thought and action. More specifically, it considers a variety ... More


Ten Strategies to Enhance Intelligence

Michael E. Martinez

in Future Bright: A Transforming Vision of Human Intelligence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199781843
eISBN:
9780190256050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781843.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter outlines ten strategies for enhancing human intelligence, beginning with the idea of making improved intelligence a conscious goal, followed by building fluid intelligence through ... More


Agent-Based Social Simulation and Its Necessity for Understanding Socially Embedded Phenomena

Bruce Edmonds

in Minding Norms: Mechanisms and dynamics of social order in agent societies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812677
eISBN:
9780199369553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812677.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter the methodological choice common to the contributions included in this volume is justified and discussed. Different approaches to cognitive modeling and social simulation are briefly ... More


Maternal Effects, Social Cognitive Development, and the Evolution of Human Intelligence

David F. Bjorklund, Jason Grotuss, and Adriana Csinady

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter examines maternal effects in human cognitive evolution. It discusses the changes in social intelligence and argues that the confluence of increased brain size, delayed maturation, and ... More


Social complexity and the brain

Richard W. Byrne

in Evolving Insight

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757078
eISBN:
9780191820281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757078.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Research that suggests insight in animal cognition has often focused on large-brained species, and this chapter examines the factors that drive brain-size increase and the benefits conferred. ... More


The Challenge of Novelty

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter argues for two crucial ideas. First, over deep history and at different times and places, humans have experienced very different physical, biological, economic and social environments. ... More


Macachiavellian Origins of Love and Compassion

Dario Maestripieri

in Macachiavellian Intelligence: How Rhesus Macaques and Humans Have Conquered the World

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501178
eISBN:
9780226501215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501215.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

Humans (Homo sapiens) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are both political animals. In both human and rhesus macaque societies, it is difficult to survive and be successful without the help of ... More


The ISA Theory: Foundations and Elaborations

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199596195
eISBN:
9780191731549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596195.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter further develops and supports the interpretive sensory-access (ISA) account of the nature and sources of self-knowledge. One goal is expository—it is to develop and explain the ISA ... More


Darwinian Evolution of Free Will and Spiritual Experience

Michael R. Rose

in Darwin's Bridge: Uniting the Humanities and Sciences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190231217
eISBN:
9780190609061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190231217.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human behavior is improvised or learned, yet complex and functional. How could Darwinian evolution have allowed a species such leeway when our free will can evidently lead us far from behavior that ... More


Skepticism Concerning Human Agency: Sciences of the Self Versus “Voluntariness” in the Law

Paul Sheldon Davies

in Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199925605
eISBN:
9780199332939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925605.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On the conception of criminal responsibility in the Model Penal Code, the notion ‘voluntariness’ looms large. Application of the Code presupposes that most adults, including those likely to serve as ... More


Toward a Neuroscience of Social Resonance

Thalia Wheatley and Beau Sievers

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

We describe a new area in neuroscience research focused on understanding how resonant neural patterns, within and between brains, enable human social intelligence. Thriving in the social world means ... More


Bonobos, chimpanzees and tools: Integrating species-specific psychological biases and socio-ecology

Josep Call

in Bonobos: Unique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198728511
eISBN:
9780191795381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728511.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Over the years there has been some controversy regarding the comparison between chimpanzees and bonobos. Whereas some authors have stressed their differences, others have stressed their similarities. ... More


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