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Belgium: Nationalism, State Reform, and Social Security

Daniel Béland and André Lecours

in Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of Territorial Solidarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546848
eISBN:
9780191720468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546848.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 4 begins with a brief discussion on the origins of Flemish nationalism. Then, it analyses the post-war expansion of social policy in Belgium and the meshing of social policy reform and ... More


From Public Assistance to Social Protection: Welfare State-building in European Nations

Maurizio Ferrara

in The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284665
eISBN:
9780191603273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284660.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter traces the historical origins and early developments of European welfare states up to the Second World War in terms of external and internal boundary building. It highlights the role of ... More


Motives, means, and opportunities: analytical perspectives

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter introduces the book conceptualisation of s framework for the causal analysis of welfare state reform. It introduces relevant actors and their interests in the two welfare states, ... More


France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

Bruno Palier and Christelle Mandin

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In France, new social risk policies were not highly developed with the exception of the established tradition of childcare. Reforms were initially delayed by the strongly entrenched old social risk ... More


Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?

Isabela Mares

in Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247752
eISBN:
9780191596346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247757.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

When and why have employers supported the development of institutions of social insurance that provide benefits to workers for various employment‐related risks in the areas of unemployment insurance, ... More


Historical Economics and Policy, 1880–1894

ERIK GRIMMER-SOLEM

in The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This chapter addresses the historical economists' reaction to and impact upon the social and economic policy by evaluating their role in the social insurance legislation of the 1880s, as well as in ... More


A New Deal for the Alien

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on the Social Security Act and the disparate treatment of blacks, Mexicans, and European immigrants in the administration of Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Aid to ... More


The Making of the Beveridge Report

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

Throughout the 1930s there had been a growing body of criticism of the social welfare system—a movement in which Beveridge himself to a certain extent had shared. Various social policy questions ... More


Social Security from the Great Society to 1980: Further Expansion and Rekindled Controversy

Nancy Altman and Ted Marmor

in Conservatism and American Political Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195373929
eISBN:
9780199852291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373929.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The late 1950s to the mid-1970s appears to have been a watershed for Social Security. Before this period, ideological opponents in the business community, in Congress, and, most dramatically, in the ... More


Solidarism and Social Insurance

Eric Jabbari

in Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Post-war France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199289639
eISBN:
9780191730863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289639.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

French social security must be understood in relation to the social insurance legislation of 1928-1930, the latter of which reflected the influence of solidarist ideas not to mention the political ... More


The Roots of Public Pensions Provision: Social Insurance and the Beveridge Plan

Jose Harris

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

William Beveridge and his Report on Social Insurance and Allied Services of 1942 continue to occupy a pivotal position in the history of social security provision not only in Britain and Europe but ... More


Belgium: The Paradox of Persisting Voluntarism in a Corporatist Welfare State

Johan J. De Deken

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Belgium's public–private pension mix can be considered a paradox: despite the conservative-corporatist welfare regime and rather limited Bismarckian social insurance for old age, voluntarist ... More


Equity Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Equity rights are the rights required for the equitable promotion of life prospects. They include negative opportunity rights (rights against discrimination), positive opportunity rights (rights to ... More


France: Promoting Funded Pensions in Bismarckian Corporatism?

Marek Naczyk and Bruno Palier

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Following the Bismarckian social insurance tradition, the post-war pension system of France has been characterized by occupational fragmentation, its strong reliance on pay-as-you-go financing, and ... More


Germany: Departing from Bismarckian Public Pensions

Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Mareike Gronwald, and Tobias Wiß

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter first reviews the emergence and change of the public–private pension mix in Germany, emphasizing the path-dependent but recent path-departing developments from the Bismarckian social ... More


Paying for Medicare: Benefits, Budgets, and Wilbur Mills’s Policy Legacy

Eric Patashnik

in Governing America: The Revival of Political History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150734
eISBN:
9781400841899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150734.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines the origins and consequences of Medicare's peculiar bifurcated structure, focusing on the role played by former House Ways and Means Committee chair Wilbur D. Mills. It shows ... More


The Changing Public–Private Pension Mix in Europe: From Path Dependence to Path Departure

Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Mareike Gronwald

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter by Ebbinghaus and Gronwald provides a comparative historical analysis mapping the cross-national institutional diversity in the evolution of pension systems in ten European countries. ... More


Stakeholders, Shareholders, and German Co-determination

Gordon L. Clark

in European Pensions & Global Finance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253647
eISBN:
9780191719752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253647.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter discusses the reconfiguration of corporate decision-making in Germany, focusing on employer-sponsored pensions, their management, and their investment protocols given the Anglo-American ... More


The Mirage of Private Unemployment Insurance

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 3 discusses unemployment insurance. Actuarial insurance faces a series of problems including adverse selection and – particularly – moral hazard. It is, therefore, not surprising that private ... More


Twenty‐First‐Century Insurance Issues

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses two issues that will assume increasing salience: the impact of genetic screening on insurance markets and problems of long‐term‐care insurance. Genetic screening affects the ... More


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