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The Density of Social Networks and Fertility Decisions: Evidence from South Nyanza District, Kenya

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Utilizes new data gathered in South Nyanza District, Kenya, that includes egocentric social networks and measures of contraceptive prevalence among friends and investigates whether social learning or ... More


Reconciliation From a Social-Psychological Perspective

Herbert C. Kelman

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter distinguishes between conflict settlement, conflict resolution, and reconciliation. The chapter relates these three processes of ending conflict to the author's earlier work on social ... More


The Place of Ethnic Identity in the Development of Personal Identity: A Challenge for the Jewish Family

Peter Y. Medding

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XIV: Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195128208
eISBN:
9780199854592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128208.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter presents a general approach to the development of personal identity, exploring the ways in which various group identities may be incorporated into the emerging personal identity of an ... More


Structural Variables

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the following questions: Are there some experimenters who, more than others, unintentionally affect the results of their research? Are there some subjects who, more than ... More


The Influence of Eyewitness Expert Testimony on Jurors’ Beliefs and Judgments

Michael R. Leippe and Donna Eisenstadt

in Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Eyewitness Identification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331974
eISBN:
9780199868193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the influence of eyewitness expert testimony on jurors' beliefs and judgments in trials that include eyewitnesses. Most surveys indicate that prospective jurors overly believe ... More


Introduction

Joshua M. Epstein

in Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book describes an agent-based model dubbed Agent_Zero, which was constructed using a significant volume of contemporary cognitive neuroscience. Agent_Zero is a new theoretical entity that ... More


India: Development and Participation

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199257492
eISBN:
9780191717826
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257492.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book explores the role of public action in eliminating deprivation and expanding human freedoms in India. The analysis is based on a broad and integrated view of development, which focuses on ... More


Social Learning

Bennett G. Galef, Jr.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0034
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on social influences on food choices of Norway rats. It describes fieldwork strongly suggesting that interactions between adult free-living ... More


Situational Social Influence

Donald Palmer

in Normal Organizational Wrongdoing: A Critical Analysis of Theories of Misconduct in and by Organizations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199573592
eISBN:
9780191738715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573592.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter presents the situational social influence explanation of organizational wrongdoing. This explanation is the second of five alternative accounts of wrongdoing considered in the book. It ... More


Explaining Wrongdoing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Just as personal commitments shape the character of professionals, failures of personal commitment and character enter into understanding their wrongdoing. We can distinguish two types of ... More


Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

David Leon and Gill Walt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book raises new and critical issues about health inequalities. It provides an international perspective on this problem, with contributions from the developed and developing world. The outcome ... More


Hormones and Parenting

Melissa Hines

in Brain Gender

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188363
eISBN:
9780199865246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188363.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter discusses sex differences in parenting. Animal models of parenting, sex differences in parenting in humans, and social and cultural influences on human parenting are discussed. Some ... More


Gender, Trauma, and Distress

William J. Koch, Kevin S. Douglas, Tonia L. Nicholls, and Melanie L. O'Neill

in Psychological Injuries: Forensic Assessment, Treatment, and Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195188288
eISBN:
9780199870486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188288.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses exposure to potentially traumatic events and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), limitations of current knowledge and future research directions, and the ... More


Toward a Theoretical Perspective

George C. Browder

in Hitler's Enforcers: The Gestapo and the SS Security Service in the Nazi Revolution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195104790
eISBN:
9780199854462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104790.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The clues to the significance of self-images or ego identities in some of the modal subsets encourage one to look for links between them and the different missions and images within ... More


Media naturalness theory: human evolution and behaviour towards electronic communication technologies

Ned Kock

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides a discussion of what has become known as media naturalness theory, a theory of communication media with a special focus on electronic communication, and developed based on human ... More


Three Mechanisms of Social Influence

Ryan Goodman and Derek Jinks

in Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199300990
eISBN:
9780199367610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300990.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter identifies and analyzes three distinct mechanisms of social influence that drive state behavior: material inducement, persuasion, and acculturation. With respect to each mechanism, the ... More


Two Perspectives On Organizational Wrongdoing

Donald Palmer

in Normal Organizational Wrongdoing: A Critical Analysis of Theories of Misconduct in and by Organizations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199573592
eISBN:
9780191738715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573592.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter describes the two main perspectives on organizational wrongdoing, the abnormal and normal perspectives, in detail. It also describes the two main approaches to explaining wrongdoing, the ... More


Culture Change: The Perspective of Dynamical Minimalism

Andrzej Nowak, Wouter de Raad, and Wojciech Borkowski1

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume Two

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199840694
eISBN:
9780199932726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840694.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The goal of dynamical minimalism is to identify the simplest mechanisms and the fewest variables capable of producing the phenomenon we are trying to explain. Dynamical minimalism bases its ... More


Socializing States: Promoting Human Rights through International Law

Ryan Goodman and Derek Jinks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199300990
eISBN:
9780199367610
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300990.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

How can the international legal regime encourage states to respect human rights? Given that international law lacks a centralized enforcement mechanism, it is not obvious how this law matters at ... More


Explaining the Holocaust: Does Social Psychology Exonerate the Perpetrators?

Arthur G. Miller, Amy M. Buddie, and Jeffrey Kretschmar

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the proposition that social-psychological explanations of the Holocaust tend to exonerate perpetrators. It suggests that social-psychological explanations may be viewed as ... More


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