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Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Elvin Hatch

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Where do we get our notions of social hierarchy and personal worth? What underlies our beliefs about the goals worth aiming for, the persons we hope to become? This book addresses these questions in ... More


Secret Bodies: Physical Disciplines and Ecstatic Techniques

Hugh B. Urban

in The Economics of Ecstasy: Tantra, Secrecy and Power in Colonial Bengal

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139020
eISBN:
9780199834778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513902X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The role of secrecy is looked at as a practical and ritual strategy. It is argued that the esoteric practices and ecstatic techniques of the Kartābhajās involve a key strategy of deconstructing and ... More


Discrimination in an Unequal World

Miguel Angel Centeno and Katherine S. Newman (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Is globalization making our world more equal, or less? Proponents of globalization argue that it is helping and that in a competitive world, no one can afford to discriminate except on the basis of ... More


Social Hierarchies

Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe

in Ambrosiaster's Political Theology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199230204
eISBN:
9780191710681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230204.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter explores Ambrosiaster's attitudes toward natural social hierarchies in creation. These attitudes provide the necessary starting point for any investigation of his ideas about political, ... More


The Criterion of Refinement: The 1920s

Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives: Social Standing in Rural New Zealand

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520074729
eISBN:
9780520911437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520074729.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter turns to one that refers to life-style, or to the element of refinement in life-style. Social hierarchy was greater before World War II than it is today in South Downs, for the postwar ... More


Ambivalent Sexism at Home and at Work: How Attitudes Toward Women in Relationships Foster Exclusion in the Public Sphere

Mina Cikara, Tiane L. Lee, Susan T. Fiske, and Peter Glick

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

According to ambivalent sexism theory, sexism combines complementary gender ideologies, held by both men and women worldwide, which serve to justify social hierarchy. This chapter reviews how ... More


Forever FOB?: Resisting and Reproducing the Other in High School ESL

Steven Talmy

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0021
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Employing a conceptual framework informed by theories of cultural production, identity markedness, and linguistic discrimination, this chapter examines how an ESL subject position is locally produced ... More


Introduction

Daniel A. Bell and Wang Pei

in Just Hierarchy: Why Social Hierarchies Matter in China and the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200897
eISBN:
9780691200880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200897.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter argues for the need for hierarchy. It is also important to think about which forms of hierarchy are justified and how they can be made compatible with egalitarian goals. The ... More


Mercenaries and gentlemen

Roger B. Manning

in An Apprenticeship in Arms: The Origins of the British Army 1585-1702

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261499
eISBN:
9780191718625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261499.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Because of lingering prejudices against soldiers of fortune at the beginning of the British and Irish civil wars, Scottish and English aristocrats believed that they possessed the best claim to ... More


Social Hierarchy, Social Conflicts, and Moral Development

Elliot Turiel

in International Perspectives on Youth Conflict and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178425
eISBN:
9780199958528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178425.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter offers a theoretical perspective on social and moral development, relevant to discussions of youth conflict and violence. Rejecting the idea that cultures have singular integrated ... More


Just Hierarchy: Why Social Hierarchies Matter in China and the Rest of the World

Daniel Bell and Wang Pei

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691200897
eISBN:
9780691200880
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691200897.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

All complex and large-scale societies are organized along certain hierarchies, but the concept of hierarchy has become almost taboo in the modern world. This book contends that this stigma is a ... More


Interpersonal Foundations of Ideological Thinking

Curtis D. Hardin, Rick M. Cheung, Michael W. Magee, Steven Noel, and Kasumi Yoshimura

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Building upon research on the social-cognitive foundations of ideological thinking, we argue that allegiance to attitudes that explain and justify the status quo is motivated in part by the human ... More


Economy and Society

DAVID MILLER

in Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter suggests that Hume's social attitudes ought to be understood in relation to the outlook of the 18th-century aristocracy. Hume's ideology was the ideology of an open and progressive ... More


Labour and Lordship

Julia M. H. Smith

in Europe after Rome: A New Cultural History 500-1000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780192892638
eISBN:
9780191670626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192892638.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter argues that regional diversity and change over time were the hallmarks of all early medieval social hierarchies. It begins by exploring slavery and serfdom and the implications of ... More


Identity Registration in the Classical Mediterranean World

Rebecca Flemming

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter provides an analytical survey of identity registration practices (and their absence) across the ancient Mediterranean. The discussion focuses on the citizen census in Republican Rome, ... More


Gangraena as Heresiography

Ann Hughes

in Gangraena and the Struggle for the English Revolution

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251926
eISBN:
9780191719042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251926.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter analyses the structure and methods of Gangraena in relation to the models of anti-heretical writing in the early church and during the Reformation. It compares Edwards’s book to other ... More


Social Dominance Theory and Power Comparison

Robin Bergh, Gregory K. Davis, Sa-kiera T. J. Hudson, and Jim Sidanius

in Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190629113
eISBN:
9780190629137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190629113.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter extends classic social comparison research to explain how people think about group-based hierarchies and how they act within them. People spontaneously compare themselves to others in ... More


Shree Maa of Kamakkhya

Loriliai Biernacki

in The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195145380
eISBN:
9780199849963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145380.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The chapter addresses a particular feature in Shree Maa's life and actions, and analyzes her style of organization, that moves to destabilize the world of social hierarchies that our naming of others ... More


A Survey of the Pay Structure by Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter surveys occupational pay structure in various types of economy, and together with the next chapter (which surveys the changes that have come about in pay structure in the course of ... More


The Inequality of Pay

Henry Phelps Brown

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Why does or why should any one person earn eight times as much as another? The economist's answer relies mainly on supply and demand in the labour market, but the sociologist finds more significance ... More


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