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Subordination, Stress, and Obesity

Ruth Bell, Amina Aitsi-Selmi, and Michael Marmot

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The distribution of obesity in developed countries follows a social gradient. In developing countries, a similar pattern is emerging as national per capita income rises. The epidemiological evidence ... More


Income Inequality and Psychosocial Pathways to Obesity

Kate E. Pickett and Richard G. Wilkinson

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Almost all health and social problems that have social gradients (more common further down the social ladder) are very much more common in societies with bigger income differences between rich and ... More


Introduction

Johannes Siegrist and Michael Marmot

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the inequalities in health. It identifies a social gradient of morbidity and mortality — with each step one moves up on the social ladder, the ... More


Social Determinants of Health

Michael Marmot and Richard Wilkinson (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The health of populations is related to features of society and its social and economic organization. This crucial fact provides the basis for effective policy-making for improving population health. ... More


Introduction

Jonathan Wistow, Tim Blackman, David Byrne, and Gerald Wistow

in Studying health inequalities: An applied approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447305286
eISBN:
9781447312031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305286.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Health inequalities roots are embedded in the deep social structures of modern societies, which have implications for understanding and remedying them. Burawoy’s notions of ‘policy sociology’ (a ... More


The Socioeconomically Disadvantaged

Michael Marmot and Ruth Bell

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter asserts that inequality in the conditions under which people live and work translates into inequalities in health, and that this inequality is unjust. It discusses that socioeconomic ... More


Introduction

Michael Marmot and Richard G. Wilkinson

in Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198565895
eISBN:
9780191723988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565895.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the events leading up to the publication of the first edition of this book. It then discusses the social gradient in health, risk factors ... More


The SES Health Gradient on Both Sides of The Atlantic

James Banks, Michael Marmot, Zoe Oldfield, and James P. Smith

in Developments in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903354
eISBN:
9780226903361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903361.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter investigates the size of health differences that exist among men in England and the United States and how those differences vary by socioeconomic status (SES) in both countries. Three ... More


The social environment and health

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores three main issues related to the analyses of the social gradient in health: correlations, causations, and interventions. Observed correlations between indicators of ... More


Divided We Fall? The Wider Consequences of High and Unrelenting Inequality in the Uk*

Abigail McKnight and Tiffany Tsang

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0028
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Inequality in the UK increased dramatically over the 1980s. Since the early 1990s high levels of inequality have become entrenched and while government policy has had some success in protecting ... More


Conclusions: Learning from Diversity About Increasing Inequality, Its Impacts and Responses?

Brian Nolan, Wiemer Salverda, Daniele Checchi, Ive Marx, Abigail McKnight, István György Tóth, and Herman van de Werfhorst

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0030
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter summarizes key features of 30 country case studies of the evolution of income inequality, of outcomes in the social, cultural, and political realms that might potentially be affected, ... More


France: How Taxation can Increase Inequality

Nicolas Frémeaux and Thomas Piketty

in Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries' Experiences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199687428
eISBN:
9780191767142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687428.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The evolution of inequality in France is specific compared with most OECD countries. Inequality only started to rise at the end of the 1990s after a period of decline during the 1970s and the 1980s. ... More


Impact on Individuals and Households

Markus Haacker

in The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198718048
eISBN:
9780191787461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

On the national level, there is no obvious correlation between GDP per capita or poverty indicators and HIV prevalence, but HIV prevalence is positively correlated with high income inequality ... More


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