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Chapter Chapter Market Innovations to Better Allocate Generational Risk

Salvador Valdés‐Prieto

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Mandatory old-age benefit programs tend to require periodic adjustments as a result of demographic and economic shocks. However, such discretionary adjustments create political risk for workers and ... More


The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Sanjay G. Reddy

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Most poverty and income inequality has deep‐rooted causes that can be removed only by structural (and often slow) interventions, although it is now increasingly evident that structural adjustment, ... More


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Employment

Mark Bell

in Racism and Equality in the European Union

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199297849
eISBN:
9780191711565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297849.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, EU Law

This chapter examines EU law and policy in the field of employment and considers the extent to which they reflect the objectives of combating racism and promoting ethnic equality. It examines EU ... More


The Marginal Social Cost of Public Funds

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In public economics applications, the MCF is frequently used to compute the cost to private surplus of raising an additional dollar of government revenue. One of the most common examples is provided ... More


The Optimal Provision of Public Goods

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government provision of a pure public good is a popular application in public economics because it combines public spending and taxation in a single project. This chapter uses shadow pricing rules ... More


Doorstep moneylending since the 1950s

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explains the success of companies such as Provident Financial and Cattles (both members of the FTSE 250 by the 1990s). Their agents serviced the growing sub-prime sector and ... More


Modes of Governance and Regulatory Techniques

Mark Freedland, Paul Craig, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

in Public Employment Services and European Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233489
eISBN:
9780191716324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter analyses the various instruments that shape and regulate public services in Europe, with a particular focus on those instruments affecting social public services and employment services. ... More


Deficits and Debt

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0026
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In 1978, Japan adopted the new System of National Accounts (SNA) which it integrates five major consumption accounts of the national economy, of which the income and outlay accounts for various ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


From Humanitarian Assistance to Poverty Reduction in Angola

MÁrio Adauta De sousa, Tony Addison, BjÖrn Ekman, and Åsa Stenman

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how to focus public policy on poverty reduction during wartime and in peace. It begins by discussing poverty and income inequality in Angola. It then discusses the need for ... More


The cost of care if you don’t own your home

Glenda Roberts

in Local Authorities and the Social Determinants of Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447356233
eISBN:
9781447356271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447356233.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter addresses the complex set of issues when a person does not own their home. It has been acknowledged and debated for a long time that the social care funding system is not fit for ... More


Social and employment policies in Europe from a multilevel perspective

Katharina Zimmermann

in Local Policies and the European Social Fund: Employment Policies across Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447346517
eISBN:
9781447346555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447346517.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 2 discusses the characteristics of and the relationship between European and local social and employment policies. It starts with an overview on EU cohesion policy and characterises the ESF ... More


A New Era of Church-State Cooperation

in God's Economy: Faith-Based Initiatives and the Caring State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226134833
eISBN:
9780226134857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226134857.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In 1996, the U.S. Congress passed a set of provisions known as “charitable choice,” part of the landmark welfare reform bill signed by President Bill Clinton that year. Charitable choice allowed ... More


Beyond numbers: Using case study insights to support interpretation

Katharina Zimmermann

in Local Policies and the European Social Fund: Employment Policies Across Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447346517
eISBN:
9781447346555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447346517.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 7 takes up the formal results from chapter 6 on the contextual settings behind the three response-patterns and discusses them in light of case-knowledge. Here, more in-depth insights on the ... More


Changing the Rules of the Game to Build the European Economy

Jason Beckfield

in Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190494254
eISBN:
9780190494292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494254.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Economic Sociology

This chapter describes the development of the European political economy since the 1957 Rome treaty. It uses econometric and historical case evidence to build the argument that European integration ... More


Services and Surveillance: Welfare, the Police, and the Algerian War

Amelia H. Lyons

in The Civilizing Mission in the Metropole: Algerian Families and the French Welfare State during Decolonization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804784214
eISBN:
9780804787147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784214.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter analyzes the expansion of welfare services after the Fourth Republic collapsed in 1958 and De Gaulle implemented a two-pronged solution to the Algerian war. Alongside the expansion of ... More


The Great “Hope”: Housing Algerian Families at the Height of the Algerian War

Amelia H. Lyons

in The Civilizing Mission in the Metropole: Algerian Families and the French Welfare State during Decolonization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804784214
eISBN:
9780804787147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784214.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Chapter 6 examines housing policy for Algerians at the end of the war. First, it analyzes the 1959 decision to “liquidate” the bidonvilles. Clearing these shantytowns required a massive investment in ... More


What responses under what conditions? Formal qualitative comparative analyses and preliminary interpretations

Katharina Zimmermann

in Local Policies and the European Social Fund: Employment Policies Across Europe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447346517
eISBN:
9781447346555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447346517.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter 6 unravels the contextual conditions enabling the three different response-patterns – 1) no usage, no change. 2) usage without change, and 3) usage and change – described in the previous ... More


What Right Looks Like: The National Social Security Fund

William J. Norris

in Chinese Economic Statecraft: Commercial Actors, Grand Strategy, and State Control

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454493
eISBN:
9781501704031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454493.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) as a potential instrument of Chinese economic statecraft. More specifically, it considers the factors that make the NSSF unlikely to be ... More


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