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Truth in Reputation: Accuracy and Validity

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses a central feature in most definitions of reputation-the content claims about attributes of the person. The truth of these claims entails two issues: first, the accuracy of the ... More


Nature and Task of the Sociological Enterprise

Gianfranco Piggo

in Durkheim

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198780878
eISBN:
9780191695391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198780878.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explains how Durkheim constructed and justified his life's project: the development of a new, scientifically grounded understanding of social reality. It considers his published book, ... More


The Model of Social Facts

Benjamin C. Zipursky

in Hart’s Postscript: Essays on the Postscript to ‘The Concept of Law’

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299080
eISBN:
9780191685606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299080.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter comments on Ronald Dworkin's criticism on Herbert Hart's model of rules in his The Concept of Law. It argues that despite evidence that Hart adhered to a model of social facts, his ... More


Creativity as a social fact

Simon Frith

in Musical Imaginations: Multidisciplinary perspectives on creativity, performance and perception

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568086
eISBN:
9780191731044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568086.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

For a sociologist the ‘question of creativity’ is not why some people are creative and others not, nor how we can develop and encourage creativity in everyone, nor even what sort of mental processes ... More


How to Hold the Social Fact Thesis: A Reply to Greenberg and Toh 1

Barbara Baum Levenbook

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 2

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199679829
eISBN:
9780191760051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679829.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter first sketches and criticizes Greenberg's argument against a metaphysical version of the social fact thesis. It argues that Greenberg jumps to conclusions about the tenability of an ... More


Introduction: The Path to Transformation

Katharine G. Young

in Constituting Economic and Social Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199641932
eISBN:
9780191746086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641932.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter introduces the conceptual framework of constituting rights, as a way to address the challenges of pluralism, of law-making by collectivities and of law-making by counter-majoritarian ... More


Social cohesion

Bryan Fanning

in Integration and Social Cohesion in the Republic of Ireland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719084782
eISBN:
9781781702215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719084782.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores ideological, normative, and empirical claims about social cohesion that have a bearing on Irish responses to immigration. It draws on Emile Durkheim's classic sociological ... More


Institutional Facts and Institutions

Raimo Tuomela

in Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199978267
eISBN:
9780199367788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199978267.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, General

The chapter creates a theory of group-social facts and social institutions relying on the we-mode approach and the notion of collective “pattern-governed” behavior. The central notion in this account ... More


The New Truth of Historical Knowledge: Liberty, Order, and the Rise of the Social Fact, 1797–1848

Carolina Armenteros

in The French Idea of History: Joseph de Maistre and His Heirs, 1794-1854

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449437
eISBN:
9780801462597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449437.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines Considérations sur la France, the pamphlet that popularized the tenets of the essays on Rousseau. According to it, facts are loci of social production and historical generation, ... More


Introduction

John Finnis

in Philosophy of Law: Collected Essays Volume IV

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580088
eISBN:
9780191729409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580088.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This introductory chapter discusses the ‘positivist’ ambition to consider law simply as a kind of social fact to be described, and the corresponding ‘social-fact sources thesis’. Any such ... More


Approaches to Law in Society

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

There are several ways of examining law in society. Such disciplinary approaches would include a historical approach, a political science approach, an economic approach, and approaches from other ... More


Legal Reasons, Sources, and Gaps *

Joseph Raz

in The authority of law: Essays on law and morality

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198253457
eISBN:
9780191681400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198253457.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores the consequences of the legal positivism which regards law as created by social sources so that the existence and content of legal systems can be determined on the basis of ... More


Educating Judges and Juries about Masculinities

Ann C. McGinley

in Masculinity at Work: Employment Discrimination through a Different Lens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780814796139
eISBN:
9780814764329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796139.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

Based on the social science research on implicit bias, this chapter argues that leaving judges and juries to resort to their common sense in determining the causes for human behavior in employment ... More


The Work of Intelligence

Milo Jones and Philippe Silberzahn

in Constructing Cassandra: Reframing Intelligence Failure at the CIA, 1947-2001

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785808
eISBN:
9780804787154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785808.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter starts by making the case that intelligence work is best viewed as a problem of the sociology of knowledge. Expanding on this insight, the chapter introduces the book's theoretical ... More


Ascertaining Social Fact

Arunabh Ghosh

in Making It Count: Statistics and Statecraft in the Early People’s Republic of China

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691179476
eISBN:
9780691199214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179476.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the theoretical and ideological justification of socialist statistical work. It also provides an assessment of Soviet technical aid and introduces the Soviet statistical ... More


Role honorifics

Elin McCready

in The Semantics and Pragmatics of Honorification: Register and Social Meaning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198821366
eISBN:
9780191860706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821366.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter considers a kind of honorific which doesn't directly reference register: rather, it introduces a predication of a property which is relevant to social status or formality as a result of ... More


Two Kinds of Individualism

Brian Epstein

in The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199381104
eISBN:
9780199381128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381104.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses claims about the relation of individuals to the social world. There are two distinct kinds of individualism, which are often conflated. One is “anchor individualism”—a claim ... More


Constructing the EU as a Social Fact

Kathleen R. McNamara

in The Politics of Everyday Europe: Constructing Authority in the European Union

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198716235
eISBN:
9780191784897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716235.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter first outlines the importance of “cultural infrastructure” in legitimating political authority. After explaining what culture is not, the chapter argues that we should understand culture ... More


Pronouns and honorification

Elin McCready

in The Semantics and Pragmatics of Honorification: Register and Social Meaning

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198821366
eISBN:
9780191860706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821366.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses honorific pronouns in Thai and Japanese. It is argued that Thai honorific first and second person pronouns directly refer to discourse registers, which has empoirical ... More


Putting the “We” in “We’re Number One”: Mascots, Team, and Community Identity

Erin C. Tarver

in The I in Team: Sports Fandom and the Reproduction of Identity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226469935
eISBN:
9780226470276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470276.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Partisan sports fans use their fandom to cultivate and reproduce their own identities as members of a larger, socially significant community—as an “I” who is part of a specific “we.” Yet, the “we” of ... More


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