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Political and Social Games Corporations Play

Masahiko Aoki

in Corporations in Evolving Diversity: Cognition, Governance, and Institutional Rules

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199218530
eISBN:
9780191711510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218530.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

This chapter formulates political-exchange and social-exchange games that corporations and their stakeholders play along with other agents in society. Multiple equilibria of the political exchange ... More


Justice as Social Self Control

Tom R. Tyler

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the idea of justice from a self-control perspective. It argues that justice involves socially shared rules whose function is to facilitate people's efforts to manage social ... More


Milieus for Discourse and Deliberation

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter breaks new ground in showing how early chambers were intimately involved in commercial coffee house, exchanges and other initiatives to providing meeting places and drop-in facilities ... More


Social and Environmental Exchanges

Durreen Shahnaz, Robert Kraybill, and Lester M. Salamon

in New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and New Actors that Are Reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199357543
eISBN:
9780199381425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357543.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the operation of stock-exchange-type mechanisms for achieving social and environmental purposes. Included are climate exchanges such as the Chicago Climate Exchange and the ... More


The Origins of Homicide

Joshua D. Duntley and David M. Buss

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Why people kill their fellow human beings is a question whose answer has thus far eluded a comprehensive scientific explanation. This chapter describes homicide adaptation theory, a recent ... More


The Exchange Economy?

Paul Sillitoe

in From Land to Mouth: The Agricultural "Economy" of the Wola of the New Guinea Highlands

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300142266
eISBN:
9780300162950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300142266.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter looks at the exchange economy in the Was Valley, where it touches upon the presence of scarcity not in land, capital, and labor, but in items that are in short supply (e.g. diamonds). It ... More


Domain-Specific Reasoning: Social Contracts and Cheating Detection

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter first introduces the challenge of domain specificity and then applies a domain-specific theory for a specific adaptive problem, social exchange, to a reasoning task that has puzzled ... More


Social Learning: A Route to Good Cue Orders

Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Masanori Takezawa, Jan K. Woike, and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Inferences are often based on uncertain cues, and the accuracy of such inferences depends on the order in which the cues are searched. Previous experimental and theoretical research has shown that ... More


Like a sister: Women and friendship

ANNE CAMPBELL

in A Mind Of Her Own: The Evolutionary Psychology of Women

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198504986
eISBN:
9780191584879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504986.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Women's friendship differs both quantitatively and qualitatively from that of men and is deeply enigmatic for evolutionary theory. The kinds of friendships that men and women prefer correspond to an ... More


Scouting Philanthropy’s New Frontier I: New Actors

Lester M. Salamon

in Leverage for Good: An Introduction to the New Frontiers of Philanthropy and Social Investment

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199376520
eISBN:
9780199377633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199376520.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

A wide assortment of new actors have taken their place on the new frontiers of philanthropy and social investment. Some of these are financial institutions such as capital aggregators, social ... More


The Evolution of a Sense of Morality

Dennis L. Krebs

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Refinements in Darwin's theory of the origin of morality create a framework equipped to organize and integrate relevant contemporary theory and research. Morality originated in social instincts or ... More


Identity and Exchange: Person Identities and Power Use

Scott V. Savage and Jan E. Stets

in New Directions in Identity Theory and Research

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190457532
eISBN:
9780190627157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457532.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

According to identity theory, social structure influences the identities individuals will invoke in a situation. Once invoked, these identities guide behavior. Despite acknowledging the importance of ... More


The Social Exchange

Philip Allott

in Eunomia: New Order for a New World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199244935
eISBN:
9780191697418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244935.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on the exchange of social energy which creates society as a structure and a system within consciousness. Society creates itself by transforming natural power into social power in ... More


The emergence of collective emotions in social exchange

Edward J. Lawler, Shane R. Thye, and Jeongkoo Yoon

in Collective Emotions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199659180
eISBN:
9780191772238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659180.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Do collective emotions play a role in social exchange relations? Social exchange theories adopt instrumental, individualist assumptions about social relations. Relations form and are maintained to ... More


Inheritance

John W. Cole and Eric R. Wolf

in The Hidden Frontier: Ecology and Ethnicity in an Alpine Valley

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520216815
eISBN:
9780520922174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520216815.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the inheritance process, those mechanisms which operate ecologically and socially to divide available resources among possible claimants. It examines the ideology of ... More


Theorizing housework as an example of power dynamics

Shannon N. Davis and Theodore N. Greenstein

in Why Who Cleans Counts: What Housework Tells Us about American Family Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336747
eISBN:
9781447336792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336747.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

In Chapter 2 of the book we provide a review of the theoretical and empirical scholarship that has studied housework and document how power dynamics have been integral to both strands of scholarship. ... More


Building the social finance infrastructure

Rodney Schwartz, Clare Jones, and Alex Nicholls

in Social Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198703761
eISBN:
9780191773013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703761.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter explores the emerging infrastructure supporting the social finance market. It first establishes the wider background for the subsequent discussion by discussing in detail the basic ... More


Great War and the Remaking of Palestine

Salim Tamari

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520291256
eISBN:
9780520965102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291256.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This rich history of Palestine in the last decade of the Ottoman Empire reveals the nation emerging as a cultural entity engaged in a vibrant intellectual, political, and social exchange of ideas and ... More


Dynamic Facial Signaling: A Dialog between Brains

David A. Leopold

in Dynamic Faces: Insights from Experiments and Computation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014533
eISBN:
9780262289313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014533.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines neural mechanisms underlying dynamic face perception and also discusses several neural challenges, including the development of the methods for studying the neural mechanisms of ... More


Behavioral perspectives

John Child, David Faulkner, Stephen Tallman, and Linda Hsieh

in Cooperative Strategy: Managing Alliances and Networks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198814634
eISBN:
9780191852374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814634.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Chapter 4 presents behavioral perspectives relevant to cooperative strategy. These perspectives are relational signaling theory, attention-based view, justice theory, and sociological views (social ... More


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