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How postdispersal social environment may influence acoustic variation in birdsong

David E. Gammon

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter assesses the potential for postdispersal environments to influence song structure in the fee-bee of black-capped chickadees. This call is remarkably stereotyped throughout much of the ... More


TV Drama in China

Ying Zhu, Michael Keane, and Ruoyun Bai (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099401
eISBN:
9789882207646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099401.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

This collection of essays brings together the first study of TV drama in China. Examining the production, distribution, and consumption of TV drama, the team of contributors demonstrate why it ... More


The health environment

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199237814
eISBN:
9780191717215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237814.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses some key policy options for reducing the negative impacts of an unhealthy environment, as well as some challenges involved when attempting to reduce social causes of ill ... More


Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, and Herbert Gintis (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book is the result of a collaborative effort by eleven anthropologists and six economists, and questions the motives that underlie the ways that humans interact socially, and whether these are ... More


Measurement and design for life course studies of the social environment and its impact on health

Barbara Maughan and Michael Wadsworth

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses issues in the measurement of the social environment, and in the interpretation of health-environment associations, in life course studies. It differentiates measures of ... More


Bisexuality in a House of Mirrors: Multiple Reflections, Multiple Identities

Paula C. Rodríguez Rust

in The Story of Sexual Identity: Narrative Perspectives on the Gay and Lesbian Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195326789
eISBN:
9780199870356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326789.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter uses the concept of identity as a narrative product to explore the microconstructive processes that bisexual individuals go through as they move among the various social and cultural ... More


Epidemiology Expands: Germs, Genes, and the (Social) Environment (1900–1950)

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 4 encompasses the first half of the 20th century, whose contending epidemiologic theories of disease distribution newly grappled with germs, genes, and the (social) environment. The chapter ... More


The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

David M. Buss and Patricia H. Hawley (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the raw material upon which selection operates, this book provides theories and empirical evidence which suggest that personality and individual ... More


Biological Pathways Linking the Social Environment, Development, and Health

Clyde Hertzman and John Frank

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by presenting an overview of current knowledge regarding the biological pathways by which socioeconomic, psychosocial, and developmental experiences affect human biology over the ... More


Understanding Technological Progress

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows which factors on the aggregate level help determine the propensity of a member of a society to invent, and which factors make others want to adopt his or her inventions. It ... More


Car Parking as a Game Between Simple Heuristics

John M. C. Hutchinson, Carola Fanselow, and Peter M. Todd

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0133
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Selecting a parking space is a sequential-search problem, with the pattern of spaces available to search determined by where others have parked. Earlier optimality models of parking ignored this ... More


Role of Geography in Inequalities in Health and Human Development

James R. Dunn, Katherine L. Frohlich, Nancy Ross, Lori J. Curtis, and Claudia Sanmartin

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While the empirical evidence for the effect of geography on health is compelling, to make further progress it is necessary to revisit the scientific basis for asking questions about the influence of ... More


Not Just Deaf or Hard of Hearing

Irene W. Leigh

in A Lens on Deaf Identities

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195320664
eISBN:
9780199864584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320664.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The ethnic dimension received scant attention until demographic statistics highlighted the ethnic changes taking place in educational programs serving deaf children and youth. The process of ... More


Rationality: Why Social Context Matters

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195153729
eISBN:
9780199849222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195153729.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Social rationality is a specific form of ecological rationality, one in which the environment consists of other humans. The program of social rationality explains human judgment and decision making ... More


Implementation: the Legal and Social Environment

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

While the first step in the implementation process involves analysing the architecture and structure of law, the second step involves looking into the social environment around the said architecture. ... More


Determinants of the HIV pandemic in developing countries

Eileen Stillwaggon

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is no coincidence that the highest prevalence of HIV and the highest rates of increase in HIV infection are in countries with a myriad of other problems. The majority of people living with HIV and ... More


Adolescent Smoking and the Media

Roger J.R. Levesque

in Adolescents, Media, and the Law: What developmental science reveals and free speech requires

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195320442
eISBN:
9780199893782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320442.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter first examines the media's smoking images and their potential effects. It then moves to understand how the media affects adolescents' smoking, place smoking in the context of adolescent ... More


Inclusive housing

Caroline Holland and Sheila M. Peace

in Inclusive housing in an ageing society: Innovative approaches

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342638
eISBN:
9781447302582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342638.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Inclusive housing allows individuals to take part fully in their preferred mode of life. This chapter discusses the concept of inclusive housing: what it means, what it implies, and what it demands. ... More


Age-friendly rural communities

Jacquie Eales, Janice Keefe, and Norah Keating

in Rural ageing: A good place to grow old?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349019
eISBN:
9781447303299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349019.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter examines the age-friendly communities that can be found in the rural areas in Canada. The first section is on the ‘resources’ approach and the ‘best fit’ approach that are used to ... More


The Reception of Law

D. J. GALLIGAN

in Law in Modern Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291830
eISBN:
9780191700675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291830.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The reception of law refers to the process of drawing ideas that involve law as a system of rules, the social context of rules, the acceptance and variability of law, social spheres, and other such ... More


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