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Incentives Then and Now: The Clock and the Engineer

Ruth W. Grant

in Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151601
eISBN:
9781400839742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151601.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter presents a historical account of the use of the term “incentives” and of the introduction of incentives in scientific management and behavioral psychology. “Incentives” came into the ... More


 Fashioning Freedom

Ann E. Cudd

in Analyzing Oppression

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on overcoming oppression, focusing on how women can liberate themselves. Topics discussed include the two senses of freedom, breaking the vicious cycle of oppression, two serious ... More


Conclusion: William Petty's Political Science

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

The conclusion draws together several of the main themes of the book, arguing that political arithmetic can only be understood properly from the manuscripts he circulated in his lifetime, and in the ... More


Introduction

Robert B. Louden

in The World We Want: How and Why the Ideals of the Enlightenment Still Elude Us

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195321371
eISBN:
9780199869787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321371.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of Enlightenment philosophers, and how their strategies overlapped with and differed from “piecemeal social engineering”. The purpose of the book is ... More


Creating Party Cadres

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Party and Securitate cadres who implemented collectivization, describing aspects of their recruitment, their work, and their life as activists. Party cadres had the task ... More


The Role of Science

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes the social sciences. Unlike the natural sciences, the social sciences are inevitably statistical. When documenting human behavior, for example, they can at most claim that a ... More


Consumer Engineers and the Transnational Origins of Consumer Capitalism

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The making of consumer capitalism was informed by transnational transfers and transatlantic exchanges in ways that have been largely overlooked by historians. A surprising number of mid 20th-century ... More


The Origins of “Consumer Engineering”: Interwar Consumer Capitalism in Transatlantic Perspective

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter first contextualizes the notion of “consumer engineering” within broader developments in interwar marketing and mass consumption. The impact of marketing innovations in styling and ... More


From Social Policy to Social Engineering, 1870–1933

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses social engineering as the most spectacular attempt of Jews to solve socioeconomic problems. The most familiar example of Jewish social engineering was the Zionist project that, ... More


English in Singapore: Modernity and Management

Lisa Lim, Anne Pakir, and Lionel Wee (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028436
eISBN:
9789882206939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028436.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This collection is the seventh volume in the Asian Englishes Today series. Singapore makes an interesting case study of various issues in socio-linguistics, not least because it is an ethnically and ... More


William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Ted McCormick

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

William Petty (1623–1687) was a founding figure in the history of social science, an architect of English colonial power in Ireland, and a champion of the new empirical and mechanical philosophy at ... More


The Commercialization of Social Engineering? Adapting Radical Design Reform to American Mass Marketing

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces both the inevitable conflicts between radical design visions and corporate America and the surprising degree to which interwar European reform traditions in design informed ... More


The Power of Creativity

Bernard Cooke

in Power and the Spirit of God: Toward an Experience-Based Pneumatology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195174519
eISBN:
9780199835119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174518.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Though creation in the strict sense is beyond humans’ power, they can approximate it to a limited extent by what is known as ‘creativity’. Through inventiveness and artistic production, humans can ... More


Broadcasting and New Technologies: The Case of Japan

Michael Tracey

in The Decline and Fall of Public Service Broadcasting

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159254
eISBN:
9780191673573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159254.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The immediate post-war development of broadcasting in Japan had to be viewed against the vast project in social engineering which was otherwise known as the Occupation. So today one has to look at ... More


The Soviet Blueprint

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the Soviet blueprint, which established the technology of collectivization that East European leaders followed, with variations, during the 1950s. As the first country in the ... More


Corpuscles, Colonies and Kingdoms

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter looks at how Petty developed his political arithmetic in manuscript from the later 1670s to his death in 1687, focusing on his treatment of the problem of maintaining settler populations ... More


Shariʿa and Social Engineering

R. Michael Feener

in Shariʿa and Social Engineering: The Implementation of Islamic Law in Contemporary Aceh, Indonesia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199678846
eISBN:
9780191758072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678846.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This final chapter builds on the empirical data presented in the chapters that precede it to develop a more sustained discussion of the idea of Shariʿa as a tool of social engineering in contemporary ... More


The Transmutation of the Irish

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter examines Petty's first articulation of political arithmetic (and the related concept of ‘political anatomy’) in the early 1670s. Examining Petty's manuscripts in light of his ... More


Migrations: The Career of British White Australia

Eric Richards

in Australia’s Empire

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199563739
eISBN:
9780191701894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563739.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter argues that the migration from Britain was the unquestioned assumption of Australia’s Empire. The migrations of Australia were achieved in the context of much wider diasporic movements ... More


Stalinist Repression, Modernity, and the Social Engineering Argument

David Shearer

in The Anatomy of Terror: Political Violence under Stalin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199655663
eISBN:
9780191757518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655663.003.0007
Subject:
History, Political History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the mass operations, and distinguishes those from other repressive operations, such as party, state, military, and nationality purges during the late 1930s. It makes sense of ... More


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