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Social dominance and fitness in black-capped chickadees

Laurene Ratcliffe, Daniel J. Mennill, and Kristin A. Schubert

in Ecology and Behavior of Chickadees and Titmice: an integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569992
eISBN:
9780191717802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569992.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter examines the naturally- and sexually-selected consequences of social rank in a population of black-capped chickadees studied for over a decade in eastern Ontario, Canada. The discussion ... More


A Dual Process Motivational Model of Ideological Attitudes and System Justification

John Duckitt and Chris G. Sibley

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews recent theory and research on the dual-process cognitive-motivational model of ideology and prejudice. Consistent with a dual-process model perspective, the chapter argues that ... More


Dominance Criteria for Critical‐Level Generalized Utilitarianism *

Alain Trannoy and John A. Weymark

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Social welfare dominance criteria based on critical-level generalized utilitarian social welfare functions are investigated in this chapter. An analogue of a generalized Lorenz curve called a ... More


The Role of Competition and Cooperation in Shaping Personality: An Evolutionary Perspective on Social Dominance, Machiavellianism, and Children’s Social Development

Patricia H. Hawley

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter attempts to describe and explain children's social and personality development through an evolutionary lense. It begins by briefly outlining the modern history of evolution and ... More


Social Dominance of Knights

Richard W. Kaeuper

in Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244584
eISBN:
9780191697388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244584.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter argues that the fundamental bond of prowess and honour is strengthened by an assertion of high status. The commendation given to chivalry can be understood without recognizing its bonds ... More


Zoon Politicon: The Evolutionary Roots of Human Sociopolitical Systems

Herbert Gintis and Carel van Schaik

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Our primate ancestors evolved a complex sociopolitical order based on a social dominance hierarchy in multi-male/multi-female groups. The emergence of bipedalism and cooperative breeding in the ... More


Social Dominance Theory and Power Comparison

Robin Bergh, Gregory K. Davis, Sa-kiera T. J. Hudson, and Jim Sidanius

in Social Comparison, Judgment, and Behavior

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190629113
eISBN:
9780190629137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190629113.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter extends classic social comparison research to explain how people think about group-based hierarchies and how they act within them. People spontaneously compare themselves to others in ... More


Entitlement’s Enablers: Peers and Popular Culture

Kristin J. Anderson

in Enraged, Rattled, and Wronged: Entitlement's Response to Social Progress

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197578438
eISBN:
9780197578469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197578438.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 further explores the development of entitlement. This chapter is divided into two parts as it considers two areas of developmental influence: the peer group and mass media. The chapter ... More


How People Understand Democracy: A Social Dominance Approach

Besir Ceka and Pedro C. Magalhães

in How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766902
eISBN:
9780191821141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766902.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

What does “democracy” mean to people? Do different individuals hold different views about what democracy is or should be? What explains those differences? This chapter looks into these questions and ... More


Obedient Authoritarians or Lay Darwinists?: Ideological Motivations of Genocide

Michał Bilewicz

in Confronting Humanity at its Worst: Social Psychological Perspectives on Genocide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780190685942
eISBN:
9780190086060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685942.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the role of ideology in genocides, beyond the traditional conservatism–liberalism distinction. This chapter analyzes ideological views in greater detail by reviewing ... More


Interaction, Negotiation, and Learning

John M. McNamara and Olof Leimar

in Game Theory in Biology: concepts and frontiers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815778
eISBN:
9780191853456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815778.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many social interactions are extended over time, with sequences of decisions by the participating individuals. An interaction can include negotiation between partners as well as learning about each ... More


White Resolve

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

As implied by the statement made by William Watts Ball—editor of The State—World War I signified hope not only for the African American reformers in South Carolina but also for the whites who saw ... More


Reward

Dan P. McAdams

in The Strange Case of Donald J. Trump: A Psychological Reckoning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780197507445
eISBN:
9780197507476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197507445.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

“Reward” explores the personality trait of extraversion in the life of Donald Trump. The chapter begins with an evolutionary account of extraversion’s powerful role in human groups, as a personality ... More


Losing Face and Sinking Costs

Jonathan Renshon

in Fighting for Status: Hierarchy and Conflict in World Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691174501
eISBN:
9781400885343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174501.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the behavioral microfoundations of status dissatisfaction theory by conducting two simultaneously fielded experiments in which status concerns were randomly assigned prior to an ... More


What Is Moral Grandstanding?

Justin Tosi and Brandon Warmke

in Grandstanding: The Use and Abuse of Moral Talk

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190900151
eISBN:
9780190900182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190900151.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Drawing on empirical research from psychology, this chapter gives an account of moral grandstanding. Grandstanding is a contribution to public moral discourse that is significantly motivated by the ... More


Learning in Large Worlds

John M. McNamara and Olof Leimar

in Game Theory in Biology: concepts and frontiers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815778
eISBN:
9780191853456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815778.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The chapter introduces reinforcement learning in game-theory models. A distinction is made between small-worlds models with Bayesian updating and large-worlds models that implement specific ... More


Definitions—The Form and Function of Relational Aggression

Jamie M. Ostrov, Sarah J. Blakely-McClure, Kristin J. Perry, and Kimberly E. Kamper-DeMarco

in The Development of Relational Aggression

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190491826
eISBN:
9780190491840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190491826.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the definitions of relational aggression and other subtypes of aggression that are often studied in the developmental sciences. Specifically, definitions of relational, physical, ... More


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