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Health Difference, Disparity, Inequality, or Inequity—What Difference Does It Make What We Call It?: An Approach to Conceptualizing and Measuring Health Inequalities and Health Equity

Paula Braveman

in Understanding Health Inequalities and Justice: Bridging Perspectives for New Conversations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469630359
eISBN:
9781469630373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469630359.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Over the past two and a half decades, distinct approaches have been taken to defining and measuring health inequalities or disparities and health equity. Some efforts have focused on technical issues ... More


What Difference Does a Difference Make?: Societal Privilege, Disadvantage, and Discord in Human Relationships

Beverly Greene

in Diversity in Human Interactions: The Tapestry of America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143904
eISBN:
9780199848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143904.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Discrepancies in social power may be understood as representations of social privilege and social disadvantage. It is the need to deny the existence and meaning of those power differentials that is ... More


Introduction and overview

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides an overview of three of the main forms of social disadvantage — poverty, deprivation, and exclusion. It discusses what these terms mean, how we think about them, how we measure ... More


Cash and care: Policy challenges in the welfare state

Caroline Glendinning and Peter A. Kemp (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348562
eISBN:
9781447301615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348562.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Recent social trends and policy developments have called into question the divide between the provision of income support and social care services. This book examines this in light of key trends. It ... More


Understanding disability: from ‘personal tragedy’ to social disadvantage

Laura Hemingway

in Disabled people and housing: Choices, opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428066
eISBN:
9781447302094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428066.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter provides an overview of key debates in discussions around approaches to understanding disability. It points to the shift in thinking about what constitutes ‘disability’, from an ... More


Conclusions and implications

Peter Saunders

in Down and out: Poverty and exclusion in Australia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428394
eISBN:
9781447302155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the main implications of the findings for research and policy, where it argues that better data are needed to gain a more complete understanding of the nature of deprivation and ... More


Child Labour: A Public Health Perspective

Anaclaudia Gastal Fassa, David L. Parker, and Thomas J. Scanlon (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199558582
eISBN:
9780191594397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558582.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Child labour constitutes a major public health concern, with estimates that worldwide 110 million children aged 57–14 years are engaged in labour that can be described as hazardous or intolerable. ... More


Fair Resource Allocation in Clinical Care for Socially Disadvantaged Groups and Health Disparity Populations: Issues and Strategies

Irene Dankwa-Mullan, Paula Y. Goodwin, and Matthew Wynia

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of what constitutes fair allocation of limited resources when providing clinical care for socially disadvantaged patient groups such as racial and ethnic ... More


Past and Present: Women's Work

Sandra Fredman

in Women and the Law

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198763239
eISBN:
9780191695216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198763239.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter traces the patterns of social disadvantage of women from the industrial revolution to the present, focusing on the family and public sphere. It examines the nature of women's work and ... More


Transport poverty and urban mobility

Roberto Palacin, Geoff Vigar, and Sean Peacock

in Justice and Fairness in the City: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to 'Ordinary' Cities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447318385
eISBN:
9781447318408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318385.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter focuses on the concept of fairness in the city in the context of transport and mobility. It particularly explores the exacerbation of the inequalities in mobility and accessibility as a ... More


Youth poverty and social exclusion in the UK

Eldin Fahmy

in Youth Marginality in Britain: Contemporary Studies of Austerity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447330523
eISBN:
9781447330578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447330523.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Eldin Fahmy examines the nature, extent and social distribution of youth deprivation and social exclusion amongst 16-29 year olds living in Britain. He explores our understanding of youth marginality ... More


New Labour and adolescent disadvantage: a retrospective

Rikki Dean and Moira Wallace

Catherine Needham, Elke Heins, and James Rees (eds)

in Social Policy Review 30: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2018

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447349990
eISBN:
9781447350026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349990.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Labour invested significant public expenditure and policy effort in trying to remedy multi-dimensional problems of adolescent disadvantage. The effects were intended to be long-term and ... More


Conclusions

Lucinda Platt and Hartley Dean

in Social Advantage and Disadvantage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198737070
eISBN:
9780191800597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737070.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter argues that, while there is a wealth of analysis on poverty and exclusion, a more complete analysis is to be found by looking across the spectrum of advantage and disadvantage. Such a ... More


Community Organising Against Racism: Race', Ethnicity and Community Development

Gary Craig (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447333746
eISBN:
9781447333791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333746.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This book blends theory and practice-based case studies to review how different community development approaches can empower minority ethnic communities to confront racism and overcome social, ... More


Access to support

Richard Olsen and Harriet Clarke

in Parenting and disability: Disabled parents' experiences of raising children

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343642
eISBN:
9781447302902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343642.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter addresses the issue of support, focusing primarily on the barriers that a lot of disabled parents can face when accessing support in raising children. It presents the argument that the ... More


Financial considerations: income, affordability and risk assessment

Laura Hemingway

in Disabled people and housing: Choices, opportunities and barriers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428066
eISBN:
9781447302094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428066.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Financial factors are extremely significant in the housing and disability relationship, yet these have been relatively overlooked in UK research. This chapter looks at this, from factors arising from ... More


Parents’ perceptions of their child’s health

Roberto J. Rona and Susan Chinn

in The National Study of Health and Growth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192629197
eISBN:
9780191723612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192629197.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter looks at a study of several parental concerns related to their child's health. The study showed that 2.8% of the children were considered food intolerant. A report of food intolerance in ... More


Social Advantage and Disadvantage

Hartley Dean and Lucinda Platt (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198737070
eISBN:
9780191800597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737070.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Social advantage and disadvantage are potent catch-all terms. They have no established definition but, considered in relation to one another, they can embrace a wide variety of more specific concepts ... More


Hungover In the Virtual Pub: Power and Identity Online

Kendall Lori

in Hanging Out in the Virtual Pub: Masculinities and Relationships Online

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230361
eISBN:
9780520935983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230361.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents a summary analysis of identity and power on BlueSky. Researchers critically claim that online interaction is more egalitarian or even that it subverts offline hierarchies. As ... More


Minority Overrepresentation: On Causes and Partial Cures

Franklin E. Zimring

in Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479816873
eISBN:
9781479863402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479816873.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the overrepresentation of disadvantaged racial and ethnic minorities in the courtrooms and detention cells of American juvenile justice. Throughout the world, the poor and ... More


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