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The Governance of Explorative Knowledge Production

Margit Osterloh and Antoinette Weibel

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The generation of new knowledge is crucial for a firm's competitive advantage. This chapter analyses explorative knowledge production in teams as a social dilemma. Such social dilemmas can to some ... More


Self-Control in Groups

John M. Levine, Kira Alexander, and Thomas Hansen

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews theoretical and empirical work on self-regulation at the group level of analysis. We examine how groups exert control over their members and how members respond to these control ... More


Global Environmental Problems, Voluntary Action, and Government Intervention

Andries Richter and Daan van Soest

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The global community faces several very pressing environmental challenges such as climate change, depletion of the high-sea fisheries, and unprecedented rates of biodiversity loss. Governments are in ... More


The Evolution of Altruism in Humans

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter focuses on the evolution of altruism in humans. Following William Hamilton, it uses the term “helping” to describe behaviors that confer benefits on others and reserves the term ... More


Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Paul A.M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Reward and punishment is a classic theme in research on social dilemmas. More recently, it has received considerable attention from scientists working in various disciplines such as economics, ... More


Liabilities

C. Daniel Batson

in Altruism in Humans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341065
eISBN:
9780199894222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341065.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter considers the liabilities of empathy-induced altruism following roughly the same sequence as in Chapter 7—first, liabilities for individuals in need, then for groups in need, and ... More


Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas: An Introduction

Paul A. M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

While the social dilemma literature has addressed reward and punishment (or sanctioning) for several decades, we have witnessed an enormous growth in research on reward and punishment in social ... More


How (and When) Reward and Punishment Promote Cooperation: An Interdependence Theoretical Perspective

Daniel Balliet and Paul A. M. Van Lange

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Prior research finds that both rewards and punishment promote cooperation in social dilemmas. The chapter discusses an interdependence theoretical perspective on understanding the proximate ... More


Broadening the Motivation to Cooperate: Revisiting the Role of Sanctions in Social Dilemmas

Xiao-Ping Chen, Carolyn T. Dang, and Fong Keng-Highberger

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Previous research examining the effects of sanctioning in social dilemmas have found that while they are effective in inducing individual cooperation in the short term, their long-term effects could ... More


Sustainability and the Psychologically Literate Citizen: A New Zealand Perspective

Niki Harré, Taciano L. Milfont, William Helton, and Andrea Mead

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0057
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The current ecological crisis is of enormous relevance to psychology teaching, as it is essentially a problem of human behaviour. Despite this, psychology has been slow to contribute. As a result, ... More


Engaging with Impossibilities and Possibilities †

Elinor Ostrom

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0029
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Upon thinking deeply about Kenneth Arrow's ‘Impossibility Theorem’, Amartya Sen advises scholars not to despair, but to engage seriously the impossibility result so that we understand it better and ... More


Trust in Social Dilemmas

Paul A.M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Trust is one of the most classic themes across the social and behavioral sciences. It is also a topic is that is strongly intertwined with cooperation and social dilemmas, and there is little doubt ... More


Tethering II

Douglas J. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen

in The Perfectionist Turn: From Metanorms to Metaethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474413343
eISBN:
9781474422406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474413343.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Not all approaches to liberalism are equally so insistent about avoiding comprehensive foundations. This chapter examines two prominent examples: Gerald Gaus and Steven Darwall. Their chief problem ... More


Trust: Introduction and Trending Topics

Paul A. M. Van Lange, Bettina Rockenbach, and Toshio Yamagishi

in Trust in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a brief review of the conceptual and empirical development of the concept of trust. In doing so, it briefly discusses some historical writings of trust, along with some clear ... More


Explaining Variation in Cooperative Behavior: Perspectives from the Economics Literature

Friederike Mengel and Joël van der Weele

in Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036122
eISBN:
9780262339803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036122.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Casual observation and controlled experiments show that humans display great heterogeneity in their tendency to exploit others or invest in mutual cooperation. This chapter reviews models in the ... More


Introduction

Miriam G. Reumann

in American Sexual Character: Sex, Gender, and National Identity in the Kinsey Reports

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520238350
eISBN:
9780520930049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520238350.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book analyzes the cultural dynamics and social dilemmas that informed the construction of the American sexual character after the close of World War II. It was originally spurred by the author's ... More


Motivation to Contribute to Collaboratories: A Public Goods Approach

Nathan Bos

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0015
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how collaboratory participation gives rise to a “public goods” problem. It focuses on data contributions to one kind of collaboratory, namely community data systems (CDSs), ... More


Regulating the Regulation: Norms about Punishment

Pontus Strimling and Kimmo Eriksson

in Reward and Punishment in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199300730
eISBN:
9780190221041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199300730.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Rules about punishment dictate how one must behave to ensure that one’s punishment behavior is not met with social disapproval. These rules can be both prescriptive and restrictive. This chapter ... More


Punishment and Cooperation

Jan-Willem van Prooijen

in The Moral Punishment Instinct

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190609979
eISBN:
9780190610005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609979.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

One of the core assumptions of the proposition that moral punishment is an instinct is that punishment stimulates cooperation among group members. This chapter starts with supernatural punishment, ... More


Evolution of Cooperation

Daniel Friedman and Barry Sinervo

in Evolutionary Games in Natural, Social, and Virtual Worlds

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199981151
eISBN:
9780190466657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981151.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter opens with a simple diagram capturing the tension that all social creatures face between self interest and the social good. It then reviews two famous devices for alleviating the ... More


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