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Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


The Relationship between Nonlegal Sanctions and Damages

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter examines positive externalities caused by nonlegal sanctions. It first considers a wrongdoer's incentives in cases where nonlegal sanctions are dead-weight losses versus cases where ... More


Stabilization Programmes, Social Costs, Violence, and Humanitarian Emergencies

CHRISTIAN MORRISSON

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines stabilization programmes and social costs associated with humanitarian emergencies. It analyses the direct impacts of a stabilization programme and its indirect effects as they ... More


Social and economic consequences of chronic diseases: What are the social and economic consequences of chronic diseases? What are the social and economic consequences of chronic diseases? Who suffers from the costs of these diseases? Who suffers from the costs of these diseases? Is there a case for governments to act to reduce the social harms caused by chronic diseases?

David Stuckler and Marc Suhrcke

in Sick Societies: Responding to the global challenge of chronic disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199574407
eISBN:
9780191731204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574407.003.0048
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter details how economic perspectives can enlighten us on how best to respond to chronic diseases. It shows that such economic tools are powerful, but they have ethical, policy, and ... More


Internal Wars In Developing Countries: An Empirical Overview of Economic and Social Consequences

Frances Stewart, Cindy Huang, and Michael Wang

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an empirical overview of some of the economic costs and social costs of civil conflict in the last 25 years. Attention is focused on internal conflict because it has been much ... More


Safer Streets, Safer Cities: Policy Choices for America

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores key policy choices and challenges that U.S. cities face in the use of major forms of public-surveillance approaches such as closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras ... More


Economic Evaluation Tools for Evidence-Based Policymaking

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

in Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter aims to quantify the damaging effects obesity by using an economic toolkit. It offers case studies to support the conceptual analysis. It assesses the cost of obesity and distinguishes ... More


Taxation of Tobacco *

Sijbren Cnossen and Michael Smart

in Theory and Practice of Excise Taxation: Smoking, Drinking, Gambling, Polluting, and Driving

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199278596
eISBN:
9780191602856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278598.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Cigarette taxes (specific and ad valorem excises plus VAT) in the EU at more than 300 per cent of the pre-tax retail price are the highest on any single product in the world (by comparison, the VAT ... More


Economic Growth in China: Prospect

John Knight

in China's Remarkable Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698691
eISBN:
9780191739118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698691.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Financial Economics

This chapter discusses some other important consequences of rapid growth. It considers the prospect for China's continued rapid economic growth. It examines the various factors that might slow down ... More


The Cost of Change

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evolutionary psychologists have argued that many social changes that reformers have advocated would come only at intolerable cost, because of the limits imposed by evolved human nature. The costs ... More


The Marginal Social Cost of Public Funds

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In public economics applications, the MCF is frequently used to compute the cost to private surplus of raising an additional dollar of government revenue. One of the most common examples is provided ... More


Liability and Social Insurance

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The estimates of the value of life provide a basis for assessing the appropriate level of safety but not for providing compensation to victims. The proper use of value‐of‐life estimates is ... More


Understanding the Economic Costs of Incarceration for African American Males

Mark L. Joseph

in Social Work With African American Males: Health, Mental Health, and Social Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195314366
eISBN:
9780199865567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314366.003.0017
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Health and Mental Health

This chapter explores the economic implications of the staggering incarceration rate in the United States for African American men, for their families and communities, and for society as a whole. ... More


Choosing Environments

Gillian Barker

in Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Using utilitarian or cost-benefit thinking to assess possible large-scale social chagnes is problematic because it is unclear how to value the costs and benefits--in particular, because some social ... More


The Optimal Provision of Public Goods

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government provision of a pure public good is a popular application in public economics because it combines public spending and taxation in a single project. This chapter uses shadow pricing rules ... More


The Politics of Surveillance for Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the political aspect of surveillance for crime prevention. It provides the background on the different forms of surveillance that are designed to prevent crime in public places, ... More


Economic Dismissals and Social Cost

Hugh Collins

in Justice in Dismissal: The Law of Termination of Employment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198254355
eISBN:
9780191681479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198254355.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter discusses the legal regulation of economic dismissals and presents an argument that states that the policy of minimizing social cost should comprise one of the principal guides to legal ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


An Incentive Theory of the Separation of Powers

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The design of a complete Constitution is further augmented by focusing on the need for separation of powers to avoid regulatory capture. The economic concepts used are yardstick competition and ... More


Conclusions and Future Directions

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter offers some concluding thoughts and identifies future directions to help make public places safer in this age of surveillance. It suggests that there are other forms of surveillance ... More


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