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 Pluralistic Relativism *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued that moral ambivalence is best explained through a naturalistic approach that construes morality as a social invention for promoting and regulating social cooperation. Morality ... More


Global Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds on the luck egalitarian ideal defended in Part II, arguing that since equality matters independently of the ideal of democracy, it potentially applies outside the confines of the ... More


The Appeal of Decentralization

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter offers a comparative analysis of political-economic institutions in what may seem like a counterintuitive manner. The default presumption in this domain is that the task of establishing ... More


Defending Luck Egalitarianism

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to some influential objections raised by proponents of democratic equality (e.g. Anderson, Scheffler, Freeman) against luck egalitarianism. I argue that these objections are ... More


Teleological Behaviorism and the Problem of Self-Control

Howard Rachlin

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Problems of self-control as well as social cooperation may be seen as conflicts not between internal spiritual or neurological entities, but between highly valued overt behavioral patterns of ... More


Justice As Order

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on what the state does (for us). It contends that once empowered by the dual convention of acquiescence by the citizenry and cooperation among government officials, a government ... More


Prosocial Emotions

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in The Economy as an Evolving Complex System, III: Current Perspectives and Future Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195162592
eISBN:
9780199850495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162592.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that one can understand the evolution of emotions such as guilt and shame as mechanisms that facilitate social cooperation. As such, emotions evolved because of their reproductive ... More


Rimsky-Korsakov, Snegurochka, and Populism

Emily Frey

in Rimsky-Korsakov and His World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182711
eISBN:
9780691185514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182711.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter looks at Rimsky-Korsakov's Snegurochka (The Snow Maiden) in the political context of the era, namely within a particular branch of 1870s populism that extolled “harmonious communal ... More


Rawlsian Self-Respect 1

Cynthia A. Stark

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A prominent element of Rawls's legacy is his uniting justice with self-respect. Indeed, Rawls appeals to the good of self-respect to justify several features of “justice as fairness” — the highly ... More


China's developmental model in Africa: a new era for global social policy?

Marian Urbina Ferretjans and Rebecca Surender

in Social Policy Review 24: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2012

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781447304470
eISBN:
9781447307662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304470.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Sino-African cooperation embraces not only trade and foreign direct investment, but a ‘social dimension’ also, including expenditure on health and education. However, the ‘Chinese approach of social ... More


Addiction and Altruism

Howard Rachlin

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter, which distinguishes between altruism and social cooperation in terms of repeated games, discusses altruism as really social cooperation over a wide temporal extent. It defines more ... More


The Arbitrariness of Nationality

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 examines objections against extending luck egalitarian considerations to the global domain. These are objections that even if nationality is arbitrary, and that the aim of egalitarian ... More


ALBA, Petrocaribe, and Caricom: Issues in a New Dynamic

Norman Girvan

in Venezuela's Petro-Diplomacy: Hugo Chavez's Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035307
eISBN:
9780813038292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035307.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter focuses on the nature of ALBA's mission and program, and on the kind of cooperation arrangements that are likely to be of particular interest to Caricom countries. The Bolivarian ... More


The Escape of the Mind

Howard Rachlin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199322350
eISBN:
9780190219536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322350.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book calls into question what is perhaps our most basic, most cherished, and universally accepted belief—that our minds are inside our bodies. Where else, you ask, can your mind possibly be? The ... More


Justice in a Complex World: An Introduction1

Paulo Barcelos

in International Development and Human Aid: Principles, Norms and Institutions for the Global Sphere

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474414470
eISBN:
9781474427005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414470.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of global justice. Theorising about global justice starts by questioning the symbolic role classically attributed to national borders as not only ... More


Childhood Obesity and Parental Responsibility

Kristin Voigt, Stuart G. Nicholls, and Garrath Williams

in Childhood Obesity: Ethical and Policy Issues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199964482
eISBN:
9780199362639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964482.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Debates about childhood obesity often invoke the idea of parental responsibility. However, the concept of responsibility is far from straightforward. Sometimes it looks backward to attribute blame ... More


A theory of justice as fair terms of social life given our inevitable dependency and our inextricable interdependency

Eva Feder Kittay

in Care Ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716341
eISBN:
9780191784941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716341.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

An ethics of care has often been understood as in opposition to an ethics of justice. This chapter proposes that care’s rival ethical theory is not an ethics of justice. A theory of justice pertains ... More


Language, Concepts, and Abstract Thought

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Language is probably the most complex form of universal communication. A finite set of words enables us to express a mere infinite number of thoughts and ideas, which we set together by obeying ... More


The Skepticism of Grotesques: “Between the Known and the Unknown”

Ellen Spolsky

in The Contracts of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, Community

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190232146
eISBN:
9780190232177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190232146.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, World Literature

This chapter focuses on the grotesque theatricality of the revenge tragedies and their awareness of the epistemological problem of acting morally and responsibly in a world without a reliable legal ... More


The Ideal of Civilization: Its Origins, Meanings, and Implications

in The Empire of Civilization: The Evolution of an Imperial Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226068145
eISBN:
9780226068169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226068169.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter, which analyzes the normative dimension of civilization or civilization as ideal, explores the term's etymological origins and eighteenth-century French and British Enlightenment origins ... More


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