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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


Rousseau: A Free Community of Equals

Joshua Cohen

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581498
eISBN:
9780191722875
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581498.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The fundamental problem of Rousseau's political philosophy is to find a form of association that protects the person and goods of each person without demanding from them a morally unacceptable ... More


Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Kimberly K. Smith

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895755
eISBN:
9780199950522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895755.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

What is the role of government in protecting animal welfare? What principles should policy makers draw on as they try to balance animal welfare against human liberty? Much has been written in recent ... More


Moral Science

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents an overview of the book. It argues that the metaphysical approach to ethics is a failure and that the time has come to take a scientific view of morality. A social contract is ... More


Welfare to Work: Conditional Rights in Social Policy

Amir Paz-Fuchs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237418
eISBN:
9780191717192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237418.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This book examines welfare-to-work programmes in the United States and Britain, and develops a normative perspective to analyse and critique the theoretical and doctrinal justifications for ... More


Towards the Good Society, Once Again?

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Why We Need a New Welfare State

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256433
eISBN:
9780191599170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256438.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is an introductory chapter to the book, and it addresses the need for a new look at the welfare state in Europe. The different sections of the chapter are: The new welfare challenge; Emerging ... More


General Conclusion

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

All our political values were invented in ancient times. Social contract, for example, was invented, though not developed philosophically. Western/European thought drew the idea of nation from the ... More


Democracy: Agreement or Acquiescence?

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We can divide consent theory into two branches: constitutional and post‐constitutional. Popular sovereignty and social contract theories fit largely into the first branch; democracy fits in the ... More


The Corporation as Social Contract

Muel Kaptein and Joha Wempe

in The Balanced Company: A Theory of Corporate Integrity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199255504
eISBN:
9780191698248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255504.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Organization Studies

This chapter views the corporation as a bundle of contracts with its own identity and embedded in a broader social contract. Based on the conclusion that the corporation is an autonomous moral ... More


Contracts

Kimberly K. Smith

in Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895755
eISBN:
9780199950522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895755.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, American Politics

This chapter addresses whether a liberal government may legitimately enforce our moral duties to animals, given the liberal principle of limited government. Liberal theory teaches that the purpose of ... More


Federal Constitutionalism II: Evaluating and Justifying Options for Federal Design

Wayne Norman

in Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-Building, Federalism, and Secession in the Multinational State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198293354
eISBN:
9780191604126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293356.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the principles that liberal democrats, including liberal nationalists, should use when choosing between the constitutional and federal options discussed in the preceding ... More


Ethical Criteria for Corporations

Muel Kaptein and Joha Wempe

in The Balanced Company: A Theory of Corporate Integrity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199255504
eISBN:
9780191698248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255504.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Organization Studies

This chapter formulates integrity requirements for corporations. These requirements are grounded on the autonomy approach and corporate social contract theory. The integrity requirements can be ... More


A Kantian Model for Social Welfare Theory

Alexander Kaufman

in Welfare in the Kantian State

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Kant's explicit account of the state's responsibility for welfare, in the Rechtslehre, is cryptic and incomplete. Kant does suggest, however, that: (1) provision for those unable to provide for ... More


Individual and Collective Rationality

Leif Lewin

in Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198277255
eISBN:
9780191599774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198277253.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The final chapter of the book draws conclusions and implications from the evidence presented in previous chapters that public interest seems to be of greater importance in democratic politics than ... More


Absolute State and Patrimonial Administration

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

State formation to be an essential part of the capitalist revolution and of the modernization process that begins with the Renaissance and the commercial revolution. Its completion, which happened ... More


Hegel and Social Contract Theory

Alan Patten

in Hegel's Idea of Freedom

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251568
eISBN:
9780191598180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251568.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Considers how Hegel could both accept the starting point of social contract theory (the commitment to freedom) and reject what contractarians take to be an obvious implication of that starting point ... More


Common Goals and the Ideal Social Contract

Allan Gibbard

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the form of a coherent social contract will take is its social structure. It notes that Harsanyi's second welfare theorem shows that the anti-utilitarian picture will not fit ... More


The Objects of Social Contracts

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Social contracts theories are discussed in ten sections: (1) rules versus discretion; (2) outcome‐versus resource‐based evaluative principles; (3) political competition and civil liberties; (4) ... More


On the Logic of Justifying Political Authority

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Three elements of authority are identified—a government's rightful title to issue rules, a reasonable expectation of compliance with them, and the propriety of using coercive enforcement to back them ... More


 Repeating Yourself

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter studies games played by the same players over and over again. The strategies in repeated games are modeled as finite automata, and a version of the folk theorem is proved. This says that ... More


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