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Deliberative‐Analytic Policy Inquiry: Postempiricist Practices

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Moving beyond the traditional conceptions of value-neutrality and context independence that have dominated the epistemology of the policy sciences, this chapter offers a social constructivist ... More


Postempiricist Foundations: Social Constructionism and Practical Discourse

Frank Fischer

in Reframing Public Policy: Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242641
eISBN:
9780191599255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924264X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This is the first of four chapters offering a postempiricist methodology for policy inquiry based on the logic of practical discourse, and examines the problems of policy research from an ... More


What Is Social Epistemology? a Smorgasbord of Projects

Alvin I. Goldman

in Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138795
eISBN:
9780199833252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138791.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers, sociologists of knowledge, and other academics pursue the topic of social epistemology, but often in entirely disparate fashions. “Knowledge” is usually central to social epistemology, ... More


What’s the Fuss about Social Constructivism?

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explains why science is a fundamentally social activity. Not only does science involve the cooperation of many people but, more controversially, socially embedded beliefs, assumptions, ... More


Evolutionary Social Constructivism: Narrowing (but Not Yet Bridging) the Gap

David Sloan Wilson

in The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199557028
eISBN:
9780191701719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557028.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how far the gap between evolution (adaptation of behaviours) and social constructivism (culture, unlimited capacity to define one’s future) narrows, by establishing a new ... More


Social Constructivism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Philosophers of science should take seriously the fact, emphasized already by Peirce and Popper, that scientific knowledge is a product of the scientific community. The ontological and ... More


Accuracy: Criteria

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews the theoretical and empirical bases for identifying the criteria appropriate for assessing the accuracy of social beliefs, interpersonal expectancies, and social stereotypes. ... More


Are Postmodernist Universities and Scholarship Undermining Modern Democracy?

Philip A. Sullivan

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the encroachment of advocacy in certain disciplines has undermined their credibility, and that this trend is largely due to uncritical acceptance of relativist epistemologies ... More


Construction of Music Learning

Peter R. Webster

in MENC Handbook of Research on Music Learning: Volume 1: Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195386677
eISBN:
9780190268039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386677.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter summarizes writings in music education that are inspired by a complicated set of interconnected beliefs about learning, and are often labeled as constructivist or constructionist. It ... More


Conclusions

Ted Hopf

in Reconstructing the Cold War: The Early Years, 1945-1958

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199858484
eISBN:
9780199933426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858484.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter summarizes the findings of the book and discusses the implications of those findings for the development of international relations theory and Cold War historiography. To the ... More


The Method of Modern Empirical Science

Michael Horace Barnes

in Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195396270
eISBN:
9780199852482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396270.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes and defends the method of modem science in preparation for religious responses to science. It begins with a general description of late formal operational thought and with the ... More


Introduction: Evolution, Biology, Culture, and Film

Torben Grodal

in Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture and Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371314
eISBN:
9780199870585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371314.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter advocates an embodied approach to studying the film experience because mind and body is a functional totality, and it argues that film studies and other fields within the humanities ... More


Flying Tiger: International Relations Theory and the Politics of Advanced Weapons

Ulrich Krotz

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199759934
eISBN:
9780199897193
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759934.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, European Union

This book takes a relatively obscure episode—the joint Franco-German production of a state-of-the-art and very expensive military helicopter, the Tiger Helicopter (used in the James Bond film ... More


Objectivity, Ontology

Robert Kraut

in Artworld Metaphysics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228126
eISBN:
9780191711053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228126.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The ontology of art can be thought of in either of two ways: as providing an explanation of artworld institutional practices, or as providing a codified representation of the norms underlying such ... More


The Media as Technologies

Nicholas Garnham

in Emancipation, the Media, and Modernity: Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198742258
eISBN:
9780191695001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742258.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter presents an analysis of the media as technology. It argues that many of the debates about the economic and social impact and future development of the media are part of wider debates, ... More


Sexuality and Sexual Orientation: Learning or Biology?

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter reviews the various theories that have been advanced to explain homosexuality from an environmental perspective and shows why these theories, although they are still widespread, are not ... More


Communicative action in International Relations

Naomi Head

in Justifying violence: Communicative ethics and the use of force in Kosovo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719083075
eISBN:
9781781706091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719083075.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter explores the ‘linguistic turn’ in critical and social theory of which Habermas was a central proponent and which has considerably influenced constructivist and critical theorists in ... More


Dewey’s Constructivism: From The Reflex Arc Concept To Social Constructivism

Jim Garrison

in John Dewey Between Pragmatism and Constructivism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823230181
eISBN:
9780823235339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823230181.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter presents a constructivist reading of Dewey's work by establishing a line of development between Dewey's 1896 essay on the reflex arc and the social ... More


Reality

Paul Thagard

in Natural Philosophy: From Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678739
eISBN:
9780190686451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678739.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Following a naturalistic approach to metaphysics, this chapter argues that materialism and scientific realism are much more plausible than their major alternatives: idealism and social ... More


International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Carlo Focarelli

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The book distils and articulates international law as a social construct. It does so by analysing its social foundations, essence, and roots in practical and socially workable (as opposed to ‘pure’) ... More


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