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Myth

Carlo Focarelli

in International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the meaning of law as a socially-constructed reality. It argues that law is a social construct ultimately founded in mythic belief. In any society, law is what is seen as such ... More


Conclusion

Bernard Capp

in When Gossips Meet: Women, Family, and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199255986
eISBN:
9780191719592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255986.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the gossip network was a social construct that was at once ... More


International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Carlo Focarelli

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The book distils and articulates international law as a social construct. It does so by analysing its social foundations, essence, and roots in practical and socially workable (as opposed to ‘pure’) ... More


The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference

Ann Morning

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520270305
eISBN:
9780520950146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270305.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

What do Americans think “race” means? What determines one's race — appearance, ancestry, genes, or culture? How do education, government, and business influence our views on race? To unravel these ... More


An Analytical Map of the Concept of Law

Brian Z. Tamanaha

in Realistic Socio-Legal Theory: Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298250
eISBN:
9780191685392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298250.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on current problems faced by legal philosophers brought about by their failure to arrive at an agreement regarding the true nature of law. The failure to define the true meaning ... More


Introduction

Carlo Focarelli

in International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter notes that international law now is believed to be a global law of humankind and no longer a Westphalian, state-centred form of law. It argues that international law can contribute in ... More


Epilogue

Carlo Focarelli

in International Law as Social Construct: The Struggle for Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199584833
eISBN:
9780191741012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584833.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter notes that international law is the law of the states making up the global system as shaped by non-state actors, both domestically and transnationally. Today, international law ... More


A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Peter Zachar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In psychiatry, almost no one questions the legitimacy of asking whether a given psychiatric disorder is real. Similarly, in psychology, scholars debate the reality of such theoretical entities as ... More


Four Conceptual Abstractions: Natural Kind, Historical Concept, Normative Concept, and Practical Kind

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The pragmatist's tendency to construe concepts as tools that we use for certain purposes is applied to the contrast between natural kind and social construct. Both of these concepts offer informative ... More


Intelligence, Race, and Genetics

Robert J. Sternberg, Elena L. Grigorenko, Kenneth K. Kidd, and Steven E. Stemler

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the scientific literature on intelligence, race, and genetics. It evaluates the claims made about the alleged relationships between race and ... More


Out of the Shadows, Into the Streets!: Transmedia Organizing and the Immigrant Rights Movement

Sasha Costanza-Chock

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028202
eISBN:
9780262322805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028202.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This book explores the changing social ideas that have determined wages for women during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The struggle between the concepts of identity, traditional ... More


Placebos as social constructs to elucidate human behavior

Amir Raz

in Placebo Talks: Modern perspectives on placebos in society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199680702
eISBN:
9780191760679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680702.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter highlights how this book integrates perspectives from medicine and social science to glimpse the many future directions of placebos. It discusses how the chapters build on a broad yet ... More


Gazing at Helen: Helen as Polysemous Icon in Robert Wise’s Helen of Troy and Michael Cacoyannis’ The Trojan Women

Bella Vivante

in Ancient Greek Women in Film

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199678921
eISBN:
9780191760259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678921.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines how depictions of the ancient Greek Helen of Troy in Robert Wise's film Helen of Troy (1956) and Michael Cacoyannis' Trojan Women (1971) cinematically display three concepts of ... More


The Wage Conceived: Value and Need as Measures of a Woman's Worth

Alice Kessler-Harris

in A Woman's Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145136
eISBN:
9780813145631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145136.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

At the turn of the century, workers tended to think of wage as the direct result of supply and demand. However, wage primarily depended on custom, existing as more of a social construct than commonly ... More


The Woman of Yesterday versus the New Woman

Catherine Oglesby

in Corra Harris and the Divided Mind of the New South

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032474
eISBN:
9780813038728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032474.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines Harris's thoughts on what she called the “ancient fate of women”. It looks at some of the most troubling ideas with which she struggled in her effort to reconcile contradictions ... More


An Argument for Treating Children as a ‘Special Case’

Lucinda Ferguson

in Philosophical Foundations of Children's and Family Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198786429
eISBN:
9780191828690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786429.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter’s argument stems from the premise that legal language should speak for itself. The ‘paramountcy’ principle suggests the prioritisation of children’s interests, and ‘children’s rights’ ... More


A Woman's Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences

Alice Kessler-Harris

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145136
eISBN:
9780813145631
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145136.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book explores the changing social ideas that have determined wages for women during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The struggle between the concepts of identity, traditional ... More


The British countryside: nostalgia, romanticism and intervention

Madhu Satsangi, Nick Gallent, and Mark Bevan

in The rural housing question: Community and planning in Britain's countrysides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423856
eISBN:
9781447303985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

Popular conceptions of rurality are not accidental, nor are they natural representations of fact. Rather they are transforming social constructs, based on received remembrance of a past, and on ... More


Against Physicalism

Naomi Scheman

in Shifting Ground: Knowledge and Reality, Transgression and Trustworthiness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195395112
eISBN:
9780190267483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395112.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter makes the argument against the theory that all causality is physical causality. Physicalism is set forth as the ontological basis of mental phenomena, disregarding the fact that while a ... More


The Elusive Variability of Race

Patricia J. Williams

in Race and the Genetic Revolution: Science, Myth, and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156974
eISBN:
9780231527699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156974.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter stipulates that race is not a “scientific” or biologically coherent category, emphasizing the notion that there is no allele for race. It considers race as a hierarchical social ... More


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