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Institutions and the Evolution of European Democracy

Peter A. Hall

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The purpose of this chapter is to place contemporary debate about European democracy in a wider historical context by considering how analyses of the institutions that underpin democracy in Europe ... More


Instrumental and Pavlovian Conditioning Analogs of Familiar Social Processes

Robert Ervin Cramer and Robert Frank Weiss

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0133
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Participation in conversation is reinforced by the opportunity to speak in reply. People will learn an instrumental response, the sole reinforcement for which is the deliverance of another human ... More


The Physical and the Social

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment: R. G. Collingwood's Idea of History

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238812
eISBN:
9780191679780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

R. G. Collingwood has also been accused, because of the way he emphasises the historian's concern with past ‘thought’, of ignoring the considerable role played by physical conditions in history, and ... More


Religious Reading: The Place of Reading in the Practice of Religion

Paul J. Griffiths

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195125771
eISBN:
9780199853335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195125771.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

What social conditions and intellectual practices are necessary in order for religious cultures to flourish? This book finds the answer in “religious reading” — the kind of reading in which a ... More


The Disenchantment of the Intellectuals

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the alienation of many modern intellectuals. Perhaps the modern world is bereft of meaning, but the affluence provided by modern science means that for the vast majority of ... More


Social context and youth health: understanding and mitigating exclusion

M Judith Lynam

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter offers insights from a research programme that aims to extend our understanding of how social conditions contributing to health inequalities are experienced by teenagers, including ... More


Cultural/Societal Characteristics That Make Hostility and Violence More Likely

Ervin Staub

in Overcoming Evil: Genocide, Violent Conflict, and Terrorism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195382044
eISBN:
9780199864942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382044.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies the cultural and societal characteristics that can increase the likelihood of mass violence. One of these is a history of devaluation of and discrimination against a group. ... More


Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Jody Heymann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335248
eISBN:
9780199851362
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335248.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the last half-century, radical changes have rippled through the workplace and the home from Boston to Mumbai. In the face of rapid globalization, these changes affect us all, and we can no longer ... More


Society, Class and Gender

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors note the misleading nature of the distinction between man‐made and natural famine, before moving on to emphasise the role of social conditions and cooperative conflicts in the genesis of ... More


Churches and Social Policy, 1918–1939

G.I.T. Machin

in Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-Century Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217800
eISBN:
9780191678271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217800.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Religion

Having won in the First World War, the Lloyd George Coalition in Britain wished also to win the peace — that is, to provide the much better social conditions which government ministers had extolled ... More


Reading the Riot

Adrian Randall

in Riotous Assemblies: Popular Protest in Hanoverian England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259908
eISBN:
9780191717444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259908.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines why riots and social protests were so frequent in 18th-century England and what they suggest about the conditions, attitudes, and motivation of those involved and of the nature ... More


Happiness and Humour

Theodore Zeldin

in France 1848–1945: Volume Two: Intellect, Taste and Anxiety

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198221258
eISBN:
9780191678424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221258.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of why happiness has held such an ambiguous place in French life. In the eighteenth century, the French were as keen on happiness as the Americans. On the ... More


A Labouring Poet

Richard Greene

in Mary Leapor: A Study in Eighteenth Century Women's Poetry

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198119883
eISBN:
9780191671234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198119883.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 18th-century Literature

Despite the significant number of labouring poets who published throughout the century, Elizabeth Hands assumed that her social position would constitute an obstacle to the acceptance of her work. ... More


Fianna Fáil in Power 1932–1938

RICHARD DUNPHY

in The Making of Fianna Fáil Power in Ireland 1923–1948

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204749
eISBN:
9780191676383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204749.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Fianna Fáil took office on 9 March 1932. Between 1932 and 1938, it sought to implement its economic, social and political programme. By 1938 Fianna Fáil had developed the Irish economy as far as was ... More


Maurice’s Social Witness

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

Unitarianism proposes social concern that is rooted in faith. From the earliest days of Unitarianism, its adherents worked to reform schools, asylums, prisons, and hospitals not because they believed ... More


Critique and Political Ethics: Justice as a Question

Annika Thiem

in Unbecoming Subjects: Judith Butler, Moral Philosophy, and Critical Responsibility

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823228980
eISBN:
9780823235865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823228980.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

No person lives as fully self-sufficient, autonomous beings; everyone is implicated in the lives of others not only at the beginning and end of one's lives, but all ... More


Global and Local Perspectives on Population Health

Margaret Lock, Vinh-Kim Nguyen, and Christina Zarowsky

in Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While much of the research on the impact of social conditions on health has focused on the notion of “determinants of health,” this chapter is grounded on the assumption that neither biological nor ... More


Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action

Jody Heymann, Clyde Hertzman, Morris L. Barer, and Robert G. Evans (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179200
eISBN:
9780199864539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179200.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

While extensive research has demonstrated that social determinants make a substantial difference to the health of adults and children alike, it can be difficult to understand how social conditions ... More


Letters and Literacy: Farmers and Workers in Northern England

Susan E. Whyman

in The Pen and the People: English Letter Writers 1660-1800

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199532445
eISBN:
9780191714535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532445.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter presents case studies of farmers and workers in Derbyshire, Yorkshire, and Cumbria which show how villages without schools could produce competent letter writers. The case studies are ... More


Belgium, 1795–1914

Patricia Penn Hilden

in Women, Work, and Politics: Belgium 1830-1914

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228837
eISBN:
9780191678837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228837.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the social and economic conditions in Belgium during the period from 1795 to 1914. It explains that when the Belgian territory was annexed by France in 1795 it was already well ... More


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