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Primate Social Cognition: Thirty Years After Premack and Woodruff

Alexandra G. Rosati, Laurie R. Santos, and Brian Hare

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter addresses two aspects of primate social cognition—understanding of intentional, goal-directed action, and understanding perceptions, knowledge, and beliefs—focusing on the newest ... More


Gods and Why They Matter

Todd Tremlin

in Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305340
eISBN:
9780199784721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305345.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter looks at how god concepts are represented and processed by the human mind, particularly at features of social cognition that support thinking about supernatural agents, enhance their ... More


Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory

Glenn C. Loury

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines interconnections between “race” and economic inequality in the United States, focusing on the case of African Americans. It is crucially important to distinguish between racial ... More


 Observing Possession

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 7 addresses the social cognition of possession activities. Some researchers have noted that possession observation is often characterised by ambiguity, contradiction, and inconsistency. This ... More


The social brain hypothesis: An evolutionary perspective on the neurobiology of social behaviour

Susanne Shultz and R.I.M. Dunbar

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter defends a version of the social brain hypothesis, focusing especially on the cognitive powers involved in the ‘Theory of Mind’ that humans are thought to deploy in order to attribute ... More


The simulation hypothesis of motor cognition

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter develops the concept of simulation as a potential explanation for unifying the various aspects of motor cognition. Simulation is used as the off-line rehearsal of neural networks ... More


Human Culture in Evolutionary Perspective

Michael Tomasello

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume 1

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195380392
eISBN:
9780199863501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380392.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Many animal species live in complex social groups, some of whom transmit information across generations “culturally”. Humans’ uniquely cultural way of life began with this kind of social organization ... More


The Developmental Relations between Perspective Taking and Prosocial Behaviors: A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Task-Specificity Hypothesis

Gustavo Carlo, George P. Knight, Meredith McGinley, Rebecca Goodvin, and Scott C. Roesch

in Self- and Social-Regulation: Exploring the Relations Between Social Interaction, Social Understanding, and the Development of Executive Functions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195327694
eISBN:
9780199776962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327694.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Given the multidimensional nature of both perspective taking and prosocial behaviors, the authors advance an information processing position that attending to characteristics of tasks used to assess ... More


The Social Construction of Entrepreneurs

Annette Miae Kim

in Learning to be Capitalists: Entrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369397
eISBN:
9780199871032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369397.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter outlines the alignment of interests which helped form the new economic relations and transactions behind Vietnam's private real estate market. Introducing the term fiscal socialism, it ... More


Social Knowledge

Keith Jensen, Joan B. Silk, Kristin Andrews, Redouan Bshary, Dorothy L. Cheney, Nathan Emery, Charlotte K. Hemelrijk, Kay Holekamp, Derek C. Penn, Josef Perner, and Christoph Teufel

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The social milieus of animals can be complex, ranging from almost completely asocial to monogamous pairs (no mean feat) to entire societies. To adapt to a constantly shifting environment of ... More


Active Perception and Perceiving Action: The Shared Circuits Model

Susan Hurley

in Perceptual Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199289769
eISBN:
9780191711046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289769.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recently, research on imitation and its role in social cognition has been flourishing across various disciplines. After briefly reviewing these developments under the heads of behaviour, subpersonal ... More


Side Bias: Cerebral Hemispheric Asymmetry in Social Cognition and Emotion Perception

Kimberley R. Savage, Joan C. Borod, and Lorraine O. Ramig

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter characterizes the nature of the hemispheric biases in social cognition. This includes both description and discussion of the literature examining the extent of hemispheric specialization ... More


The Cognitive Capitalist: Social Benefits of Perceptual Economy

Douglas Martin and C. Neil Macrae

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores the perceptual processes that support the extraction of social information from faces and how these fit within extant models of social cognition. It assesses the efficiency with ... More


Narrative and the Knowledge of Persons

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

On the basis of recent research in developmental psychology and neurobiology, this chapter explains the nature of the knowledge of persons and the second-person experience that enables the knowledge ... More


How Has Cognitive Neuroscience Contributed to Social Psychological Theory?

Adrianna C. Jenkins and Jason P. Mitchell

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Even the most casual follower of developments within social psychology is unlikely to have missed the recent surge of studies adapting the methods of cognitive neuroscience to questions about the ... More


NEURODEVELOPMENTAL MECHANISMS IN CHILDHOOD PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: THE EXAMPLE OF ABNORMAL SOCIAL ORIENTING IN AUTISM

Noah J. Sasson, Lauren Turner Brown, and Joseph Piven

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Individuals with autism demonstrate marked impairments in the perception, processing, and interpretation of social information. Recent findings suggest that abnormal social orienting may serve as a ... More


Shaping Social Environments with Simple Recognition Heuristics

Peter M. Todd and Annerieke Heuvelink

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Agents can shape their environment through the decisions they make, and when they do this in a coordinated manner, profound structure can emerge. Previously, the authors of this chapter have shown ... More


Some Innate Foundations of Social and Moral Cognition

Karen Wynn

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the innate basis of social cognition in young infants. It reviews evidence showing that infants not only have a set of innate expectations regarding the behaviour of inanimate ... More


The Self-Organizing Social Mind

John Bolender

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014441
eISBN:
9780262289238
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014441.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This book proposes a new explanation for the forms of social relations. It argues that the core of social-relational cognition exhibits beauty—in the physicist’s sense of the word, associated with ... More


Netified: Social Cognition in Crowds and Clouds

Yoram M. Kalman, Daphne R. Raban, and Sheizaf Rafaeli

in The Social Net: Understanding our online behavior

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199639540
eISBN:
9780191747748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639540.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter suggests that social interaction is changing, as increasingly greater portions of human creativity, conversations, and social ties are digitized and mediated by computers. The chapter ... More


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