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Minimal Democracy? The Social Choice Critique

John S. Dryzek

in Deliberative Democracy and Beyond: Liberals, Critics, Contestations

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250431
eISBN:
9780191717253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925043X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some social choice theorists attempt to turn the science of politics against democracy in general and deliberative democracy in particular. They claim the arbitrariness and instability of democracy ... More


Global Social Choice Beyond Nation‐State Representation

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter challenges the widespread idea that legitimate social choice in global politics can be achieved solely through representation by nation-states — either as a means of aggregating ... More


Politics and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Social choice theory helps to design a research strategy. Three institutional variables producing different degrees of stability and different amounts of social utility are: (1) the dispersion of ... More


Who Can Vote

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Small, homogeneous communities in medieval and early modern times were able to make consensual social choices by voting with relatively broad voting rights. In complex societies in modern times, the ... More


Social Choice Theory

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses social choice theory, an axiomatic and deductive approach to societal problem solving by existing or possible voting procedures. Social choice theory in economics and political ... More


Global Social Choice Through Multi‐Stakeholder Representation

Terry MacDonald

in Global Stakeholder Democracy: Power and Representation Beyond Liberal States

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199235001
eISBN:
9780191715822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235001.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that achieving legitimate social choice in global politics requires the establishment of a decision-making process involving deliberation among multi-stakeholder representatives, ... More


Conclusion

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

in Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This final chapter summarizes the evidence and identifies remaining questions. It argues that obesity policy is as much a question of social choice as of biology. It gives the key points raised by ... More


Political Institutions: Democracy and Social Choice

Josep M. Colomer

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241835
eISBN:
9780191598975
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924183X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The more complex the political institutions, the more stable and socially efficient the outcomes will be. This book develops an extensive analysis of this relationship. The discussion is theoretical, ... More


The Priority of Democracy and the Burden of Justification

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter addresses the challenges that social choice theory brings to normative claims about democracy. Social choice theorists commonly critique democratic decision making on the grounds that ... More


Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Iain McLean

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A study of rhetoric and manipulation (otherwise known as heresthetics). Rhetoric is the art of making people believe that the world is as you say it is. A recent example is Margaret Thatcher's claim ... More


Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of ... More


Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Kaushik Basu and Ravi Kanbur (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The year 2008 marks Amartya Sen's 75th birthday. Amartya has made deep and lasting contributions to the academic disciplines of economics, philosophy, and more broadly the social sciences. He has ... More


Introduction

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Introduces basic concepts of social choice. Describes the median voter theorem for one issue dimension, and its chaotic failure in more than one. It explains what rhetoric and heresthetics are, also ... More


Reconsidering the Role of Political Argument in Democratic Politics

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines three ways that political argument can affect democratic decision making and, thus, significantly mitigate the force of the social choice challenge. By engaging in political ... More


Limited Rights and Social Choice Rules *

Maurice Salles

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 1970 Amartya Sen introduced within social choice theory the notion of minimal liberty and proved an impossibility result concerning social decision functions. In this chapter Sen's condition of ... More


Introduction

Paul Anand, Prasanta K. Pattanaik, and Clemens Puppe

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an overview of developments in the fields of decision theory and social choice as surveyed in the chapters of the book. The chapter identifies and contextualizes these ... More


Consequentialism and Non‐Consequentialism *: The Axiomatic Approach

Kotaro Suzumura and Yongsheng Xu

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Most, if not all, practitioners of welfare economics and social choice theory are presumed to be welfaristic in their conviction. Indeed, they evaluate the goodness of an economic policy and/or ... More


Irrelevant Alternatives

Kevin Roberts

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239115
eISBN:
9780191716935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239115.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the notion of ‘irrelevant alternatives’ in the context of social choice problems. It is shown that seemingly irrelevant alternatives could be relevant because of their ... More


Compensation and the Victims of Constraint

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

When pandemic constraints are imposed, some people will suffer losses, people who might not otherwise have done so. The economic losses of facilities that are used in pandemic emergencies have been ... More


Pluralism, Incompletely Theorized Agreements, and Public Policy

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter draws on social choice theory and proposes incompletely theorized agreements (ITAs) as an approach to collective decision‐making in public policy and human rights. The chapter presents ... More


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