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Contextualizing Categories: Towards A Critical Reflexive Demography

Simon Szreter, Hania Sholkamy, and A. Dharmalingam

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Problematizes the relationship between demographers, the content of their science and the contexts in which this knowledge is consumed. Demography as a social science has been historically shaped by ... More


Introduction: Definitions

H. R. French

in The Middle Sort of People in Provincial England, 1600-1750

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296385
eISBN:
9780191712029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296385.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter explains the evolution of current historical thinking about the ‘middle sort of people’. It charts a shift in historical definitions away from the application of ... More


Making up China's ‘Black Population’

Susan Greenhalgh

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

State‐created, bureaucratically elaborated social categories are so normalized a feature of modern life that we usually ignore them—at our peril. Shows how the bureaucratic categories of state ... More


Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Simon Szreter, Hania Sholkamy, and A. Dharmalingam (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Throughout its history as a social science discipline, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying population problems. An important outcome of this is ... More


Social Constraints on the Visual Perception of Biological Motion

Kerri L. Johnson, Frank E. Pollick, and Lawrie S. McKay

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter sheds light on how the once-clear distinctions between the visual and social approaches to social categorization of the human body have begun to blur. First, it reviews findings from ... More


‘Un noviazgo después de ser casados’ * : Companionate Marriage, Sexual Intimacy, and the Modern Mexican Family

Jennifer S. Hirsch

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Highlights the ways in which marital ideologies are socially constructed and historically variable and suggests how transformations in these marital ideologies and their social categories can ... More


Ethnic Boundary Making: Institutions, Power, Networks

Andreas Wimmer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199927371
eISBN:
9780199980536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927371.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity, Social Theory

The book introduces a new theory that overcomes essentializing approaches to ethnicity all the while avoiding the pitfalls of excessive constructivism. It suggests understanding ethnic/racial ... More


Categorization Struggles

Andreas Wimmer

in Ethnic Boundary Making: Institutions, Power, Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199927371
eISBN:
9780199980536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927371.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity, Social Theory

Does ethnicity determine the formation of groups in immigrant societies? Multiculturalism and radical constructivism give opposing answers to this question. This chapter provides an empirical ... More


Building a Better Bridge

Sandra Waxman

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0053
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that the object categories and social categories that children carve out, and the inductive power with which they are imbued, are shaped not only by the diversity of objects and ... More


Social Categories, Coordination, and Inequity

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows why social categories provide solutions to certain coordination problems. It begins with a description of what social categories are and how they function in human groups. The ... More


On the Developmental Origins of Differential Responding to Social Category Information

Gizelle Anzures, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis, Alan Slater, Paul C. Quinn and James W. Tanaka

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0052
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent studies on how infants' face processing is tuned by experience with different classes of faces early in development. The research reveals that different degrees of ... More


Categories We Live By: The Construction of Sex, Gender, Race, and Other Social Categories

Ásta

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190256791
eISBN:
9780190256821
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256791.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We are women, we are men. We are refugees, single mothers, people with disabilities, and queers. We belong to social categories that frame their action, self-understanding, and life options. But what ... More


From Categories to Exemplars (and Back Again)

Yarrow Dunham and Juliane Degner

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0050
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews studies on how prejudice and discrimination related to one another in childhood. Children show strong prejudice at both the explicit and implicit level, but these attitudes do ... More


Is Gender Special?

Kristin Shutts

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0054
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes that gender is a social category whose development and prominence might be supported by a special cognitive system. Unlike many other human category distinctions (e.g., ... More


Living with diversity or living with difference? International perspectives on everyday perceptions of the social composition of diverse neighbourhoods

Katrin Großmann, Georgia Alexandri, Maria Budnik, Annegret Haase, Christian Haid, Christoph Hedtke, Katharina Kullmann, and Galia Shokry

in Divercities: Understanding Super Diversity in Deprived and Mixed Neighbourhoods

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447338178
eISBN:
9781447338222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338178.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter analyses which categories are mobilised by residents to describe the social groups in their area and which normative assessments are attached to those descriptions. This ... More


The agony of authority: People, public, party, and power, 1849–1859

PHILIP J. ETHINGTON

in The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230019
eISBN:
9780520927469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230019.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter describes the broad structural features of the political culture of San Francisco, California during the period from 1849 to 1859. It discusses the intersections between state and ... More


Discrimination

Sally Witcher

in Inclusive equality: A vision for social justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781447300038
eISBN:
9781447307730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300038.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Drawing on literatures from gender, race, disability and queer theory, this chapter identifies shared themes and aims to develop a generic understanding of discrimination. Discrimination can be ... More


Men, women, and children: The semantics of basic social categories

Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka

in Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668434
eISBN:
9780191748691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668434.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This chapter begins by arguing that the old-style componential analysis of words like men, women, boys, and girls in terms of ±male and ±adult is profoundly misguided, despite remaining to this day a ... More


Cultural Evolution with Social Categories

Cailin O'Connor

in The Origins of Unfairness: Social Categories and Cultural Evolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198789970
eISBN:
9780191880124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789970.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter looks at evolutionary models capable of representing the emergence of conventions between actors in different social groups. From a starting point of uncoordinated behavior, groups move ... More


Introduction

Anindita Mukhopadhyay

in Behind The Mask: The Cultural Definition of the Legal Subject in Colonial Bengal (1715-1911)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195680836
eISBN:
9780199080700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195680836.003.0010
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter provides a discussion on the purpose of the book and its main arguments. It briefly discusses the cultural angle of the rule of law, as introduced and developed by colonial discourse, ... More


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