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 Sources of Social Capital

Michael W. Foley and Dean R. Hoge

in Religion and the New Immigrants: Social Capital, Identity, and Civic Engagement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195188707
eISBN:
9780199785315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188707.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Worship communities can be important sources of both bonding and bridging social capital, but not all such communities provide significant levels of material support or economic opportunities, nor do ... More


Monogamy, Motherhood, and Health

C. Sue Carter

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses recent research with prairie voles, rodents that live in a state of social monogamy similar to that of human beings. Knowledge of the relatively simple brains and neurohormonal ... More


The Fabric of Social Life: Mimicry, Fantasy, Fiction, and Morality

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many of our distinctively human social traits are interwoven with simulational propensities. A stroll through simulation-related topics includes the psychological underpinnings of social bonds, our ... More


Neuropeptides and the Development of Social Behaviors: Implications for Adolescent Psychopathology

Karen L. Bales and C. Sue Carter

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter provides an overview of the role of two mammalian neuropeptide hormones, oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), in the development and expression of social behaviors, including ... More


Close Relationships and Health Through the Lens of Selective Investment Theory

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, Ashley Schiavone, and Dylan M. Smith

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reviews a program of research that was designed to explore the health benefits of helping or giving support to others. This work was inspired by a new evolutionary theory of altruism, ... More


Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

Larry J. Young and C. Sue Carter

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the neurobiology of affiliative behavior and social bonding in prairie voles using the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) as a model system. It focuses on the roles ... More


Self-Constructions:: An Existentialist Approach to Self and Social Identity

Mariam Thalos

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Social relations are the core of a human self. Affiliations shape our social world, and ultimately alliances are the large players on the stage of human history. In the process of forging social ... More


The Neurobiology of Social Bonds and Affiliation

Miranda M. Lim and Larry J. Young

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There has been limited knowledge of the neurobiology of social attachment and the cognitive processes involved, despite the fact that social relationship is a human trait that is given importance ... More


Getting by With a Little Help From Friends: The Importance of Social Bonds for Female Primates

Liza R. Moscovice

in Evolution's Empress: Darwinian Perspectives on the Nature of Women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199892747
eISBN:
9780199332786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892747.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Humans are distinguished from other species by their high levels of sociality. Strong social relationships are associated with positive health outcomes and buffering against stress, and these effects ... More


Some Functions of Collective Forgetting

Paul Connerton

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Coerced forgetting — forgetting as repressive erasure — has been a hallmark of many of the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. However, the act of forgetting is not always negative. This ... More


Capitalism’s Critics

Geoff Mulgan

in The Locust and the Bee: Predators and Creators in Capitalism's Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165745
eISBN:
9781400866199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165745.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the consistent criticisms that have been made of capitalism over two centuries and that continue to be made. They have damned capitalism as a conspiracy of the powerful; as the ... More


The Human Caregiving System: A Neuroscience Model of Compassionate Motivation and Behavior

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, and Stephanie D. Preston

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this essay we describe the essential features of a neurobiological system whose purpose is to provide the motivation needed to bestow resources on others—the “caregiving system.” After presenting ... More


Man and Beast

Erika Lorraine Milam

in Creatures of Cain

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181882
eISBN:
9780691185095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181882.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter looks into the work of Desmond Morris, particularly his book, The Naked Ape: A Zoologist's View of the Human Animal (1967). Morris took a more light-hearted approach to human nature than ... More


Social Finance

Alex Nicholls, Rob Paton, and Jed Emerson (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198703761
eISBN:
9780191773013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703761.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Social finance is now a multibillion dollar market that encompasses ethical investment (including finance for green businesses), community investment to support economic development in deprived ... More


A Dispersed Society: Place Ownership and the Crossing of Spatial Margins

Rupert Stasch

in Society of Others: Kinship and Mourning in a West Papuan Place

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520256859
eISBN:
9780520943322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520256859.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter investigates the Korowai social landscape as a field of otherness. It discusses landownership as a major medium through which Korowai live out a basic social problematic of autonomy, ... More


Introduction

John Mullan

in Sentiment and Sociability: The Language of Feeling in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122524
eISBN:
9780191671449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122524.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter focuses on three very different writers whose works all chronicle peculiarly intimate relationships between the texts they produced and the social lives for which they also became known: ... More


Social Impact Bonds: Shifting the Boundaries of Citizenship

Stephen Sinclair, Neil McHugh, Leslie Huckfield, Michael Roy, and Cam Donaldson

in Social Policy Review 26: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2014

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447315568
eISBN:
9781447315582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315568.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Chapter Seven focuses on efficiency of administration and the mixing of morals and mathematics in the context of the financialisation of everyday life. They examine the development and scope of ... More


The Peterborough Pilot Social Impact Bond

Alex Nicholls and Emma Tomkinson

in Social Finance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198703761
eISBN:
9780191773013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703761.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This is a detailed case analysis of the world’s first SIB, based at Her Majesty’s Prison in Peterborough, UK. This chapter starts by defining the SIB model and its key constituent parts. Next, the ... More


The Next Neoliberal Thing: Social Impact Bonds

Sanford F. Schram

in The Return of Ordinary Capitalism: Neoliberalism, Precarity, Occupy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190253011
eISBN:
9780190253042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190253011.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines the development of social impact bonds as arguably the quintessential example of neoliberalization and marketization of the welfare state. Social impact bonds are discussed as ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


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