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The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a fundamental new theory of motor cortex organization: the rendering of the movement repertoire onto the cortex. The action repertoire of an animal is highly dimensional, whereas the ... More


Green Sickness and Wertherism: Smiles

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Samuel Smiles, born in 1812, was an influential figure in the 19th-century “self-help” movement. His book, Self-help: With Illustrations of Character, Conduct and Perseverance (1859) grew out of a ... More


The Romantic Paradox

Daphna Erdinast-Vulcan

in The Strange Short Fiction of Joseph Conrad: Writing, Culture, and Subjectivity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184997
eISBN:
9780191674426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184997.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter relates the troubled dynamics of subjectivity in Conrad's work to his ambivalent relationship with Romanticism as a mode of being and with the genre of romance as a mode of writing. It ... More


Other Prose Writers

Paul Turner

in Victorian Poetry, Drama and Miscellaneous Prose 1832–1890

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122395
eISBN:
9780191671401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122395.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter delves into the prose writers, namely: John Keble, Francis William Newman, John Frederick Denison Maurice, Richard Chenevix Trench, William Ewart Gladstone, Samuel Smiles, Herbert ... More


Victorian Hero‐Worship

Juliette Atkinson

in Victorian Biography Reconsidered: A Study of Nineteenth-Century 'Hidden' Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572137
eISBN:
9780191722967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572137.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter considers in detail the meaning and power attributed by the Victorians to ‘hero‐worship’. The endless debates devoted to the topic in periodicals reveal that there was little consensus ... More


‘The Simple Annals of the Poor’: Biographies of Humble Men

Juliette Atkinson

in Victorian Biography Reconsidered: A Study of Nineteenth-Century 'Hidden' Lives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572137
eISBN:
9780191722967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572137.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter looks in detail at one of the many ways in which the contemporary interest in ‘hidden’ lives took form: through biographies of working‐class men. The chapter begins with an overview of ... More


The Linguistic-Literary Coordinates of English, Creole, and Indonesian Modernism

Christopher GoGwilt

in The Passage of Literature: Genealogies of Modernism in Conrad, Rhys, and Pramoedya

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751624
eISBN:
9780199866199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751624.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Chapter 1 defines the sense of modernism used in the book and outlines the linguistic-literary coordinates of English, Creole, and Indonesian modernisms. It frames the study to come in terms of the ... More


The Laughing Philosopher: Diderot

WALTER REDFERN

in French Laughter: Literary Humour from Diderot to Tournier

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199237579
eISBN:
9780191696749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237579.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter presents Diderot's LeNeveu de Rameau and Jacques le fataliste as dependent on cross-talk acts and needle-matches. Jacques le fataliste shows cross-talk multilogues, especially in wayside ... More


Strangers in a Strange Lab

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the method that the author and his colleagues developed to study the influence of personality characteristics on people's naturally occurring social interactions. This method, ... More


Frater, Ave atque Vale

Kathleen Riley

in The Astaires: Fred & Adele

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199738410
eISBN:
9780199932955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738410.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Dance, Popular

The inaptly titled (as it proved to be) Smiles of 1930 is the subject of this chapter. Despite its promise as a Ziegfeld production and its glamorous cast, which included Marilyn Miller, it failed ... More


Signal Characteristics of Spontaneous Facial Expressions: Automatic Movement in Solitary and Social Smiles

Karen L. Schmidt, Jeffrey F. Cohn, and Yingli Tian

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter hypothesized that a particular portion of the smile display, the smile onset, has highly consistent signaling characteristics. It demonstrated the consistency of zygomaticus major ... More


Saving Face: Disfigurement and the Politics of Appearance

Heather Laine Talley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784105
eISBN:
9781479840052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784105.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The face is a core feature of our physical identity. Our face is how others identify us and how we think of our “self.” Yet, human faces are also essential mechanisms for communication and as a means ... More


Things That Matter?

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines Stephen Darwall's argument that “the best life for human beings is one of significant engagement in activities through which we come into appreciative rapport with agent-neutral ... More


Breaking into Laughter 失笑‎

Christopher Rea

in Age of Irreverence: A New History of Laughter in China

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780520283848
eISBN:
9780520959590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520283848.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Why was China’s entrance into the modern age accompanied by a laugh track? The early twentieth-century Chinese press is replete with invective, self-mockery, and sarcastic commentary, as well as word ... More


A Category of Particulars

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter argues for — or calls attention to — the existence of another class or category of particulars. The characterization of category is perhaps best, that is, most persuasively, approached ... More


World War I and Specials

Brian Taves

in Thomas Ince: Hollywood's Independent Pioneer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813134222
eISBN:
9780813135939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813134222.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The conflict's impact had already been felt in a number of Ince's films for Triangle, most prominently Civilization (1916) and The Zeppelin's Last Raid (1917). These had charted the nation's ... More


Saving Face: Redeeming a Universal Face

Heather Laine Talley

in Saving Face: Disfigurement and the Politics of Appearance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784105
eISBN:
9781479840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784105.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the activities of the international charitable organization Operation Smile, which conducts medical missions to impoverished countries. In these countries the organization ... More


Paul Ekman’s Neurocultural Theory of the Emotions

Ruth Leys

in The Ascent of Affect: Genealogy and Critique

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488424
eISBN:
9780226488738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488738.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

An analysis of the work of Paul Ekman, arguably the most influential figure in the emotion field today. According to Ekman's "neurocultural" version of Tomkins's affect theory, through socialization ... More


Extraversion, Alcohol, and Enjoyment

Willibald Ruch

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of extraversion and consumption of low and medium doses of alcohol on facial and verbal indicators of humor-induced positive affect. It also assesses whether the ... More


Smiles When Lying

Paul Ekman, Wallace V. Friesen, and Maureen O'sullivan

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter measures more subtle aspects of facial expression, distinguishing among different types of smiling. It also reports the findings from the first use of the Facial Action Coding System ... More


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