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The ‘Western Problem’: Land and Politics in Connacht, 1891–1899

Fergus Campbell

in Land and Revolution: Nationalist Politics in the West of Ireland 1891-1921

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273249
eISBN:
9780191706387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273249.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes the social and economic circumstances in which the people of the west of Ireland lived in the 1890s. The essence of the western problem was the juxtaposition of vast tracts of ... More


Conclusion

Fergus Campbell

in Land and Revolution: Nationalist Politics in the West of Ireland 1891-1921

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273249
eISBN:
9780191706387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273249.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Between 1879 and 1923, Ireland experienced two revolutions. The first — beginning with the Land War in 1879 and, arguably, not ending until 1984 when the Land Commission suspended its activities — ... More


Alternative Agriculture Today

Thirsk Joan

in Alternative Agriculture: A History: From the Black Death to the Present Day

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208136
eISBN:
9780191677922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208136.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the fourth phase of alternative agriculture, which started in the 1980s. Present-day alternative agriculture is ... More


Land and people, c. 1983

Desmond A. Gillmor

in A New History of Ireland Volume VII: Ireland 1921-84

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217527
eISBN:
9780191678240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217527.003.0016
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Irish land was put to predominantly pastoral use in the early 1980s, as it had been, except under abnormal circumstances, since clearance of the natural forests. The agrarian landscape of the early ... More


Postwar Hungary

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II: Caught in the Cauldron

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233434
eISBN:
9780823241767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

German occupation, Arrow Cross rule, and Soviet occupation, had destroyed the structure of the Hungarian state. The flight of half a million people to the West, elimination of “war criminals” through ... More


Introduction: A Book for Optimists

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This introductory chapter presents an optimistic outlook into the state of African agriculture. It highlights the achievements made by African farmers—many of whom are smallholders—emphasizing how ... More


African Farms and Farmers

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter describes how African farmers manage to overcome the constraints impeding them, both natural and those caused by cultural and economic diversity and by political boundaries. It reveals ... More


‘The Highlands have Reaped what Michael Davitt has Sown’: Legislation and Agitation to the Great War

Andrew G. Newby

in Ireland, Radicalism, and the Scottish Highlands, c.1870-1912

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623754
eISBN:
9780748653645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623754.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The suspension of the ‘laws of God’ seen in the legislation of 1881 and 1886 caused problems for those who had hoped that Highlanders would embrace the root and branch abolition of landlords. ... More


Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: What Lessons Can We Learn?

Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt, Fred Mawunyo Dzanku, and Aida Cuthbert Isinika

in Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa: Longitudinal Perspectives from Six Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198799283
eISBN:
9780191839641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799283.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Smallholder-friendly messages, albeit not always translated into action, returned strongly to the development agenda over a decade ago. Smallholders’ livelihoods encompass social and economic ... More


Peasant Poverty: A Tale of Two Cycles

S.A. Eddie

in Freedom's Price: Serfdom, Subjection, and Reform in Prussia, 1648-1848

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199662753
eISBN:
9780191757587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662753.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

Not all Prussian peasants were wealthy, of course. However, it was not manorial exploitation, but rather the size of the peasants’ plot that was decisive: personally free with little or no land made ... More


The Reforms in Context

S.A. Eddie

in Freedom's Price: Serfdom, Subjection, and Reform in Prussia, 1648-1848

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199662753
eISBN:
9780191757587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662753.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

International comparison reveals that the Prussian reforms were effective precisely because of their sobriety. Between the extremes of the French Revolution (noble assets expropriated without ... More


Did Rapid Smallholder-Led Agricultural Growth Fail to Reduce Rural Poverty? Making Sense of Malawi’s Poverty Puzzle

Karl Pauw, Ulrik Beck, and Richard Mussa

in Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198744795
eISBN:
9780191805950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744795.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Poverty reduction is a primary development goal in Malawi. While a variety of policy interventions and strategies have sought to reduce poverty, the most significant policy intervention in recent ... More


Decolonizing Plantations

Michitake Aso

in Rubber and the Making of Vietnam: An Ecological History, 1897-1975

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469637150
eISBN:
9781469637174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469637150.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Planners from the United States and the Republic of Vietnam initially looked to rubber as an important source of income and a way to create Vietnamese smallholders, or individuals who owned modestly ... More


Human activities and disease transmission: the agriculture case

Jan Slingenbergh, Giuliano Cecchi, and Marjan Leneman

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The time is right to fight poverty, food insecurity and disease. The nexus of agriculture, development and health is presented, highlighting global health security threats of animal origin. Food and ... More


The Ecology of Cotton: Environment, Labour, and Empire

Corey Ross

in Ecology and Power in the Age of Empire: Europe and the Transformation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199590414
eISBN:
9780191829901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590414.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Social History

This chapter explores the workings and effects of expanding cotton cultivation in the main producer regions of Europe’s colonial empire. It begins by surveying the fallout of the 1860s global ‘cotton ... More


Bittersweet Harvest: The Colonial Cocoa Boom and the Tropical Forest Frontier

Corey Ross

in Ecology and Power in the Age of Empire: Europe and the Transformation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199590414
eISBN:
9780191829901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590414.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Social History

This chapter considers the rapid expansion of cocoa production in Europe’s tropical colonies. It outlines the development of plantation cultivation and the challenges it faced, and lays particular ... More


Colonialism, Rubber, and the Rainforest

Corey Ross

in Ecology and Power in the Age of Empire: Europe and the Transformation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199590414
eISBN:
9780191829901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590414.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Social History

This chapter surveys the environmental transformations associated with the rapid expansion of rubber cultivation in Europe’s colonies, above all Malaya, the East Indies, and Indochina. It foregrounds ... More


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