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Behavioral Assessment Practices Among Social Psychologists Who Study Small Groups

Richard L. Moreland, Joshua D. Fetterman, Jeffrey J. Flagg, and Kristina L. Swanenburg

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

In this chapter, the authors describe results from their analyses of published research on small groups, focusing on trends in behavioral assessment among small group researchers over the past 30 ... More


The Logic of Logic, and Beyond

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines Mancur Olson's arguments, which he articulated in The Logic of Collective Action, and compares them with those of his supporters and detractors. It also reviews the social ... More


Judges as Members of Small Groups

Wendy L. Martinek

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Virtually all appellate courts use groups of judges to decide cases. Accordingly, small group theory is a useful perspective for investigating appellate court decision making. In particular, ... More


Early Communities and States

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We can discover something about early, pre-literate social and political thought from archaeology, anthropology, and social biology. Humans evolved in small kin-groups, in which reciprocal altruism ... More


Small-Group Research

Amy J. Posey and Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in Trial Consulting

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195183092
eISBN:
9780199893454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183092.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Pre-trial small-group research (SGR) does not necessarily eliminate all surprises, but it can open the attorney’s and the client’s eyes to unforeseen problems or opportunities. The trouble with ... More


Communication, Coordinated Action, and Focal Points in Groups: From Dating Couples to Emergency Responders

Andrea B. Hollingshead

in Then A Miracle Occurs: Focusing on Behavior in Social Psychological Theory and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377798
eISBN:
9780199864522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377798.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

One of the most important forms of social behavior is communication. In this chapter, the author discusses the importance of communication, which she defines broadly as involving both verbal and ... More


Research Uses of Multiuser Virtual Environments

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter gives an overview of how multi-user virtual environments are increasingly being used for social research, beginning with a typology and review of these. One advantage is that all ... More


Hierarchy and Group Solidarity

Benjamin Kelly

in Petitions, Litigation, and Social Control in Roman Egypt

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599615
eISBN:
9780191731525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599615.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter examines cases in which people submitted petitions on behalf of other people, or on behalf of a group of which they were a part. It argues that the act of petitioning served to reinforce ... More


Purpose Driven Places: Small Performances in Big Churches

Justin G. Wilford

in Sacred Subdivisions: The Postsuburban Transformation of American Evangelicalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725351
eISBN:
9780814708309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725351.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter analyzes the fragmentation and diffusion of the PDE church through the small group. In members' homes every week, thousands of Saddleback members meet and enact their own performances ... More


The Academy as Model of America

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By looking at the relationship between daily personal experience and social thought, this chapter examines how the social structure academics sought for reforming academic culture reflected the ... More


The Challenges and Trials of Curricular Change

Peter Cave

in Schooling Selves: Autonomy, Interdependence, and Reform in Japanese Junior High Education

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226367729
eISBN:
9780226368054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226368054.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Early Childhood and Elementary Education

This chapter looks at how junior high schools tackled the two central curricular changes implemented from 2002, Integrated Studies (sōgō gakushū) and the expansion of elective subjects. The chapter ... More


Cohesion Theory: Explaining a Military’s Will to Fight

Jasen J. Castillo

in Endurance and War: The National Sources of Military Cohesion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789103
eISBN:
9780804790727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789103.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In this chapter cohesion theory is introduced to explain why national militaries differ in two important ways: (1) the ability of most units to fight hard on the battlefield and, (2) the capacity of ... More


Encountering Community

Shaul Kelner

in Tours That Bind: Diaspora, Pilgrimage, and Israeli Birthright Tourism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814748169
eISBN:
9780814749180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814748169.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the individual traveler as a member of the tour group. It outlines the ways that tour sponsors mobilize the small-group dynamics of the community of tourists both as a ... More


SACO Training Camps

Frederic Wakeman

in Spymaster: Dai Li and the Chinese Secret Service

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234079
eISBN:
9780520928763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234079.003.0021
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the training camps of the Sino-American Cooperative Organization (SACO) in China. It explains that while the goal of the program was to train Chinese guerrillas to fight the ... More


Germany, 1944–45

Jasen J. Castillo

in Endurance and War: The National Sources of Military Cohesion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789103
eISBN:
9780804790727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789103.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Chapter three examines Germany in World War II and World War I. The cohesion of German armed forces varied greatly between the two World Wars. The tenacity of the messianic German Army in World War ... More


The Puzzle of Human Ultrasociality: How Did Large-Scale Complex Societies Evolve?

Peter Turchin

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

After a long and turbulent history, the study of human cultural evolution is finally becoming comparable to the study of genetic evolution, with human history the counterpart of the biological fossil ... More


Listeners Moving: Music Listening as Embodied Experience

Jody L. Kerchner

in Music Across the Senses: Listening, Learning, and Making Meaning

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199967612
eISBN:
9780199369881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199967612.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

Most people experience music with the body and the mind, and we implicitly and explicitly ascribe meaning to it. But we do not always possess sufficient words to describe what we know and feel as we ... More


Thinking Together about Genocide: Socially Shared Cognition in Context

Holly Arrow and Alexander Garinther

in Socially Extended Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198801764
eISBN:
9780191840357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801764.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores how people “think together” in dyads, small groups, and larger collectives via mutual influence that organizes shared attention and intention, collectively constructs and ... More


The Elementary Forms of the Military Life

Anthony King

in The Combat Soldier: Infantry Tactics and Cohesion in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199658848
eISBN:
9780191752483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658848.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

General William Tecumseh Sherman famously declared that ‘war is hell’. This chapter begins by exploring how literary representations of combat in the twentieth century have confirmed his aphorism. ... More


Desire to Re-member

James K. Wellman, Katie E. Corcoran, and Kate J. Stockly

in High on God: How Megachurches Won the Heart of America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199827718
eISBN:
9780190053949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199827718.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In this chapter, we show how megachurches satisfy attendees’ desire to belong in a community of like-minded others. We describe the process by which attendees go from being spectators to being active ... More


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