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A Role For Stage 2 Sleep in Memory Processing

Rebecca Nader and Carlyle Smith

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Stage 2 sleep is the classification given to approximately 50 percent of the night of sleep in humans. It is recognized as having very salient features that distinguish it from other sleep stages. ... More


The Brain’s Default State: Self-Organized Oscillations in Rest and Sleep

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

In the absence of environmental inputs, such as during sleep, the brain engages in self-organized activity. The isolated neocortex, or small pieces of it, can sustain self-organized patterns. Neurons ... More


Microelectrode Studies of Human Sleep

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Sleep is a fundamental behavior that affects cognition, mood, health, and consciousness, but the mechanisms mediating the interplay between sleep and cognition remain unclear. Microelectrode sleep ... More


The Evolution of Sleep and Dreams

Frederick L. Coolidge

in Evolutionary Neuropsychology: An Introduction to the Evolution of the Structures and Functions of the Human Brain

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940942
eISBN:
9780190940973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940942.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology

Primitive sleep states developed from earth’s rotational cycle, where activities were constrained by alternating periods of light and dark. Extant reptiles, birds, mammals, and primates exhibit ... More


Internally Organized Activity During Offline Brain States

György Buzsáki

in The Brain from Inside Out

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190905385
eISBN:
9780190905415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190905385.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A prime example of internally organized patterns is observed during sleep. The best studied of these is the sharp wave ripple in the hippocampus. Neuronal sequences during ripple events reach back to ... More


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