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Skills and Unemployment

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the falling demand for low-skilled workers in Europe. It draws on data from the European Union Targeted Socio-Economic Research project, NEWSKILLS, which analysed the position ... More


An Empirical Analysis of Labor Immigration Programs in Forty-Six Countries

Martin Ruhs

in The Price of Rights: Regulating International Labor Migration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691132914
eISBN:
9781400848607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691132914.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the key features of labor immigration programs in high and middle-income countries in practice. After providing an overview of existing academic and policy literature that ... More


The Humble Origins of Modern Japan's Machine Industry

Jun Suzuki

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the importance of artisan workshops in the development of the machine manufacturing industry. Silk-reeling and coal mining, which played the significant role in Japan’s ... More


Supply of and Demand for Skilled Labor in the United States

Lynn A. Karoly and Constantijn W. A. Panis

in Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382433
eISBN:
9780199852352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382433.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The shift toward skilled immigrants in the legal immigration systems is by now a well-documented phenomenon. This chapter argues that a forecast of the developments in the supply of and demand for ... More


 Is the OECD Jobs Strategy behind U.S. and British Employment and Unemployment Success in the 1990s?

John Schmitt and Jonathan Wadsworth

in Fighting Unemployment: The Limits of Free Market Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165845
eISBN:
9780199835515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165845.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The authors investigate the extent to which the logic of flexibility that underpins the OECD’s Job Study can explain the relative labor-market performance of the United States and the United Kingdom. ... More


The Work Experience

Trevor Griffiths

in The Lancashire Working Classes c.1880-1930

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247387
eISBN:
9780191714429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247387.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Both the coal and the cotton industries in Britain were subject to important technological innovations during the years 1880-1930. The implications such innovations had for work practices reflect ... More


How Much Has LDC Trade Affected Western Job Markets?

Richard Freeman and Ana Revenga

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of trade with less developed countries (LDCs) on labour markets using a newly developed data set that links trade flows by industry and country to labour market ... More


Knowledge Wars

Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and David Ashton

in The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731688
eISBN:
9780199944125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explains why concerns about the education system in America in bringing the opportunity bargain are well founded. It begins by studying the globalization of highly skilled workers, or ... More


Trade With Emerging Countries and the Labour Market: The French Case

O. Cortes, S. Jean, and J. Pisani‐Ferry

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the effects of international trade on the French labour market. Between 1977 and 1993, trade with countries with GDP per capita less than that of France resulted in job losses ... More


Service Expansion, International Exposure, and Political Preferences

Anne Wren and Philipp Rehm

in The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657285
eISBN:
9780191745133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

In this chapter, Wren and Rehm show that, in tandem with the process of deindustrialization itself, one of the most striking demographic changes which has occurred in the labor markets of the ... More


The Impact of Globalization on Employment in Europe

André Sapir

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the effects of globalisation on the demand for low-skilled workers in Europe and the United States. Although there is little evidence that globalisation is the main cause of the ... More


Relative Prices, Trade and Restructuring in European Industry

Damien Neven and Charles Wyplosz

in Trade and Jobs in Europe: Much Ado About Nothing?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198293606
eISBN:
9780191601262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293607.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of trade on European labour markets using data on relative commodity prices and intra-sectoral skill levels. Drastic restructuring in unskilled labour-intensive ... More


Trends in International Migration in and from Africa

Aderanti Adepoju

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Africa is a region of considerable, essentially intra‐continental migration, consisting of regional movement by refugees, undocumented migrants, and seasonal labour migrants. Emigrants to northern ... More


U.S. Education and Training Policy: A Reevaluation of the Underlying Assumptions Behind the “New Consensus”

James J. Heckman

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The U.S. labor market has undergone dramatic changes and the situation has particularly worsened for low-skilled workers. A new consensus has emerged in certain circles that the American labor market ... More


Introduction

Trevor Griffiths

in The Lancashire Working Classes c.1880-1930

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247387
eISBN:
9780191714429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247387.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book examines the forces which helped shape working class identities in Britain during the years 1880-1930. Reflecting the analytical weight given to developments at the point of production, the ... More


The Innovation Activities of Multinational Enterprises and the Demand for Skilled-Worker, Nonimmigrant Visas

Stephen Ross Yeaple

in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226525525
eISBN:
9780226525662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226525662.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Cutting edge R&D requires highly differentiated skilled labor. The H-1B and L-1 visa programs exist in part to allow U.S. firms access to such skilled foreign labor but have been accused of hurting ... More


The Nadir, 1958

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

In 1958, conditions in Detroit’s auto industry went from bad to worse. Unemployment often exceeded 15 percent, easily double the national rate. Rampant inflation made things worse. Well over ... More


Strangers at the Gates: New Immigrants in Urban America

Roger Waldinger (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230927
eISBN:
9780520927711
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230927.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Immigration is remaking the United States. In New York, Los Angeles, Miami, San Francisco, and Chicago, the multiethnic society of tomorrow is already in place. Yet today's urban centers appear ... More


A “Painfully Inconvenient” Recession, 1954

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

During the 1954 recession, tens of thousands of Detroit autoworkers experienced prolonged layoffs and relied on unemployment pay and secondary jobs. Industry officials and civic leaders denied that ... More


Reducing Poverty and Inequality in India: Has Liberalization Helped?

Raghbendra Jha

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of India. Discusses the differences between the approach taken to liberalization in India (the Delhi ... More


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