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Low-Skilled Labour Migration

Christiane Kuptsch and Philip Martin

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores three questions: what global institutions regulate the international migration of low‐skilled workers (ILO and UN Conventions, regional and bilateral agreements), what processes ... More


High-Skilled Labour Migration

Alexander Betts and Lucie Cerna

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the global governance of high-skilled labour migration. Firstly, it argues that global governance in this area is predominantly characterized by unilateralism and bilateralism, ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance and Social Policy

Lance Taylor (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195145465
eISBN:
9780199783960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145465.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Reports on the effects of the fundamental economic policy shift in transition and developing countries after the mid‐1980s. Since that time, the “external liberalization” of international trade and ... More


Is the Brain Drain Good for Africa?

William Easterly and Yaw Nyarko

in Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382433
eISBN:
9780199852352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382433.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

As this chapter emphasizes, personal incentives are stacked in favor of emigration in many of the African countries that have outflows of skilled labor. The discussion provides some remarks on the ... More


The Race between Technology and Education: The Textbook Model

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter uses the textbook model of supply and demand of labour to discuss the race between technology and education and its impact on wages. It is shown that with a specified set of dynamics, ... More


The Dynamics of Migrant Employment in Construction: Can Supply of Skilled Labour ever Match Demand?

Paul Chan, Linda Clarke, and Andrew Dainty

in Who Needs Migrant Workers?: Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580590
eISBN:
9780191595257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580590.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

The role migrant workers play in reconciling supply and demand of skilled labour in the UK construction industry is scrutinized in this chapter. Given the idiosyncratic, project‐based nature of the ... More


What Knowledge Economy?

Phillip Brown, Anthony Hesketh, and Sara Williams

in The Mismanagement of Talent: Employability and Jobs in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269532
eISBN:
9780191699412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269532.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

Although it is a given that all of the services in the world's largest knowledge-based economy (KBE) need managers and leaders, there is still a need for janitors, fast food service crews, and other ... More


The Industrial Revolution: Britain and Europe

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines why Britain managed, for about a century, to generate and diffuse superior production techniques at a faster rate than the Continent, and to serve as a model that all European ... More


Employers and the Evolution of Skilled Work

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the role of employers in the demand for skilled labour. It first considers the factors underlying the demand for skill and proceeds by using a simple model of how firms behave ... More


The Impact of Migration on Child Labour: Theory and Evidence from Brazil

Garance Genicot, Anna Maria Mayda, and Mariapia Mendola

in Markets, Governance, and Institutions in the Process of Economic Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198812555
eISBN:
9780191850356
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812555.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates the impact of internal migration on child labour outcomes in Brazil. In our model, migration impacts child labour through changes in the local labour market, which is made ... More


Conclusions to Part I

Alastair J. Reid

in The Tide of Democracy: Shipyard Workers and Social Relations in Britain, 1870-1950

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081033
eISBN:
9781781702949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081033.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter presents conclusions to Part I, covering Chapters 1–5. The development of modern economies is certainly accompanied by an increasing division of labour and an increasing use of ... More


Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan

Keiko Ito and Kyoji Fukao

in International Trade in East Asia

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226378961
eISBN:
9780226379005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226379005.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates the changing international trade patterns and their effect on factor intensities in Japan, mainly focusing on the manufacturing sector. The factor content analysis showed ... More


Men at Work

Emma Griffin

in Liberty's Dawn: A People's History of the Industrial Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300151800
eISBN:
9780300194814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300151800.003.0002
Subject:
History, Economic History

The industrial revolution is believed to have destroyed older, more benign, working patterns in Britain. In his book Condition of the Working Class in England, Friedrich Engels offers an unflattering ... More


Multinational Firms: Reconciling Theory and Evidence

James R. Markusen and Keith E. Maskus

in Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226060835
eISBN:
9780226060859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060859.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The field of international trade developed in the modern era, largely as a study of trade in goods. Although it had many antecedents, an industrial-organization approach to trade was developed in the ... More


Labor Relations and the Politics of Commitment

Mara Marin

in Connected by Commitment: Oppression and Our Responsibility to Undermine It

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190498627
eISBN:
9780190498641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190498627.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 5 argues that work makes us vulnerable to those whose labor is presupposed by ours. The hierarchical division between high- and low-skilled labor, justified by ideas of personal achievement ... More


The Wall

David B. Audretsch

in Entrepreneurial Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195183504
eISBN:
9780199783885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183504.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Knowledge has emerged as the critical factor to generate economic growth, jobs, and competitiveness in a globalized economy. However, science, research, and human capital do not do the taxpayers much ... More


From Crisis to War, 1938–1939

Alan F. Wilt

in Food for War: Agriculture and Rearmament in Britain before the Second World War

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208716
eISBN:
9780191717024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208716.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the events during the times of crisis up to those leading to World War II. During 1939, the nation moved toward a war footing, but the preparations were not as rapid as they ... More


Skilled and Unskilled Labor

Francesco Caselli

in Technology Differences over Space and Time

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691146027
eISBN:
9781400883608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146027.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines how skilled and unskilled labor vary across countries by taking into account the wage rate for skilled labor and the wage rate for unskilled labor, based on the assumption that ... More


An Endogenous Technology Framework

Francesco Caselli

in Technology Differences over Space and Time

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691146027
eISBN:
9781400883608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146027.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an endogenous technology framework capable of rationalizing the finding that technology differences are biased toward skilled labor, reproducible capital, and labor. In this ... More


Skills and Capital Over Time and Across Countries

Francesco Caselli

in Technology Differences over Space and Time

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691146027
eISBN:
9781400883608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146027.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines whether the trends in skill bias observed in the United States are common to other economies and extends the time series analysis to include capital. It first estimates, for ... More


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