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Models of High Skills in National Competition Strategies

Andy Green and Akiko Sakamoto

in High Skills: Globalization, Competitiveness, and Skill Formation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244188
eISBN:
9780191697340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244188.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

This chapter begins by reviewing policy arguments for high skills. It then hypothesizes four types of high-skills strategies characterized primarily by a predominance of (a) high skilled elites and ... More


Skill Formation in the Twenty-First Century

Phillip Brown

in High Skills: Globalization, Competitiveness, and Skill Formation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244188
eISBN:
9780191697340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244188.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

This introductory chapter examines human capital theory and how it has been extended to explain global economic trends and the scope for skill-formation policies in the new economic competition. ... More


The Comparative Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Marius R. Busemeyer and Christine Trampusch

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

From a historical-institutionalist and firm-centered perspective, decisions on the division of labor between firms, associations, and the state in providing and financing skills are the core factor ... More


Globalization and the Political Economy of High Skills

Phillip Brown

in High Skills: Globalization, Competitiveness, and Skill Formation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244188
eISBN:
9780191697340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244188.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

This chapter begins with some concluding comments based on the analyses in the preceding chapters. It then discusses the future of skill formation, trade-offs, the impact of globalization, upgrading ... More


The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Marius R. Busemeyer and Christine Trampusch (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Education, skill formation, and training continue to be important areas of consideration for both public policy and research. This book examines the particular types of vocational training known as ... More


Innovation Capabilities and Skill Formation

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Industrial innovation involves the integration of R&D including basic, developmental, and applied research with production. Three models are contrasted: science‐push, incremental, and regional or ... More


Cluster Dynamics in Malaysian Electronics

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The capabilities and innovation perspective is applied to Malaysian electronics, a case of rapid growth and industrial development for over three decades but with disappointing productivity gains. In ... More


Europeanization and the Varying Responses in Collective Skill Systems

Justin J.W. Powell and Christine Trampusch

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

To what extent and in which directions are Europe-wide processes affecting the collective skill formation systems analyzed in this book, namely those in Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, ... More


Educational Policy Actors as Stakeholders in the Development of the Collective Skill System: The Case of Switzerland

Philipp Gonon and Markus Maurer

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The historical development of Switzerland’s collective skill formation system is strongly interrelated with the structure and overall trajectory of the country’s political economic system. From early ... More


Policies to Create and Destroy Human Capital in Europe

James J. Heckman and Bas Jacobs

in Perspectives on the Performance of the Continental Economies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015318
eISBN:
9780262295413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015318.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Human capital accumulation is a dynamic process. The skills acquired in one stage of the life cycle affect both the initial conditions and the technology of learning at the next stage. Different ... More


Framing the Analysis of Skilled Work

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter sets out the essential economic framework that houses the generation and use of skills in the capitalist economy. It focuses on the two main actors, employers and workers, who ... More


Skill Systems and the Role of the State

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the potential role of government in the promotion of skilled work or the generation of skills within the context of different varieties of a capitalist economy. It begins with ... More


Employers and Skill Formation

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the role of employers in the supply of skill formation services. It begins with an overview of the importance of work for skill formation before presenting a theoretical ... More


Skill Matching Processes, Problems, and Outcomes

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the market for the demands and supplies of skilled labour and the market for the demands for and supplies of skill formation services, with particular emphasis on the outcomes ... More


The Effects of Minimum Wages on Skills

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

in Minimum Wages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the effects of minimum wages on skill formation. It begins by studying the direct effects of minimum wages on schooling, focusing both on their overall effects and on ... More


Skilled Workers for Skilled Work

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the extent to which workers can make rational decisions in their role of supplying skilled labour and in their demands for learning new skills. It begins with an overview of ... More


A Political-Institutional Model of Real Exchange Rates, Competitiveness, and the Division of Labor

Torben Iversen and David Soskice

in The Political Economy of the Service Transition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657285
eISBN:
9780191745133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657285.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter addresses three related and unsolved puzzles in the political economy literature on advanced economies that are closely related to three central themes for this volume: prices, ... More


Skilled Work and Job Quality

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book presents a political economy of skills and skilled work. Drawing on a multidisciplinary framework involving economics, sociology, management, psychology, and political science, it describes ... More


The Measurement of Skill

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter deals with some acceptable principles and practices of the measurement of skill. It first presents organising lists of skill indicators in common usage and the concepts to which they ... More


The Earned Income Tax Credit

V. Joseph Hotz and John Karl Scholz

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) has been one of the fastest-growing means-tested programs in the country. It provides a refundable tax credit to families with earnings that can be as high as ... More


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