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Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Craig Speelman and Kim Kirsner

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

For years now, learning has been at the heart of research within cognitive psychology. How do we acquire new knowledge and new skills? Are the principles underlying skill acquisition unique to ... More


Skill acquisition: History, questions, and theories

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the history of research into skill acquisition, and reviews the key questions and theories that have framed this research. Issues include the existence of plateaus in learning ... More


Challenges

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a number of challenges for research into skill acquisition and transfer. In particular, a range of factors are considered that can determine whether a skill will be ... More


Introduction

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter begins the case for how behaviour can be understood with just a small number of learning principles. Firstly the notion of learning curves is introduced, and common ... More


The lexicon

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter tests the Component Theory of Skill Acquisition against phenomena reported in relation to the mental lexicon. Research on repetition priming with tasks such lexical decision is reviewed, ... More


A new view

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further develops the Component Theory of Skill Acquisition. Halloy's theory of complex systems is used as inspiration for proposing a mechanism whereby practice on a task affects ... More


A new framework

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses some of the shortcomings of the research and theories of skill acquisition and transfer with the proposal of a new theory. Five principles of learning are presented, which were ... More


Taking an Acquired Skills Perspective on Music Performance

Reinhard Kopiez

in MENC Handbook of Musical Cognition and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304565
eISBN:
9780199850723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304565.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter sums up some of the research in skill acquisition, which stresses the environmental aspects of music learning, especially in learning to play an instrument. Research in the acquisition ... More


An Example Order for Cognitive Skill Acquisition

Alexander Renkl and Robert K. Atkinson

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first provides an overview of the various stages of cognitive skill acquisition in order to situate learning from worked-out examples in the course of learning a new skill. It then ... More


Affirmative Action and Reservations in the American and Indian Labor Markets: Are They Really That Bad?

Edward Montgomery

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The theoretical and empirical evidence of the economic effects of affirmative action or quota (positive discrimination) programmes for minority racial groups in the USA, and of reservations of ... More


Movement imagery, observation, and skill

Paul S. Holmes, Jennifer Cumming, and Martin G. Edwards

in The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199546251
eISBN:
9780191701412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546251.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews the literature evidencing that motor imagery and observation can modulate skill. It considers the neuroscientific ... More


Variability, Noise, and Sensitivity to Error in Learning a Motor Task

Dagmar Sternad and Masaki O. Abe

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Variability is a ubiquitous characteristic in even highly skilled performance, and it can serve as a useful window into the determinants of skill acquisition and control. Variability is specifically ... More


The Brain that makes Music and is Changed by it

Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter begins by discussing how learning to play the piano changes the brain. An experiment is shown which correlate skill acquisition with changes in motor cortical output. It is demonstrated ... More


Giftedness and Evidence for Reproducibly Superior Performance: An Account Based on the Expert-Performance Framework

K. Anders Ericsson, Roy W. Roring, Kiruthiga Nandagopal, and Florida State University, USA

in The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199794003
eISBN:
9780199345212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Giftedness researchers have long debated whether there is empirical evidence to support a distinction between giftedness and attained level of achievement. In this paper we propose a general ... More


The Paradox of “Unlimited” Labor and Rising Wages

Alice H. Amsden

in Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195076035
eISBN:
9780199870691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195076036.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

The forces behind the operation of the labor market and real wage increases in South Korea are examined. It is argued that in industries in which the technology transfer problem was fairly ... More


My Exploration of Gagné’s “evidence” for Innate Talent: It is Gagné who is Omitting Troublesome Information so as to present more Convincing Accusations

K. Anders Ericsson

in The Complexity of Greatness: Beyond Talent or Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199794003
eISBN:
9780199345212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The accusations in Gagnés (this volume) chapter are addressed and discussed. More importantly, this chapter describes the detailed differences between our two theoretical frameworks. Our theoretical ... More


The Role of Play in Human Development

Anthony Pellegrini

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195367324
eISBN:
9780199894185
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367324.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

While the subject of play may seem trivial for behavioral science, E. O. Wilson noted that understanding the significance of play is an important challenge facing scholars in these fields. Play is ... More


Opportunity, Identity, and Servility

Bridget Hill

in Servants: English Domestics in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206217
eISBN:
9780191677021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206217.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the conditions of domestic servants in England during the 18th century in terms of wages and opportunity for skills acquisition. It highlights the claims that contrary to ... More


Minimum Wages

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Minimum wages exist in more than one hundred countries, both industrialized and developing. The United States passed a federal minimum wage law in 1938 and has increased the minimum wage and its ... More


Skills Analysis for Modern Economies

Francis Green

in Skills and Skilled Work: An Economic and Social Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199642854
eISBN:
9780191808661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199642854.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines how skills analysis can be used to support evidence-based policymaking. It considers skills audits and their use in describing and projecting skills supply and skills demand, in ... More


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