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The Moral Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book challenges the traditional picture of the skeptic who asks, “Why be moral?” and demands a demonstration that acting in morally required ways is rationally required. It argues that we defeat ... More


Introduction The Interpretive Problem

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out the fundamental goal of the book: to make sense out of the radical change in perspective from a buoyant confidence at the start of book 1 of the Treatise to a serious case of ... More


 Religion, Democratization, and European Union Enlargement

Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu

in Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Romania

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195308532
eISBN:
9780199785728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308532.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The concluding chapter examines the divisions within the leadership of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and the recent victory of the conservatives over the more reformist leaders, and discusses the ... More


 Faith, Revelation, and Reason

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines medieval and modern views about the meanings of reason, belief, faith, revelation, and truth, and the relationships between them. It provides moving testimony from a devout ... More


Introduction

Jacalyn Duffin

in Medical Miracles: Doctors, Saints, and Healing in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195336504
eISBN:
9780199868612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336504.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Introduction outlines the author's reasons for writing this book and presents the format of the following chapters. It mentions the background to the book: four research trips to the Vatican from ... More


The Different Spiritualities of the Students We Teach

Robert J. Nash and DeMethra LaSha Bradley

in The American University in a Postsecular Age: Religion and the Academy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323443
eISBN:
9780199869145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323443.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Nash and Bradley offer an empirically‐based typology of student spirituality that includes orthodox believers, mainline believers, existential humanists, scientific empiricists, and skeptics. They ... More


The Motive Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines whether we need, for a complete defeat of skepticism, to defeat the motive skeptic, who is not an action skeptic, yet believes there no rational requirements on the relevant ... More


Scepticism about Feasibility and Conclusions

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by summarizing central findings from the book. The main task of the chapter, however, is to address feasibility skeptics, that is, those who believe that trying to implement the ... More


Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

John M. Cooper

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is a major reinterpretation of ancient philosophy that recovers the long Greek and Roman tradition of philosophy as a complete way of life—and not simply an intellectual discipline. The book ... More


Introduction

Judith G. Kelley

in Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works, and Why It Often Fails

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152776
eISBN:
9781400842520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152776.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter discusses the credibility of international institutions and the methods the international community uses to promote good domestic governance. It asks about whether ... More


Standards of Rationality and the Challenge of the Moral Skeptic

Anita M. Superson and University of Kentucky

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The traditional model of the skeptic about morally required action takes rational action to be action that best promotes the agent's self‐interest. Hobbesian contractarians expand this position by ... More


Conversation and Deserved Blame

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter is devoted to getting clear on what a desert thesis for blame might come to. A desert thesis for blame, it is argued, need not commit to the proposition that a wrongdoer must be harmed ... More


Introduction

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter introduces the topic of the book: to define the position of the moral skeptic about practical reason. It justifies the project on theoretical and practical grounds, highlights the ways ... More


The Self‐Interest‐Based Contractarian Response to the Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines the self‐interest based contractarian response to the skeptic. Such contractarians (e.g., Gauthier) reject the Hobbesian strategy of demonstrating that every morally required ... More


What Types of Leaders Fight for “Face”?

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Who Fights for Reputation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181288
eISBN:
9781400889983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181288.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses what self-monitoring is, and how and why individuals differ in their self-monitoring dispositions. Self-monitoring concerns the extent to which individuals strategically ... More


Skepticism

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on skepticism, sorting out the various ways in which the notion of a skeptic can be understood and the various forms that skepticism can take. Informally, to be skeptical about ... More


Modest Responses to These Challenges

Robert Fogelin

in Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A common thread runs through the previous three chapters: the detachment of the intellectual from all nonintellectual controlling constraints. The image of this difficulty is beautifully captured by ... More


The Epicurean and Skeptic Ways of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Epicurean and Pyrrhonian skeptic ways of life. It argues that the Epicurean life, however much grounded in the results of philosophical analysis and argument, and however ... More


Folk physics cannot be assumed

Daniel J. Povinelli

in Folk Physics for Apes: The Chimpanzee's theory of how the world works

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198572190
eISBN:
9780191584978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198572190.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the purpose of the book, which is to probe chimpanzees' understanding of the physics that allow such acts of tool using and making in the first place — their ... More


Contextualism

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the extent to which contextualism constitutes a further rival view in epistemology proper, and offers reasons to doubt that it is. Contextualism has gained center stage in ... More


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