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Commonsense Skeptical Theism 1

Michael Bergmann

in Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind: New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199766864
eISBN:
9780199932184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766864.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Commonsensism takes common-sense starting points seriously in responding to and rejecting radical skepticism. Skeptical theism endorses a sort of skepticism that, according to some, has radical ... More


On the Epistemological Framework for Skeptical Theism

John M. DePoe

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Most contemporary versions of skeptical theism are motivated solely by the idea that the human cognitive situation is such that individuals are unable to distinguish whether or not their judgment ... More


Skeptical Theism, Abductive Atheology, and Theory Versioning*

Timothy Perrine and Stephen J. Wykstra

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

What is called “the evidential argument from evil” is not one argument but a family of them, originating (perhaps) in the 1979 formulation of William Rowe. Wykstra’s early versions of skeptical ... More


Phenomenal Conservatism and Skeptical Theism

Jonathan D. Matheson

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Recently there has been a good deal of interest in the relationship between common-sense epistemology and skeptical theism. Much of the debate has focused on phenomenal conservatism and any tension ... More


Skeptical Theism within Reason*

Ted Poston

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Skeptical theism insists that a general inability to scrutinize a God-justifying reason does not provide good evidence that there is no reason. The core motivation for skeptical theism is that the ... More


Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Trent Dougherty and Justin P. McBrayer (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Given that we meet evils in every quarter of the world, could it be governed by an all-good and all-powerful deity? Some philosophers say no and claim that the problem of evil is good evidence for ... More


Meet the New Skeptical Theism, Same as the Old Skeptical Theism

Paul Draper

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 11 attempted to retool Stephen J. Wykstra’s brand of skeptical theism so that it is effective against abductive or “Humean” arguments from evil. The result is a radically new form of ... More


Where Skeptical Theism Fails, Skeptical Atheism Prevails

Paul Draper

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 7

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757702
eISBN:
9780191818448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757702.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An ‘evidential argument from evil’ is defined as an attempt to show that something we know about evil lowers the epistemic probability of theism being true. Such arguments must show that, for some ... More


Learning Not to be Naïve: A Comment on the Exchange between Perrine/Wykstra and Draper

Lara Buchak

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Does postulating skeptical theism undermine the claim that evil strongly confirms atheism over theism? Chapter 11, it does undermine the claim, because evil is no more likely on atheism than on ... More


Phenomenal Conservatism, Skeptical Theism, and Probabilistic Reasoning

Trent Dougherty

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter goes through a dynamic modeling process which is perfectly general, and shows that even granting pretty much everything Matheson claims as premises in this volume, phenomenal ... More


Agnosticism, Skeptical Theism, and Moral Obligation

Stephen Maitzen

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Skeptical theism combines theism with skepticism about one’s capacity to discern God’s morally sufficient reasons for permitting evil. Proponents have claimed that skeptical theism defeats the ... More


Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Michael Bergmann, Michael J. Murray, and Michael C. Rea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Numerous critics of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have argued that God, especially in the Hebrew Bible, is often portrayed as morally vicious. For example, historical narratives in these texts ... More


Replies to Long and Tucker

E. J. Coffman

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter, which replies to Chapters 4 and 5, by Todd Long and Chris Tucker, has two main goals. First, it aims to show that what Long calls minimal skeptical theism has the weakness that Chapter ... More


The Argument from Evil and the Ethics of the Anselmian Being

Mark C. Murphy

in God's Own Ethics: Norms of divine agency and the argument from evil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198796916
eISBN:
9780191840043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796916.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Prior formulations of the problem of evil, for example, by J. L. Mackie, William Rowe, and Paul Draper, assume that God must have requiring reasons to prevent evils to creatures, and use that ... More


Sri Ramakrishna’s Multidimensional Response to the Problem of Evil: Skeptical Theism, Saint-Making Theodicy, and the Panentheistic Standpoint of Vijñāna

Ayon Maharaj

in Infinite Paths to Infinite Reality: Sri Ramakrishna and Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190868239
eISBN:
9780190868260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868239.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter reconstructs Sri Ramakrishna’s response to the problem of evil. Several of Sri Ramakrishna’s visitors argued that instances of apparently pointless evil make it reasonable to believe ... More


Evil and Evidence

Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne, and Yoaav Isaacs

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 7

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757702
eISBN:
9780191818448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757702.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of evil is the most prominent argument against the existence of God. Skeptical theists contend that it is not a good argument. Their reasons for this contention vary widely, involving ... More


Two New Versions of Skeptical Theism

Andrew Cullison

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends two new versions of skeptical theism that avoid the “Reasoning About God Problem.” Traditional skeptical theists appeal to an epistemic principle to argue that one cannot infer ... More


An Open Theist Theodicy of Natural Evil

William Hasker

in Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590629
eISBN:
9780191731280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets forth a theodicy of natural evil. General characteristics of theodicy are discussed, including the distinction between general‐policy theodicies and specific-benefit theodicies. ... More


God Beyond Justice

Mark C. Murphy

in Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Suppose that one aimed to call into question the moral goodness of the God of the Old Testament by appeal to God's command to destroy Jericho (Joshua 6: 16–21). In this chapter it is argued that the ... More


Why Skeptical Theism isn’t Skeptical Enough

Chris Tucker

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

The most common charge against skeptical theism is that it is too skeptical, i.e. it committed to some undesirable form of skepticism or another. This chapter contends that Michael Bergmann’s ... More


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