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Exploiting molecular and isotopic signals at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition

Richard P. Evershed

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The paucity of cultural finds at this key stage in human prehistory increases the need to fully and effectively exploit all the sources of evidence that exist. Organic residues, preserved in ... More


Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Raymond R. Rogers, David A. Eberth, and Anthony R. Fiorillo (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The vertebrate fossil record extends back more than 500 million years, and bonebeds—localized concentrations of the skeletal remains of vertebrate animals—help unlock the secrets of this long ... More


History of the Development of Paleopathology in the United Kingdom (UK)

Charlotte A. Roberts

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0061
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of paleopathology in the UK (England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland). Paleopathology is considered a field within bioarchaeology, which is the study of ... More


Skeletal Remains and the Health of the Population at Pompeii

Estelle Lazer

in The Economy of Pompeii

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198786573
eISBN:
9780191828898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786573.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter by Estelle Lazer discusses the health of Pompeii’s population based on the skeletal remains found on site. It offers a critical discussion of this massively complicated dataset, which ... More


Regional Developments: Southeast Asia

Nancy Tayles, Siân Halcrow, and Natthamon Pureepatpong

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0057
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of paleopathology in Southeast Asia. The discipline of paleopathology in the region has a short history, which is reflected in the limited availability of human ... More


Massacres: Bioarchaeology and Forensic Anthropology Approaches

Cheryl P. Anderson and Debra L. Martin (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781683400691
eISBN:
9781683400813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400691.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

Bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology offer unique perspectives on studies of mass violence and present opportunities to interpret human skeletal remains in a broader cultural context. Massacres ... More


History of Paleopathology in Japan

Parthenia Giannakopoulou and Takao Suzuki

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0048
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of paleopathology in Japan, which dates back more than 110 years. The oldest publication focused on syphilitic bone changes in Ainu skeletal remains (Koganei 1894). ... More


A Short History of Paleopathological Research in Hungary

György Pálfi, Antonia Marcsik, and Ildikó Pap

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0045
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of paleopathology in Hungary. The study of pathological alterations in skeletal remains from various time periods can be traced back for nearly a century. Thus, the ... More


Crafting the Body Beautiful: Performing Social Identity at Santa Isabel, Nicaragua

Geoffrey G. McCafferty and Sharisse D. McCafferty

in Mesoamerican Figurines: Small-Scale Indices of Large-Scale Social Phenomena

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033303
eISBN:
9780813039350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033303.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In agency-based archaeology, a theoretical trend fosters a great interest in how the human body serves as a venue for negotiating and expressing social identity. Archaeological evidence may thus be ... More


Interpersonal violence in the Late Mesolithic and Middle Neolithic in the Netherlands

Elisabeth Smits

in Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199573066
eISBN:
9780191804434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0011
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter presents the results of a study of skeletal remains from three Late Mesolithic and Middle Neolithic sites in the Netherlands. The remains revealed evidence for interpersonal violence. ... More


Violence against the living, violence against the dead on the human remains from Herxheim, Germany. Evidence of a crisis and mass cannibalism?

Jörg Orschiedt and Miriam Noël Haidle

in Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199573066
eISBN:
9780191804434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter presents research on the controversial Late LBK enclosure at Herxheim in southwest Germany. Early interpretations of the human bone assemblage from the site emphasized the presence of ... More


Life on the Edge of the Casma Polity

Melissa A. Vogel

in Frontier Life in Ancient Peru: The Archaeology of Cerro la Cruz

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037967
eISBN:
9780813042176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037967.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter describes the results of research at the site of Cerro la Cruz and presents the most important interpretations derived from this data, answering several central questions regarding life ... More


Dinosaur Distribution

David B. Weishampel, Paul M. Barrett, Rodolfo A. Coria, Jean Le Loeuff, Xu Xing, Zhao Xijin, Ashok Sahni, Elizabeth M. P. Gomani, and Christopher R. Noto

in The Dinosauria

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242098
eISBN:
9780520941434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242098.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes all dinosaur locations currently known worldwide. Geographic location is based on primary administrative divisions (e.g., states, departments, provinces, counties) of the ... More


Calvin Percival Bamfylde Wells (1908–1978)

Charlotte A. Roberts and Keith Manchester

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents a biographical sketch of Calvin Percival Bamfylde Wells. This is followed by a discussion of his contributions to paleopathology. Wells was a key pioneer for the development of ... More


War in the World, War in Southeast Asia

Nam C. Kim

in The Origins of Ancient Vietnam

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199980888
eISBN:
9780190268879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199980888.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter provides an overview of the global archaeological record for ancient warfare. A growing body of datasets from around the world now documents the existence of conflict and warfare in ... More


The Neolithic massacre at Talheim: a pivotal find in conflict archaeology

Joachim Wahl and Iris Trautmann

in Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199573066
eISBN:
9780191804434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter revisits the paradigm-shifting Early Neolithic mass grave at Talheim, southwest Germany, dating from ca. 5000 cal BC. The discussion focuses on the sequence of events which led to the ... More


David Birkett (1934–1990)

Charlotte A. Roberts and Keith Manchester

in The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389807
eISBN:
9780190254308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389807.003.0020
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents a biographical sketch of David Birkett. This is followed by a discussion of his contributions to paleopathology. Like many medical practitioners who find themselves working in ... More


The Politicization of the Dead: Violence as Performance, Politics as Usual

Ventura R. Pérez

in The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041506
eISBN:
9780813043876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041506.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Research on violence needs to move beyond viewing violence simply as an abhorrent act and develop a means of understanding why violence is a constant in human societies. The intent of this chapter by ... More


Violence in the Stone Age from an eastern Baltic perspective

Rimantas Jankauskas

in Sticks, Stones, and Broken Bones: Neolithic Violence in a European Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199573066
eISBN:
9780191804434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199573066.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter presents the results of a study on traces of violence found on Lithuanian and Latvian Stone Age skeletal materials. Nearly 250 Mesolithic and Neolithic skeletons from Lithuania and ... More


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