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Empirics of the Urban Structure and Its Evolution

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the empirics of urban structure and evolution. It first considers Zipf's law for cities and the vibrant exchanges both over theory and empirics pertaining to it. It then ... More


Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

For a given electoral system, what average number and size distribution of parties can we expect? This book makes specific predictions that agree with world averages. The basic factors are assembly ... More


How Electoral Systems Matter

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

An electoral system helps determine the number and size distribution of parties in a country, as well as cabinet duration. Electoral systems are expressed in electoral laws. Their impact depends on ... More


Using Size Distributions to Understand the Role of Body Size in Mammalian Community Assembly

S. K. Morgan Ernest

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the evidence demonstrating the role body size plays in mammal communities; discusses the important insights that can be obtained by broadening the mammalian research agenda to ... More


Macroecological Patterns of Body Size in Mammals across Time and Space

S. Kathleen Lyons and Felisa A. Smith

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the macroecological patterns of body size in mammals across space and time. It addresses the following questions: How similar are overall body size distributions across ... More


Size-structured models

Louis W. Botsford, J. Wilson White, and Alan Hastings

in Population Dynamics for Conservation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198758365
eISBN:
9780191818301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758365.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter begins by revisiting the M’Kendrick/von Foerster model, but using size instead of age as the state variable. It then uses the lessons from that model to describe how individual growth ... More


Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

John Harte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A goal of every science is comprehensive theory that is predictive, realistic, and parsimonious. Is such theory possible in ecology? The sheer complexity, historical contingency, and scale-dependence ... More


Polydisperse and interacting systems

Dmitri I. Svergun, Michel H. J. Koch, Peter A. Timmins, and Roland P. May

in Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199639533
eISBN:
9780191747731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639533.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Chapter 5 deals with the systems, which deviate from the ideal monodisperse solutions. The most important cases of such systems are (i) solutions of particles differing in size, shape or conformation ... More


Cities as Six-by-Six-Mile Squares: Zipf's Law?

Thomas J. Holmes and Sanghoon Lee (eds)

in Agglomeration Economics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226297897
eISBN:
9780226297927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226297927.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

A question in urban economics that has attracted much attention is the extent to which the size distribution of cities obeys Zipf's law. This chapter considers a new approach to looking at population ... More


The geometry of fracture networks

Pierre M. Adler, Jean-François Thovert, and Valeri V. Mourzenko

in Fractured Porous Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666515
eISBN:
9780191748639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666515.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter deals with the geometry of random networks. The fractures are generally considered as plane objects such as polygons. The most important question relative to these networks is whether ... More


The Way Forward

Felisa A. Smith and S. Kathleen Lyons

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by summarizing the book's main themes. First, we can now begin to appreciate just how much variation there is in body size among most groups of animals. Second, there are ... More


Statistical description and structural correlations

Walter Steurer and Julia Dshemuchadse

in Intermetallics: Structures, Properties, and Statistics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198714552
eISBN:
9780191782848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714552.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

In this chapter, a statistical analysis of all structures and structure types of the intermetallic compounds contained in the reduced database “Pearson’s Crystal Data” (PCD) is discussed. The goal is ... More


Crystallization of granitic magmas

Anne Nédélec and Jean-Luc Bouchez

in Granites: Petrology, Structure, Geological Setting, and Metallogeny

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198705611
eISBN:
9780191774515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705611.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Important aspects of magma crystallization are examined in detail, from the formation of the first crystal nuclei and their growth to the fate of the late-magmatic processes, such as residual melts, ... More


Robert M. Solow

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson

in Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter looks at the work of Robert M. Solow, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1987. Solow was born in 1924 and recieved his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.from Harvard University. He started out ... More


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