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The Automaticity Juggernaut—or, Are We Automatons After All?

John F Kihlstrom

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The distinction between automatic and controlled cognitive processes was imported into social psychology, and formed the basis for a new generation of “dual-process” theories of social cognition and ... More


Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One of the most important developments in modern moral philosophy is the resurgence of interest in the virtues. This book explores two important hopes for such an approach to moral thought: that ... More


London Underground: A Cultural Geography

David Ashford

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781846318597
eISBN:
9781846318016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846318597.001.0000
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Engaging with the rich catalogue of cultural material relating to the London Underground, this cultural geography sets out to explore one of the strangest spaces of the modern world. The first to ... More


The Enumeration Problem

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter articulates a problem that virtue ethicists and their critics alike have almost entirely ignored, but which if unresolved would jeopardize the very possibility of virtue ethics. This ... More


Situations and Broad‐Based Dispositions

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Philosophical psychologists have told us that “situationism” is bad news for virtue ethics and virtue theory more generally. Situationism is a research paradigm in social psychology that holds that ... More


Situations and Dispositions: Examining the Evidence

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines a body of social-psychological experiments that appear to give evidence against dispositionist accounts of personality and in favor of the importance of situation construal for ... More


Character and Social Role

Jennifer Radden and John Z. Sadler

in The Virtuous Psychiatrist: Character Ethics in Psychiatric Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389371
eISBN:
9780199866328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389371.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Some tensions inherent in joining the traditional concept of character to that of social roles are outlined in Chapter 6. They are illustrated through a discussion of the moral psychological dangers ... More


The Policy IAT

Jon Hanson and Mark Yeboah

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since its initial publication, the Implicit Association Test (IAT) has been applied in a diverse array of disciplines. Application to the legal and policy arenas, however, has been uncommon. This is ... More


Attributions and Ideologies: Two Divergent Visions of Human Behavior Behind Our Laws, Policies, and Theories

Adam Benforado and Jon Hanson

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes a major rift extending across many important debates over our legal structures, policies, and theories of law. It argues that the divide is based, to a significant extent, on ... More


Seeing Bias: Discrediting and Dismissing Accurate Attributions

Adam Benforado and Jon Hanson

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the way in which dispositionism maintains its dominance as an attributional framework despite failing to capture accurately the causes of human behavior. The answer lies in a ... More


Backlash: The Reaction to Mind Sciences in Legal Academia

Adam Benforado and Jon Hanson

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter demonstrates that naive cynicism is a pervasive dynamic that shapes policy debates big and small. It argues that naïve cynicism can operate at a particular moment or over long periods of ... More


What’s Love Got to Do with It?: Stereotypical Women in Dispositionist Torts

Fernanda Nicola

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores how ideology influences legal change. In particular, it discusses how feminist ideologies, often allied with social conservative ones, have changed how lawyers and judges ... More


From Situationism to Virtue Theory

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter turns from social psychology to philosophical psychology, arguing that the positive account of personality suggested by situationism is one that virtue theory can naturally embrace, ... More


Moral Motivation and Metacognition

Mark Rowlands

in Can Animals Be Moral?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199842001
eISBN:
9780199979844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842001.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The other difference that effective critical scrutiny of motivations brings is an alteration in the cognitive structure of motivation. This takes the form of metacognition: higher-order thoughts ... More


Two cheers for virtue: or, might virtue be habit forming? 1

Peter Railton

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Traditional virtue-oriented approaches to ethics suppose that acquiring relatively stable character traits, such as courage and compassion, is crucial in addressing the question of how to be. ... More


Instigators of Genocide: Examining Hitler From a Social-Psychological Perspective

David R. Mandel

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The question “What can social psychology tell us about the Holocaust?” is a difficult and complex one to answer. Perhaps it is fair to begin by saying that the Holocaust has influenced our ... More


War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame

Matthew Talbert and Jessica Wolfendale

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190675875
eISBN:
9780190675905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675875.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 2005, US Marines killed 24 unarmed Iraqi civilians in the town of Haditha. How should we assess the perpetrators of this and other war crimes? Is it unfair to blame the Marines because they were ... More


Gesture in 1960: Toward Literal Situations

Lytle Shaw (ed.)

in Frank O'Hara Now: New Essays on the New York Poet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781846312311
eISBN:
9781846316067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846312311.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter addresses the crisis in ‘gestural’ painting of the late 1950s in the context of O'Hara's collaboration with Norman Bluhm: the Poem-Paintings. It places these works provocatively ... More


Epistemic Situationism

Abrol Fairweather and Mark Alfano (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199688234
eISBN:
9780191767548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199688234.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume is the first sustained examination of epistemic situationism: the clash between virtue epistemology and the situationist hypothesis inspired by research in empirical psychology. ... More


Image-Politics: Jean-Luc Nancy’s Ontological Rehabilitation of the Image

Alison Ross

in Nancy and the Political

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780748683178
eISBN:
9781474408684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748683178.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Nancy's writing on the image may be understood as a critical engagement with the traditions of modern aesthetics and classical theories of art. However, the starting point for his approach to the ... More


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