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Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Henry Laycock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book seeks to resolve the so-called ‘problem of mass nouns’ — a problem which cannot be resolved on the basis of a conventional system of logic. It is not, for instance, possible to explicate ... More


What is log terminal?

Osamu Fujino

in Flips for 3-folds and 4-folds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570615
eISBN:
9780191717703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570615.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter introduces, compares, and discusses several flavours of log terminal singularities of pairs, with motivation and counterexamples. The chapter contains a careful treatment of the ... More


A Proposed Semantical Solution to the So‐called ‘Problem of Mass Nouns’

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes issue with the common assumption that referential expressions and definite descriptions involving ‘mass nouns’ are semantically singular, thereby designating so-called parcels of ... More


Parliamentary Democracy and Delegatio n

Kaare Strøm

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Identifies three motivations for political delegation (capacity, competence, collective action problems) and discusses agency problems and mechanisms of accountability. An ideal-typical form of ... More


Introducing Black Holes: Event Horizons and Singularities

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This introductory chapter provides a background of black holes. The term “black hole” is not defined in a technical way and is used in different contexts to mean different things. The phrase itself ... More


Links as Sasakian Manifolds

Charles P. Boyer and Krzysztof Galicki

in Sasakian Geometry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198564959
eISBN:
9780191713712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564959.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter is devoted to the geometry of links of isolated hypersurface singularities, as well as a review of the differential topology of homotopy spheres a la Kervaire and Milnor. The ... More


Sasakian Geometry in Dimensions 3 and 5

Charles P. Boyer and Krzysztof Galicki

in Sasakian Geometry

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198564959
eISBN:
9780191713712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564959.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter describes Sasakian geometry in low dimensions. In dimension three there is a complete classification; dimension five is large enough to be interesting, yet small enough to hope for some ... More


Pseudodifferential Operator Trace Formulae

Simon Scott

in Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780198568360
eISBN:
9780191594748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Analysis

In this chapter details of the construction of the fundamental trace functionals on pseudodifferential operators are given. The approach to traces taken here is through an analysis of the singularity ... More


Julia Kristeva and Feminist Thought

Birgit Schippers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640898
eISBN:
9780748671830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Julia Kristeva's writings on the female subject and on feminist politics continue to trouble many of her readers; as yet, there exists no unified response to her ideas in contemporary feminism. Julia ... More


EMBEDDINGS, IMMERSIONS, AND SINGULARITIES

Andrew Ranicki

in Algebraic and Geometric Surgery

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198509240
eISBN:
9780191708725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509240.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter describes the algebraic and geometric intersection properties of submanifolds used to establish the one-one correspondence between algebraic and geometric surgeries below the middle ... More


Singular X-ray optics

David M. Paganin

in Coherent X-Ray Optics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter acquaints the reader with the nascent field of singular X-ray optics, dealing with the singularities of X-ray wave fields, particularly phase singularities (phase vortices). The concept ... More


Letters to Clarissa: The Fantasy of a Female Network

Ned Schantz

in Gossip, Letters, Phones: The Scandal of Female Networks in Film and Literature

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335910
eISBN:
9780199868902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335910.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Women's Literature

This chapter considers how long-distance female networks emerge out of gothic claustrophobia to flourish in the fantasy space of epistolary suspension. As it reads Clarissa for its powerful ... More


DANGERS, RIGHTS, AND RESPONSIBILITIES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The desirability of computers making moral decisions poses an array of future dangers that are difficult to anticipate but will, nevertheless, need to be monitored and managed. Public policy and ... More


Sign Language Humor, Human Singularities, and the Origins of Language

Donna Jo Napoli and Rachel Sutton-Spence

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter offers evidence consistent with the proposal that sign languages preceded spoken languages in the evolution of language. Using conceptual integration theory, the authors argue that what ... More


Beyond Nature and Culture: Radcliffe-Brown Lecture In Social Anthropology

PHILIPPE DESCOLA

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 139, 2005 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263945
eISBN:
9780191734038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263945.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the concepts of nature and culture. It reveals that Radcliffe-Brown had a poor opinion of the concept of culture; he neglected to consider that the concept of nature was no ... More


EVOLVING BLACK HOLE SPACETIMES

Miguel Alcubierre

in Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199205677
eISBN:
9780191709371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205677.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers the different issues associated with the numerical evolution of black hole spacetimes. These issues can be separated into three areas: 1) how to evolve black holes successfully ... More


Biography and Literary Principle: Marcel Schwob's Vies imaginaires

Ann Jefferson

in Biography and the Question of Literature in France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199270842
eISBN:
9780191710292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270842.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines Schwob's account of biography as the basis for the literariness of literature. Biography's concerns with the unique and the individual — often in the form of incidental details ... More


The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Arlindo Oliveira

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This book addresses the connections between computers, life, evolution, brains, and minds. Digital computers are recent and have changed our society. However, they represent just the latest way to ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


Making the Modern Primitive: Cultural Tourism in the Trobriand Islands

Michelle MacCarthy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824855604
eISBN:
9780824872175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824855604.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book provides an anthropological analysis of the encounter between local residents and tourists in the Trobriand Islands, a place renowned in anthropology and represented in various media as ... More


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