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Acquaintance

Charles Travis

in Thought's Footing: Themes in Wittgenstein's “Philosophical Investigations”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291465
eISBN:
9780191710667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291465.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Investigations, §§36-64. It treats a problem raised by Russell in c. 1918: How can a human thinker ever think a singular thought? This discussion of naming individuals (of ... More


The Reference Book

John Hawthorne and David Manley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book critically examines some widespread views about the semantic phenomenon of reference and the cognitive phenomenon of singular thought. It begins by denying that either is tied to a special ... More


Singular Thought: In Defence of Acquaintance *

François Recanati

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that singular thought about an object involves nondescriptive or de re ways of thinking of that object, that is, modes of presentation resting on contextual relations of ... More


Introduction to New Essays on Singular Thought *

Robin Jeshion

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents an overview of four outstanding problems about singular thought, together with an account of their development from theories of reference, perception, and representation. The ... More


Singular Thought: Acquaintance, Semantic Instrumentalism, and Cognitivism *

Robin Jeshion

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

What are the conditions on singular thought and what are the mechanisms of singular thought generation? The reigning view is that singular thinking is limited to objects of acquaintance. The ... More


Numbers

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Our singular thinking about numbers (using numerals) is examined, and Tyler Burge’s attempt to read ontological commitments from those uses are rebuffed. It’s shown how our numerical thinking ... More


New Essays on Singular Thought

Robin Jeshion (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents ten new essays about singular (de re) thought by a distinguished international group of philosophers of mind and language, as well as a comprehensive introduction by the editor. ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


On Singularity

Kenneth A. Taylor

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter offers an account of both the inner syntactic form of our thoughts about objects and the way in which those thoughts manage to make semantic content with and reference to outer objects. ... More


Fictional Singular Imaginings *

Manuel García‐Carpintero

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

In a series of papers, Robin Jeshion has developed an ‘acquaintanceless' account of singular thoughts. Her account of singular thoughts is a psychological one, rejecting any epistemic constraint. ... More


Getting a Thing into a Thought

Kent Bach

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter surveys various approaches to the analysis of singular thought, including those of Russell and Frege, evaluating them by reference to their capacity to solve what has been called the ... More


Singular Thought without Acquaintance

François Recanati

in Mental Files

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659982
eISBN:
9780191745409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659982.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Actual acquaintance is not necessary to open a mental file: expected acquaintance is sufficient. Yet, in contrast to radical forms of Instrumentalism, it is argued that opening a mental file itself ... More


Millian Externalism *

Arthur Sullivan

in New Essays on Singular Thought

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199567881
eISBN:
9780191722783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567881.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter aims to clarify the implications of the causal‐historical theory of reference for questions about singular thought. It addresses the following questions: exactly what is the nature of ... More


Singular Thought and Cartesian Philosophy

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter questions the cogency of another semantic externalist anti-sceptical strategy, that of John McDowell. When I think a thought via the sentence ‘This cat is black’ while in the presence of ... More


Singular Thought

Grant Gillett

in Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the concept of singular thought, which involves the use of demonstratives and the recognition of particulars. These singular thoughts also provide difficulties for ... More


Singular Thought, Russellianism, and Mental Files

Jeffrey C. King

in Singular Thought and Mental Files

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198746881
eISBN:
9780191809101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746881.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many philosophers believe that there is a kind of thought about an object that is in some sense particularly directly about the object. The chapter will use the terms de re or singular thought for ... More


Afterword

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The Afterword re-evaluates the central questions of the book. It begins by examining the possibility (suggested by Paul Pietroski) that no expressions of natural language are paradigmatically ... More


Reference through Mental Files: Indexicals and Definite Descriptions

François Recanati

in Mental Files

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659982
eISBN:
9780191745409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659982.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The communication of singular thoughts is said to proceed through a general mechanism: the linguistic evocation of mental files via elements of their content. The issue arises whether that mechanism ... More


The Nature of de re Thought

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on de re thoughts about concrete individuals other than oneself. It first schematizes the general form of de re thought and then characterizes the de re representations and ... More


Thinking about Specific Things

Tim Crane

in The Objects of Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682744
eISBN:
9780191762970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682744.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

No account of intentionality can be complete unless it explains how thought about specific things (‘specific thought’) is possible: how we can think about one specific thing rather than another. ... More


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