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The Reference Book

John Hawthorne and David Manley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book critically examines some widespread views about the semantic phenomenon of reference and the cognitive phenomenon of singular thought. It begins by denying that either is tied to a special ... More


Direct Singular Reference: Intended Reference Andactual Reference

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the ideal (and normal) case of successful direct reference to an individual particular (1) there exists a particular individual that the speaker means (i.e. intends to refer to), (2) the singular ... More


Thought and Reference

Kent Bach

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a view of the problems of reference and singular terms, including an account of singular thought, a systematic application of recent work in the theory of speech acts, and a ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


A Uniform Treatment of Property Designators as Singular Terms

LaPorte Joseph

in Rigid Designation and Theoretical Identities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199609208
eISBN:
9780191745027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609208.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

It would appear on face value that some, but only some, property designators submit to a rigid–nonrigid distinction — designators that are grammatically singular. The present chapter does not call ... More


Singular Terms (1)

Bob Hale

in The Reason's Proper Study: Essays towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236399
eISBN:
9780191597565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236395.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Inspired by remarks in Gottlob Frege's Grundlagen, Neo‐Fregeans claim that questions about the referentiality of an expression are to be determined through consideration of the expression's ... More


Singular Terms (2) 1

Bob Hale

in The Reason's Proper Study: Essays towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236399
eISBN:
9780191597565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236395.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This essay is the sequel to ’Singular Terms (1)’ (also in this volume). After reviewing the criterion for singular termhood proposed in the earlier paper, Hale moves on to considering objections to ... More


What Is It for a General Term to Be a Rigid Designator?

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Ch. 9 initiates an investigation of the similarities between proper names and natural kind terms by arguing that although most proper names are clearly rigid, application of the notion of rigid ... More


Reductio

Arianna Betti

in Against Facts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029216
eISBN:
9780262329644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029216.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there is no reference to facts by means of that-clauses because that-clauses are non-referential parts of speech. Four necessary conditions for an expression to be a singular ... More


Inference Principles

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chs. 7 (and 6) set out and clean the formal tools that are needed in the remaining chapters to prove that Donald Davidson's and Richard Rorty's cases against facts and the representation of facts are ... More


Introduction

Bob Hale and Crispin Wright

in The Reason's Proper Study: Essays towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236399
eISBN:
9780191597565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236395.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The introduction to The Reason's Proper Study outlines how the essays collected in this volume fit into the broader neo‐Fregean philosophical programme. The notion of an ’abstraction principle’ is ... More


Semantics, Pragmatics, and Reference

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

For both singular terms and sentences containing them, we should take care not to confuse the theory of their meaning with the theory of their use. We should avoid trying to explain their pragmatic ... More


 Terms—singular and plural

Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley

in Plural Logic

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199570423
eISBN:
9780191755866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570423.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

Having previously dispatched singularism, this chapter turns to plural logic. First comes philosophical logic, beginning with the notion of a term. Singular and plural terms are different species of ... More


Reference and Its Roots

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quine claims to investigate the process by which the learner progresses from a grasp of simple observation‐terms to mastery of objective reference and predication. By manipulating the notions of ... More


Theories of Meaning and Learnable Languages

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson asks what properties a language must have to be learnable. He criticizes a (then) popular response that models the order of language acquisition on the epistemological priority of the types ... More


Confessions of a Confirmed Extensionalist

W. V. Quine

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this essay, Quine reflects on his philosophical development, taking a steadfast adherence to extensionalism as a unifying principle of his whole philosophy starting as far back as the 1930s. Quine ... More


Reference, Truth, and Context

Allan Gibbard

in Meaning and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646074
eISBN:
9780191741968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646074.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The chapter treats context-dependence of words’ and concepts’ reference, with truth a special case of reference. On a naturalistic analysis, reference is to explain communication of beliefs. Taken ... More


Gödelian Equivalence

Stephen Neale

in Facing Facts

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chs. 9 (and 8) convert the two basic forms of slingshot (collapsing) argument—one used by Alonzo Church, W. V. Quine, and Donald Davidson, the other by Kurt Gödel—into knock‐down deductive proofs ... More


 The project

Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley

in Plural Logic

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199570423
eISBN:
9780191755866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570423.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter surveys plural phenomena and argues for their logical significance. Terms may be classified as singular or plural, according to the number of things they are capable of ... More


Postscript: unfinished business

Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley

in Plural Logic

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199570423
eISBN:
9780191755866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570423.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

The book concludes with a Postscript describing some items of unfinished business. It begins with three tricky topics: first, pseudo-singular terms—syntactically singular but semantically plural noun ... More


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