*David R. Steward*

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198856788
- eISBN:
- 9780191890031
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198856788.003.0005
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Solutions to interface problems may be developed using analytic elements with mathematical solutions to the Laplace equation developed by singular integral equations. This formulation leads to ...
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Solutions to interface problems may be developed using analytic elements with mathematical solutions to the Laplace equation developed by singular integral equations. This formulation leads to solutions with discontinuities occurring across line segments, where the potential or stream function is discontinuous across double layer elements in Section 5.2, and the normal or tangential component of the vector field is discontinuous across single layer elements in Section 5.3. Examples illustrate a broad range of solutions to interface conditions possible with these elements. Series expansions are used to represent the far-field at larger distances from elements in Section 5.4, which leads to higher-order elements with nearly exact solutions and also provides a simpler representation for contiguous strings of adjacent elements. Such strings of elements are used with polygon elements in 5.5 to solve conditions along the interfaces of heterogeneities, and to provide a common series expansion to represent the far-field for a group of neighboring elements. Methods are extended to analytic elements with curvilinear geometry using conformal mappings (Section 5.6) and to three-dimensional fields in Section 5.7.Less

Solutions to interface problems may be developed using analytic elements with mathematical solutions to the Laplace equation developed by singular integral equations. This formulation leads to solutions with discontinuities occurring across line segments, where the potential or stream function is discontinuous across double layer elements in Section 5.2, and the normal or tangential component of the vector field is discontinuous across single layer elements in Section 5.3. Examples illustrate a broad range of solutions to interface conditions possible with these elements. Series expansions are used to represent the far-field at larger distances from elements in Section 5.4, which leads to higher-order elements with nearly exact solutions and also provides a simpler representation for contiguous strings of adjacent elements. Such strings of elements are used with polygon elements in 5.5 to solve conditions along the interfaces of heterogeneities, and to provide a common series expansion to represent the far-field for a group of neighboring elements. Methods are extended to analytic elements with curvilinear geometry using conformal mappings (Section 5.6) and to three-dimensional fields in Section 5.7.

*David R. Steward*

- Published in print:
- 2020
- Published Online:
- November 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780198856788
- eISBN:
- 9780191890031
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/oso/9780198856788.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Analytic Element Method provides a foundation to solve boundary value problems commonly encountered in engineering and science. The goals are: to introduce readers to the basic principles of the ...
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The Analytic Element Method provides a foundation to solve boundary value problems commonly encountered in engineering and science. The goals are: to introduce readers to the basic principles of the AEM, to provide a template for those interested in pursuing these methods, and to empower readers to extend the AEM paradigm to an even broader range of problems. A comprehensive paradigm: place an element within its landscape, formulate its interactions with other elements using linear series of influence functions, and then solve for its coefficients to match its boundary and interface conditions with nearly exact precision. Collectively, sets of elements interact to transform their environment, and these synergistic interactions are expanded upon for three common types of problems. The first problem studies a vector field that is directed from high to low values of a function, and applications include: groundwater flow, vadose zone seepage, incompressible fluid flow, thermal conduction and electrostatics. A second type of problem studies the interactions of elements with waves, with applications including water waves and acoustics. A third type of problem studies the interactions of elements with stresses and displacements, with applications in elasticity for structures and geomechanics. The Analytic Element Method paradigm comprehensively employs a background of existing methodology using complex functions, separation of variables and singular integral equations. This text puts forth new methods to solving important problems across engineering and science, and has a tremendous potential to broaden perspective and change the way problems are formulated.Less

The Analytic Element Method provides a foundation to solve boundary value problems commonly encountered in engineering and science. The goals are: to introduce readers to the basic principles of the AEM, to provide a template for those interested in pursuing these methods, and to empower readers to extend the AEM paradigm to an even broader range of problems. A comprehensive paradigm: place an element within its landscape, formulate its interactions with other elements using linear series of influence functions, and then solve for its coefficients to match its boundary and interface conditions with nearly exact precision. Collectively, sets of elements interact to transform their environment, and these synergistic interactions are expanded upon for three common types of problems. The first problem studies a vector field that is directed from high to low values of a function, and applications include: groundwater flow, vadose zone seepage, incompressible fluid flow, thermal conduction and electrostatics. A second type of problem studies the interactions of elements with waves, with applications including water waves and acoustics. A third type of problem studies the interactions of elements with stresses and displacements, with applications in elasticity for structures and geomechanics. The Analytic Element Method paradigm comprehensively employs a background of existing methodology using complex functions, separation of variables and singular integral equations. This text puts forth new methods to solving important problems across engineering and science, and has a tremendous potential to broaden perspective and change the way problems are formulated.