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Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Henry Laycock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book seeks to resolve the so-called ‘problem of mass nouns’ — a problem which cannot be resolved on the basis of a conventional system of logic. It is not, for instance, possible to explicate ... More


Smoothing and Decay Estimates for Nonlinear Diffusion Equations: Equations of Porous Medium Type

Juan Luis Vázquez

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202973
eISBN:
9780191707919
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202973.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is concerned with the quantitative aspects of the theory of nonlinear diffusion equations; equations which can be seen as nonlinear variations of the classical heat equation. They appear as ... More


Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


The Reference Book

John Hawthorne and David Manley

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book critically examines some widespread views about the semantic phenomenon of reference and the cognitive phenomenon of singular thought. It begins by denying that either is tied to a special ... More


Coherent X-Ray Optics

David Paganin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567288
eISBN:
9780191717963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567288.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book offers a grounding in the field of coherent X-ray optics, which in the closing years of the 20th century experienced something of a renaissance with the availability of third-generation ... More


Quantification and its Discontents

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter focuses on quantification as it figures in standard versions of the predicate calculus. These versions are straightforwardly reductive in that non-singular sentences must be re-cast into ... More


Thought and Reference

Kent Bach

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This book presents a view of the problems of reference and singular terms, including an account of singular thought, a systematic application of recent work in the theory of speech acts, and a ... More


Conclusion

Grant Gillett

in Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses and summarizes the topics and concepts that have been discussed in this book. Linguistic meaning, singular thoughts, the brain, and even the behaviour of a person are some of ... More


In Thrall to the Idea of The One

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The curiously sweeping assumption that all reference is ‘ultimately’ singular — even in the case of plural or non-count reference — is presented and examined. In the case of plural reference, ... More


Non‐count Descriptions and Non‐singularity

Henry Laycock

in Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The second application of the assumption that singular reference is ‘ultimately’ exhaustive also represents non-count reference as singular — as reference to individual ‘quantities’ or ‘parcels’ of ... More


Expressive Use

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I satisfies its expressive use in the deictic mode. It is the expressive use of any singular term to express thoughts. This requires that the speaker know the positive answer to ... More


Communicative Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its communicative role in the deictic mode. It is the communicative role of any singular term to communicate thoughts. This requires that the audience know the ... More


Conclusion

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I has the logical character, inferential role, referential function, expressive use, and communicative role of a deictic term. Uses of I share the referential security and ... More


Acquaintance

Charles Travis

in Thought's Footing: Themes in Wittgenstein's “Philosophical Investigations”

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291465
eISBN:
9780191710667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291465.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on Investigations, §§36-64. It treats a problem raised by Russell in c. 1918: How can a human thinker ever think a singular thought? This discussion of naming individuals (of ... More


Historical Background

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The historical development towards the current standard account of I as a ‘pure indexical’ (‘purism’) has two main features. First, the gradual acquisition of a logical apparatus which can ... More


Logical Character

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The logical character of I is obligatorily deictic. Some variant devices have obligatory anaphoric reference, some are free, and some again have obligatory deictic reference. It is by singling out ... More


Inferential Role

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The inferential role of I is irreducibly deictic. The inferential roles of singular terms are distinguished by appeal to the different mechanisms required to guarantee co-reference in a ... More


Referential Function (I)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The referential function of any singular term is to provide a positive answer to the question: ‘which individual is being spoken of?’, that is, to achieve determinacy of reference. What enables a ... More


Direct Singular Reference: Intended Reference Andactual Reference

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the ideal (and normal) case of successful direct reference to an individual particular (1) there exists a particular individual that the speaker means (i.e. intends to refer to), (2) the singular ... More


Numbers

Jody Azzouni

in Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Our singular thinking about numbers (using numerals) is examined, and Tyler Burge’s attempt to read ontological commitments from those uses are rebuffed. It’s shown how our numerical thinking ... More


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