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Australia: The Alternative Vote in a Compliant Political Culture

David M. Farrell and Ian McAllister

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The history of Australian electoral systems shows a high degree of democratic experimentation. Australia employs the alternative vote to elect its lower house of parliament, and the single ... More


Ireland: The Discreet Charm of PR‐STV

Michael Gallagher

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ireland is among the few countries to employ proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV), an electoral system that is highly rated by many researchers in the field. In the Irish ... More


Ireland: ‘O What a Tangled Web. . .’—Delegation, Accountability, and Executive Power

Paul Mitchell

in Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198297840
eISBN:
9780191602016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829784X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Irish state inherited many features of the Westminster parliamentary system, but with some important divergences: a written constitution protected by a Supreme Court, a proportional ... More


Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System

Steven R. Reed

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Japan embarked upon fundamental electoral reform in the 1990s. The single non-transferable vote was replaced by a mixed parallel system, which has resulted in an increase in disproportionality. The ... More


Party Politics in Ireland: Regularizing a Volatile System

R. J. Murphy and David M. Farrell

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Until as recently as the mid‐1970s, Irish party politics had an unchanging nature and was characterized as a two‐and‐a‐half party system (Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, and the smaller Labour Party) ... More


Revolution or Evolution? The 2007 Scottish Elections

John Curtice and David McCrone

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638994
eISBN:
9780748652891
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638994.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The Scottish parliamentary and local elections of 2007 were significant for two key reasons: the SNP was brought to power for the first time in its history, posing a fundamental challenge to the ... More


When Citizens Choose to Reform SMP: the British Columbia Citizens' Assembly on Electoral Reform

R. Kenneth Carty, André Blais, and Patrick Fournier

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter provides an account of what happens when ordinary citizens are given an opportunity to examine the workings of first past the post electoral systems and consider an alternative. The ... More


The Causes of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter, on the causes of electoral reform in Japan, reviews the movement from an extreme electoral (hyper‐personalistic) system in which candidates of the same party competed against one ... More


The Consequences of Electoral Reform in Japan

Steven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In January 1994, the Japanese Diet (Parliament) passed two major political reform laws, the first changing the system used to elect its Lower House (the House of Representatives) and the second aimed ... More


The Politics of Personalization since 1989: Closed-List, Open-List, Mixed, and Non-List Systems

Alan Renwick and Jean-Benoit Pilet

in Faces on the Ballot: The Personalization of Electoral Systems in Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199685042
eISBN:
9780191765346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685042.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues the book’s examination of the politics of electoral system personalization since 1989. It focuses on reform debates and processes in countries using electoral systems that ... More


The impact of gender quotas on voting behaviour in 2016

Gail McElroy

Michael Marsh, David M. Farrell, and Theresa Reidy (eds)

in The post-crisis Irish voter: Voting behaviour in the Irish 2016 general election

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526122643
eISBN:
9781526138989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122643.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In 2016 Ireland joined over fifty countries worldwide in the adoption of candidate gender quotas, and it became the first case of a country doing so under the single transferable vote electoral ... More


Mining the ballot: Preferences and transfers in the 2016 election

Kevin Cunningham

in The post-crisis Irish voter: Voting behaviour in the Irish 2016 general election

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526122643
eISBN:
9781526138989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122643.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter 2 makes use of mock ballot data gathered in an exit poll of voters as they were leaving the polling station. This allows a unique analysis of voting behaviour in Ireland’s unusual single ... More


Assessing Effects of Reforms: Changing the Electoral System

Shaun Bowler and Todd Donovan

in The Limits of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695409
eISBN:
9780191751486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695409.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers the first of several tests of claims about the transformative effects of electoral reform. It examines what may be seen as the ‘biggest’ of electoral reforms: changes in the ... More


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