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Mothers of ‘The Bastard Child’

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how women reacted to pregnancies and births outside marriage, and what happened to them and their children. It first discusses the legislative context in which women bore their ... More


Conclusion: Projecting single mothers into the future

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0026
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Middle-class single mothers are here to stay, this chapter states. However, the future is less about women who chanced pregnancy or chose adoption and more about donor-assisted families. These women ... More


Introduction: Recycling and Reconstituting Families

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter introduces Part III of the book. Women who have managed to free themselves from the social norms of married motherhood have done so as reluctant revolutionaries. They did not set out to ... More


Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Mariko Lin Chang

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women now receive more college degrees than men, and enter the workforce with better job opportunities than ever before. Indeed, the wage gap between men and women has never been smaller. So why does ... More


Feminization of Poverty in Japan: A Special Case?

Kimiko Kimoto and Kumiko Hagiwara

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explores how and why the poverty of women has become apparent as an issue in contemporary Japan. It argues that the mechanisms that force women into poverty were already functioning in ... More


Conclusion: Ordinary Lives, Extraordinary Circumstances

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0102
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter concludes Part II of this book. While American society has reached a new marital low point and has begun the reconstruction of family life, it has not seen the demise of the master ... More


Introduction: “Where Do We Fit?”

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter introduces Part II of this book. It begins by noting how David Letterman used humor to shirk fatherhood's responsibilities before his child was even born. His comments bespeak a larger ... More


Feminization of Poverty in The United States: Any Surprises?

Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines women's poverty in the United States. Poverty remains feminized in the United States despite reduction in official poverty levels of both single mothers and lone elderly women ... More


Sweden: The Feminization of Poverty?

Diane Sainsbury and Ann Morissens

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter initially presents the specific matrix of Swedish policies that has contributed to low poverty rates, with special emphasis on women's employment and social rights. It then describes the ... More


Summary, Synthesis, and Conclusions, Part 1: The Poverty of Lone Women, Their Diversity, and Income Sources

Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines a question posed by earlier research: “whether the countries with policies that allow solo mothers to form an autonomous household with little risk of poverty crystallize into a ... More


Structural Theory and Poverty

David Brady

in Rich Democracies, Poor People: How Politics Explain Poverty

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385878
eISBN:
9780199870066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385878.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines structural theory as an alternative explanation. Structural theory contends that macro‐level labor market and demographic conditions put people at risk of poverty, and ... More


A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890–1960

Elizabeth Rose

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111125
eISBN:
9780199854295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111125.001.0001
Subject:
History, Family History

Using Philadelphia as a case study, this book explores the history of day care from the perspective of families who have used it, tracing day care's transformation from a charity for poor single ... More


Feminization of Poverty in France: A Latent Issue

Claude Martin

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter discusses women's poverty in France, particularly that of lone mothers and lone elderly women. The poverty of lone mothers stems from their position in the labor market. Lone mothers are ... More


“Why Can’T I Have What I Want?”

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

The women interviewed in this book, particularly the middle-class women, often state that they looked toward marriage and found themselves depressed by the dwindling odds of finding love that would ... More


Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This book studies women's poverty over the life course, focusing on the economic condition of single mothers and single elderly women — while also considering partnered women and immigrants — in ... More


Deserving Mothers: Day Care as Welfare

Elizabeth Rose

in A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890–1960

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111125
eISBN:
9780199854295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111125.003.0004
Subject:
History, Family History

The case of Leah Nadel is a good example for showing some of the ways the day nurseries operated as a charity during the 1910s and 1920s. Even though she received charity from day nurseries, Leah ... More


Women’s Poverty in Canada: Cross-Currents in an Ebbing Tide

Patricia Evans

in Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty Over the Life Course

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195314304
eISBN:
9780199865574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314304.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter begins with a discussion of the key factors that influence the changing profile of Canadian inequality and marginalization. These include the growth in precarious employment; the ... More


Child Welfare Research: Advances for Practice and Policy

Duncan Lindsey and Aron Shlonsky (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195304961
eISBN:
9780199863648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304961.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

Research has already been a significant factor in child welfare policy in recent years, but this book demonstrates that it has taken a leading role in the field to spur and guide change. The chapters ... More


Moving on When Baby Makes Two

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

The idea that families can be created by women changed the worlds of the women interviewed, allowing them to imagine families crafted in new ways as both legitimate and valuable. Women act on ... More


A world without men, amen?

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

What has happened to men in these families? If women are no longer in search of a man to make a baby, what role do men play in these children's lives? This chapter raises these questions, which so ... More


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