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Simplicity

Elliott Sober

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244073
eISBN:
9780191680724
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The diversity of our intuitions about simplicity is matched only by the tenacity with which these intuitions refuse to yield to formal characterization. Our intuitions seem unanimous in favour of ... More


Retrospective

David Pugmire

in Sound Sentiments: Integrity in the Emotions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276899
eISBN:
9780191602689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276897.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Residual issues—emotions need a kind of simplicity, but this is compatible with subtlety. Generally, what is the point of scrutinising the losses of integrity to which emotions are various ... More


Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Nicholas Rescher

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its ... More


Interim Conclusion

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

‘Purism’, the claim that I is a pure indexical, is a contradictory position which requires the truth of three doctrines that have been shown to be myths: ‘rule theory’, ‘independence’, and ‘the ... More


How to Construct Predictive Models: Simplicity and Nonabsurdity

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Predictive models should be as simple as one can get away with, and they must not predict absurdities. They join the parsimony of “Occam's razor” to the “Sherlock Holmes principle”: Show how things ... More


Contemplative Consciousness

Laurence Freeman

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Contemplative consciousness opens up new ways to seeing and understanding, by refreshing the mind and spirit for acceptance of the unusual and the seemingly unconnected. The prophetic seeks radical ... More


The Innate Endowment for Language: Underspecified or Overspecified?

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two different views of universal grammar. Most linguists assume that universal grammar is underspecified — providing us with an incomplete grammar to be elaborated by learning. ... More


The reformed defence of Thomist theism

Stephen Hampton

in Anti-Arminians: The Anglican Reformed Tradition from Charles II to George I

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533367
eISBN:
9780191714764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533367.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

This chapter complements chapter six by setting out the doctrine of God which was advanced by the Anglican Reformed. Tracing the most detailed Reformed presentation of the issues, the Cambridge ... More


 The Berkelian Basics: Why Esse Is Not Percipi

John Russell Roberts

in A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195313932
eISBN:
9780199871926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313932.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The chapter begins the task of elucidating Berkeley's active/passive distinction by focusing on his understanding of the concept of existence. The latter is elucidated by mapping Berkeley's ... More


Opening Questions, Following Rules

Paul Bloomfield

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter begins by noting that the 20th century beneficiary of the open question argument has been (rather ironically) the class of non-realist views, including non-cognitivism and expressivism. ... More


HOW WE EXPLAIN THINGS

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

There are two different explanations of events — inanimate or scientific (in terms of the powers and liabilities of objects), and personal (in terms of the powers, beliefs, and purposes of persons). ... More


THE SIMPLICITY OF GOD

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

There are three possible ultimate explanations of all observable phenomena: materialism (physical objects, their powers and liabilities, and their ability to explain everything else); a mixed theory; ... More


HOW THE EXISTENCE OF GOD EXPLAINS THE WORLD AND ITS ORDER

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The Universe is governed by very simple laws of nature which exist (together with the boundary conditions of the universe) to produce humans. God may be expected to produce a universe like this ... More


The Justification of Explanation

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An explanatory hypothesis (whether of the personal or scientific kind) is probable in so far as it makes probable the occurrence of many observed phenomena, the occurrence of which is not probable ... More


Simplicity

Nicholas Maxwell

in The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261550
eISBN:
9780191698750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261550.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the problem of what the simplicity of a theory is can be solved within the framework of aim-oriented approach. It addresses the following questions: (1) What is simplicity?; ... More


The Phenomenal Self

Barry Dainton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Provided our mental life continues we can easily imagine ourselves surviving the most dramatic physical alterations. It was this fact that led John Locke to conclude that a credible account of our ... More


SHADOWS ON THE WALL

Lev Ginzburg and Mark Colyvan

in Ecological Orbits: How Planets Move and Populations Grow

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168167
eISBN:
9780199790159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168167.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

It can be very difficult to decide between two competing theories. It is rarely a straightforward matter of appealing to evidence. Sometimes neither theory conforms perfectly with the evidence, and ... More


Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Andrew Radde-Gallwitz

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Divine simplicity is the idea that, as the ultimate principle of the universe, God must be a non‐composite unity not made up of parts or diverse attributes. The idea was appropriated by early ... More


Introduction

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

The Introduction defines divine simplicity and theological epistemology. The latter is distinguished from religious epistemology, which asks, ‘On what grounds is someone's holding a certain belief ... More


Agen(n)êtos and the Identity Thesis: Justin, Dionysius of Alexandria, and Athanasius

Andrew Radde‐Gallwitz

in Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and the Transformation of Divine Simplicity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199574117
eISBN:
9780191722110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574117.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Theology

Chapter 3 sets the stage for the subsequent discussion of Eunomius of Cyzicus and his opponents. It outlines the background to his view that ingeneracy, that is, having no cause, is the essential ... More


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